PreparED Study Materials

Exam Study Guide Social Psychology Chapters 1-2 (Important Definitions)

Author: Student Professor: Term:

Textbook: Greenberg, J., Schmader, T., Arndt, J., & Landau, M. J. (2018). Social Psychology: The Science of Everyday Life, 2nd Edition. New York: MacMillan.

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Natural Selection 

A process in which individuals that have certain inherited traits tend to survive and reproduce at higher rates than other individuals because of those traits.

Evolution

The scientific theory that species gradually change over time, either through geographic isolation or natural selection.

Social Psychology

The scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another

What are the two primary sources of variability regarding reproduction?

                                      Mutation and Competition

Crossing over and shuffling of genes during meiosis.

Naturalistic Fallacy

Whereby we assume (quite incorrectly) that the way things are is necessarily how they ought to be

Adaptions

In evolutionary theory, the physical characteristics, skills, or abilities that increase the chances of reproduction or survival and are therefore likely to be passed along to future generations.

Competition 

A component of Variability that involves the struggle between organisms to survive in a habitat with limited resources

Mutation 

A component of Variability that involves a random error in gene replication that leads to a change

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