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UNT - ART 2350 - Class Notes - Week 2

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UNT - ART 2350 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: University of North Texas
Department: Art
Course: ART History Survey I
Professor: Lisa Owen
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Art, history, and Art History
Name: Art History Survey 1 Week 2 Notes
Description: These notes cover what we have gone over in lecture so far but in further detail.
Uploaded: 09/10/2018
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background image Art History Survey 1 Week 2 **Circles – No beginning or end, representing eternity and astrology** Gobekli Tepe: Form:  15m high, 300m in diameter, approximately 760m above sea  level. Function:  Spiritual / ritual nature, Site of feasts. Domestication of plants and animals in this area may have  been driven by spiritual concepts. Content:  Found by survey done by Chicago and Istanbul university in  1963. Large number of flakes, blades and cores found. large ceremonial buildings, 
no residential buildings, religious site.
Context:  12km northeast of Şanlıurfa, Turkey, 10 th  – 8 th  millennium BCE Menhir of Woman: Form:  Limestone, shallow relief. Function:  Possible grave marker. Content:  Female model carved into stone. Context:  France, 2000 BCE. Neolithic. Mammoth-Bone House: Form:  Ivory tusks, Mammoth bone. Function:  Shelter and ritual purposes. Content:  Oval huts made of mammoth bones with central hearths,  tusks created the roof. Context:  Mezhirich Ukraine, 16,000 – 10,000 BCE. Paleolithic. Tomb Interior with Corbeling and Engraved Stones: Form:  Stone, Relief. Function:  Gathered possibly for living, a grave, or place of  worship/ceremony. Content:  Images carved on walls would have enhanced hallucinations  during meditation / worship. Context:  New Grange, Ireland. 3000 BCE Skara Brae: Form:  Stone Function:  Community, residency, shelter. Content:  The site its self is a series of small circular residences below  the ground, which are connected by doors and passage ways. The 
residences were built underground to avoid the harsh elements and 
damage to the buildings from such elements.
Context:  Orkney Islands, Scotland. 3100 BCE. Ancient Mesopotamia: “birthplace of civilization”, Arid, low vegetation, cities along Tigris and  Euphrates rivers for water source, people with better access to water are 
richer, cuneiform / written system, oasis’s, mountains are higher/closer to 
the gods.
background image Human Figure: Form:  Plaster, painted and inlaid with bitumen Function:  Dominance of man Content:  Sensual being (nose, eyes, ears, hands), defined eyes staring  straight at viewer Context:  Ain Ghazal, Jordan. 7000 BCE. Chatalhoyuk: Form:  Bone, ceramic, hardstone, clay, paint Function:  Shelter, Community, animal worship, offerings Content:  Doors on roofs, no outsiders able to come in, upward  progression, wall paintings, both real and carved bull skulls adorn the 
walls, human skull laid over with clay
Context:  Turkey, 6500 BCE. Anu Ziggurat & White Temple: Form:  Mud brick, whitewashed Function:  Worship/prayer, Content:  Ziggurat is sloped, Temple on top of ziggurat,  leader/priest/higher humans have access to the temple, different staircases 
divide the people, shrine on very top, gateway is a space of separation, 
leaders and important people have access to straight route up.
Context:  Uruk, 3100 BCE. (Ziggurat – mountain (Solid)) Votive Statues: Form:  6” – 80”. Cut in gray-black diorite, Clay Function:  Prayer, praying for water. Content:  Cookie cutter features; all have a sort of dress, all men have  beards, all have big eyes, and a prayer-like hand position. Context:  Tell Asmar, Iraq. 2900 BCE. (Votive – an offering to the gods) Bulls Head Lyre: Form:  Wood, shell, lapis lazuli, gold, silver, bitumen. Function:  Musical instrument to be played in a temple. Content:  Symbols on front depict the story of Gilgamesh and the Bull of Heaven. Context:  Ur, 2500 BCE. Property Markers: Form:  Stone, Metal, usually 10” – 18” Function:  Marks property boundaries Content:  Human or animal characteristics, sometimes pointed at the  bottom like a stake Context: ? Disk of Enheduanna: Form:  Clay, relief

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School: University of North Texas
Department: Art
Course: ART History Survey I
Professor: Lisa Owen
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Art, history, and Art History
Name: Art History Survey 1 Week 2 Notes
Description: These notes cover what we have gone over in lecture so far but in further detail.
Uploaded: 09/10/2018
3 Pages 37 Views 29 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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