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UGA / Engineering / PHIL 2010 / What is hylomorphism?

What is hylomorphism?

What is hylomorphism?

Description

School: University of Georgia
Department: Engineering
Course: Introduction to Philosophy
Professor: Athanasios samaras
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: philosophy, Aristotle, and ethics
Cost: 25
Name: Intro to Philosophy, Week 5, Nicomachean Ethics Books I-V
Description: These notes contain background information on Aristotle as well as notes from the textbook, notes from sparknotes, and notes from lectures on Nicomachean Ethics Books I-V.
Uploaded: 09/09/2018
2 Pages 27 Views 2 Unlocks
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ARISTOTLE 3 Don't forget about the age old question of What is the biopsychosocial approach to sex?

Hylomorphism

  • hylo: matter
  • morph form
  • can assess what things are
  • solves how forms do anything to particulars
  • so, about ARISTOTLE..
  • starts his own academy
  • know the world through observation
  • wants to give a clear argument
  • points out how philosophers before him were wrong
  • model Science was BIOLOGY
  • observed different species
  • TELEOLOGY →  everything does stuff for a reason
  • human beings have a rational capacity

VIRTUE ETHICS

  • Arete
  • tells you what kind of person you should be
  • you do evil because you're mistaken that a good thing
  • trying to find the highest GOOD
  • clarifies the good
  • in action, it's virtue
  • end goal is happiness
  • ACTION = end + deliberation
  • only white men can be virtuous

NICOMACHEAN ETHICS Book 1

  • everything seems to Seek Some good 1094a
  • but the ends that are sought are different and the ends are more important than the activities
  • political science is human good 1094b
  • end of political science is action not Knowledge 1045a-5
  • to study pol sci. you need experience in actions
  • 3 most favored lives; gratification, political activity, & Study 1095b-15
  • the most vulgar choose life of gratification 20
  • see the good as pleasure
  • cultivated people choose life of political activity & see the good as honor 25
  • the good is the most complete end 1097a- 25
  • 2 types of goods: goods in their own right + goods because of these 1096b-I5
  • happiness is self-sufficient 1097b-5
  • human good is activity of the soul in accord w/ virtue which is the best & most complete virtue 1042 - 20
  • Happiness needs external goods. 1099a . 25
  • anyone who is not deformed in his capacity for virtue will be able to achieve happiness through learning 1099b - 20
  • happiness requires a complete life 1100a - 5
  • non-rational & rational parts of the soul both have 2 parts 1102b-30
  • non-rational has the part that is plant like the part that in obeus reason
  • rational part has a part with full reason

a part that listens to reason. If you want to learn more check out What is the definition of a beginner’s mind?
We also discuss several other topics like What are the different routes of drug administration?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the american constitution?
We also discuss several other topics like What are the seven properties of life?
If you want to learn more check out What is the classical school of criminology?

Book Clarification

  • every human activity aims at some end we consider good
  • there are higher & lower ends and the higher ends are the supreme good
  • because pol. Sci is not a precise Science, we can only attain a rough outline of the good
  • can't be a single Form of Good
  • the supreme good should be an activity of the rational soul in accordance with virtue
  • a good person will always behave in a virtuous manner
  • once you've died, you may receive more honors or dishonors & the behavior of your descendants might affect happiness

BOOK 2

  • 2 types of virtue 1103a - 15
  • virtue of thought comes from teaching
  • Virtue of character comes from habit virtues don't arise naturally, wc are naturally able to acquire them this is completed through habit 1103a - 25
  •  it is important to acquire good habits 1103b- 25 
  • ruined by excess or deficiency 1104a - 5
  • virtue of character is about pleasures + pains 1104b - 1
  • you become just & temperate by doing just + temperate things + doing them how a just & temperate person would 1105b - 5
  • virtue is not a capacity or feeling 1106a - 10
  • virtue aims to be intermediate 1106b -15

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