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Midterm Review

by: Joseph Smith

Midterm Review SPE 411

Joseph Smith

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This document has all the information you will need to get 100% on your midterm in SPE 411.
Family Involvement/Regulatory
Professor Atkinson
Study Guide
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Joseph Smith on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SPE 411 at Arizona State University taught by Professor Atkinson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Family Involvement/Regulatory in Education and Teacher Studies at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 02/27/16
SPE 411 MIDTERM REVIEW SIX PRINCIPLES OF IDEA Zero Reject: Rule against excluding any student. They cannot exclude any  student no matter how severe the disability, cannot expel students whose  behavior is a manifestation of their disability, and cannot exclude students who  have contagious diseases from education with other students unless there is a  high risk that the contagious student will infect other students. There is a zero  reject law for adults with disabilities (Americans with Disabilities Act, 1990).  Nondiscriminatory Evaluation: Rule requiring schools to evaluate students  fairly to determine if they have a disability and if so, what kind and how extensive  a disability they have. This requires state and local agencies to evaluate students in such a way that strengths and weaknesses are revealed. There is a history of  discrimination­often non­English speaking students were administered English  language tests. There are three steps in evaluating a student: screening,  prereferral, and referral. It is important during prereferral to distinguish between  cultural/language differences and learning problems.  Appropriate Education: Rule requiring schools to provide individually tailored  education for each student based on the evaluation for augmented by related or  supplementary services. Key is individualization. IEP must specify kind of  assessment and evaluation schedule.  Least Restrictive Environment: Rule requiring schools to educate students  with disabilities with nondisabled students to the maximum extent possible. This  is one of the most important and most controversial elements of the special  education reform. The school may not remove the student from the general  education classroom unless he/she cannot be educated successfully there.  Daniel R.R. vs. State Board of Education­ important case from Texas that  required schools to furnish supplementary aids and services to make curriculum  adjustments for the students before removing him/her to more special, less  inclusive program.  Parent and Student Participation: Rule requiring schools to collaborate with  parents and adolescent students in designing and carrying out special education  programs. Parent participation was strengthened in IDEA reauthorization in 1997. Procedural Due Process: Provides safeguards for students against schools’  actions, including a right to sue in court. Key aspects: opportunity to examine  records, participation in meetings, parent involvement in placement decisions,  independent educational evaluation, prior notice, parent consent mediation,  impartial due process hearing surrogate parent, and procedural safeguards  notice.  *Parents give consent 3 different times. 1) initial consent for assessment, 2) initial consent for placement in special education, and 3) reevaluation.  DISABILITIES UNDER IDEA Autism: A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal  communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3, that  adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  Deaf-Blindness: Simultaneous hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which developmental and educational needs from such severe condition.  Deafness: Hearing impairment so severe that a child is impaired in processing  linguistic information through hearing. With or without amplification that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  Emotional Disturbance: Condition exhibiting one or more of the following  characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely  affects a child’s educational performance: an inability to learn that cannot be  explained by intellectual, sensory, or other health factors, inability to build or  maintain relationships, inappropriate behaviors, general pervasive mood of  unhappiness or depression, and a tendency to develop physical symptoms or  fears associated with personal or school problems.  Hearing Impairment: An impairment in hearing whether permanent or  fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance, but is not  included under the definition of “deafness.” Intellectual Disability: Significantly sub average general intellectual  functioning, existing at the same time, with deficits in adaptive behavior and  manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects a child’s  educational performance.   Multiple Disabilities: Concomitant impairments, the combination of which  causes such severe educational needs that cannot be accommodated for in  special education programs solely for one of the impairments. The term does not  include deaf­blindness.  Orthopedic Impairment: a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely  affects a child’s educational performance. Includes impairments caused by a  congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease, and impairments caused by other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that  cause contractures).  Other Health Impairment: Having limited strength, vitality, or alertness,  including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli that results in limited  alertness to the educational environment.   Specific Learning Disability: Disorder in one or more of the basic  psychological processes involved in understanding, or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, speak, read,  write, spell, or to do math calculations. The term includes such conditions as  perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and  developmental aphasia.  Speech and Language Impairment: a communication disorder such as  stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment  that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.  Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI): an acquired injury to the brain caused by am  external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or  psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational  performance. May be permanent or temporary.  Visual Impairment: Including blindness: Impairment in vision that, even with  correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term  includes both partial sight and blindness.  ACRONYMS OF THE LAW ADA: Americans with Disabilities Act: Prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in the areas of employment, public transportation, telecommunications,  access to public services, and activities of state and local governments, as well  as those of commercial facilities, private businesses, and nonprofit service  funders.  EHA: Education of the Handicapped Act: (now IDEA) the original name of  the 1975 legislation entitling children and youth with disabilities to a free  appropriate education.  IDEA: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: law states that children  with disabilities have the right to a free appropriate public education, including  procedural protections and a right to an education that is standards based.  FERPA: Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: legislation giving  parents the right to inspect and review their child’s educational records, to amend errors or inaccuracies in those records, and to consent to disclosure of records.  Privacy Act.  Section 504 of The Rehabilitation Act: a civil rights statue designed to  eliminate discrimination on the basis of disability in any program or activity  receiving federal financial assistance. Some who don’t qualify under IDEA to  receive service can receive service and/or accommodations under 504.  IEP: Individualized Education Program: a written statement for a child with a  disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised.  TA&D: Technical Assistance and Dissemination Network: authorization of  the secretary of education to fund projects intended to improve the education of  children with disabilities. 


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