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GWU / Political Science / PSC 1001 / How does social movement form?

How does social movement form?

How does social movement form?


School: George Washington University
Department: Political Science
Course: Introduction to Comparative Politics
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: political science and ComparativePolitics
Cost: 25
Name: Comparative Politics Week 3 Notes
Description: These notes cover nationalism and collective action. Key terms: self-determination, nation, nationalism, ethnic nationalism, civic nationalism, secession, irredentism, federalism, civil society, social movement, collective action, social capital
Uploaded: 09/15/2018
4 Pages 59 Views 6 Unlocks

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  • What is a nation?
  • What is society?
  • What is political identity?
  • Society: complex human organization; collection of ppl. bound by shared institutions that define human relations should be conducted
  • Ethnic identity/ethnicity: specific attributes and societal instits. that  make one group of ppl. culturally  diff. from others
  • Based on customs, lang., relig., etc.
  • Generally assigned at birth
  • Not inherently political
  • Ethnicity exists when ppl. acknowledge and are acknowledged by others as belonging to a distinct group
  • Identities conditioned by polit., cultural and econ. context of each society
  • Nation: group that desires self-gov’t through indep. state
  • National identity: sense of belonging to nation and belief in its polit. aspirations
  • Often (but not always) derived from ethnic identity
  • Inherently political
  • Basis for nationalism:
  • Pride in one’s ppl and belief that they have unique polit. destiny
  • Homogeneity from nat’lism = nation pride ↓
  • Nat’lism NOT inherently bad
  • Can drive to modern civilization
  • Citizenship: individ’s. relationship to state, where citizens swear allegiance to that state and the state in return is obligated to provide rights to those citizens
  • Purely political = more easily changed than ethnic or nat’l diversity
  • Basis for patriotism
  • Patriotism: pride in one’s state
  • Can develop with nationalism, but can adobe very distinct
  • Weak state = patriotism ↓
  • Citizen ≠ patriotic
  • Ethnic or national identity  ≠ patriotic
  • Citizenship, ethnicity, and national identity aren’t exclusive
  • Don't forget about the age old question of What does the epsilon-deta definition of limit mean?

    Ethnic Identity, National Identity, and Citizenship: Origins and Persistence

  • End of 18th century = emergence of ethnic and national identities in Europe
  • Citizenship began in Athens and Ancient Rome - fell with Rome, then reemerged
  • Emergence of modern state in 15th and 16th century Europe = sovereignty over ppl ↑ = more security = mobility  ↑
  • Language and cultural practices emerge, social institutions = ethnic identity
  • Ways ppl identified themselves
  • Athnic identity  ↑ = state development  ↑
  • State = institution that embodies ppl’s collective identity
  • National identity and ethnic identity = legitimacy  ↑
  • National identity unifies ppl = ability to raise armies  ↑
  • Nation-state: state encompassing, dominant nation that it claims to embody and represent
  • Ethnic and national identities → citizenship
  • If you want to learn more check out What if two vectors are parallel?

    Ethnic and National Conflict

  • Ethnic conflict: conflict in which diff. ethnic groups struggle to achieve certain polit. or eco. goals  at each other’s  expense
  • National conflict: conflict in which 1 or more groups within the country develop clear aspirations for polit. Indep., clashing with each other as a result
  • Can have both ethnic and national conflict, or can be diff. from each other
  • Conflicts can start because of society, econ. Or politics.
  • Societal = ethnic heterogeneity
  • Econ: struggle for resources between groups and general level of poverty across country as whole
  • Polit: state and regime (capacity or autonomy level; democratic or non-democratic)
  • Can be hand to distinguish cause and effect (endogeneity)
  • How to prevent or end ethnic or national conflicts?
  • Depends on nature of conflict (equality, autonomy, secession)
  • Try to create institutions that make ppl. feel that polit. system is fair and serves their needs
  • Don’t institutionalize group division - be flexible enough to cooperate
  • We also discuss several other topics like ojvmsys
    Don't forget about the age old question of What are the characteristics of romanesque architecture?
    We also discuss several other topics like What is cetromere?
    We also discuss several other topics like What is unemployment due to a recession called?


    Key Terms: self-determination, nation,nationalism, ethnic nationalism, civic nationalism, secession, irredentism, federalism

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