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TEXAS STATE / Biology / BIO 1330 / How chemical bonds differ, in biology?

How chemical bonds differ, in biology?

How chemical bonds differ, in biology?

Description

School: Texas State University
Department: Biology
Course: Functional Biology
Professor: Joseph koke
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Biology, exam, Carbohydrates, protein, structure, origin, darwin, carbon, Water, and proteinstructure
Cost: 50
Name: Bio 1330
Description: These are the general notes about what will be on exam one
Uploaded: 09/15/2018
2 Pages 94 Views 3 Unlocks
Reviews


ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-8 0}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-7 0}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-2}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-7 0}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-3}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-6}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-4 0}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-2 0}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-5 0}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-1}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-0}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-1}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-0 > li:before{content:"➔ "}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-2 0}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-1 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-0 > li:before{content:"➔ "}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-2 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-1 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-3 0}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-7 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-8 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-0 > li:before{content:"➔ "}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-6 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-3 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-5 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-8 0}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-0 0}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-1 0}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-1}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-5}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-5}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-8}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-2}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-5}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-4}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-0,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-5 0}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-6 0}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-3 0}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-4 0}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-2 0}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-6 0}ul.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-7 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-3 0}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-0}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-1 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-6 0}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-6 0}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-3 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-3}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-5 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-4}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-6}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-3}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-2 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-8,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-3 0}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-7}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-0}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-6 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-4}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-2}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-7,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-6}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-1}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-8 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-4 0}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-5 0}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-5,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-6 0}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-8}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-7,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-7 0}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-1,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-0}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-3,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-7}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-4 0}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-3 0}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-8 0}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-4 0}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-5 0}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-4}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-5}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-0}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-1}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-8}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7h3ior95aqnk-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-4 0}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-3}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-7 0}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-2 0}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-8 0}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-0}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-6 0}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-5 0}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-3}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-5 0}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-0 0}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-8 0}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-1 0}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-7 0}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-2}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-5}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-1 0}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-3 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-7}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-2 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-4}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-7 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-0 > li:before{content:"➔ "}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-8 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-8}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-2}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-1 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-7 0}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-1 0}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-1}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-7}ul.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-2 0}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-6 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_9sk52b1lw4zg-5 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-1 0}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-3}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-6}ol.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-8 0}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-7}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-5}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-4}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_bh6dtrhqppvq-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-0 0}.lst-kix_awk5k5puufwu-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-8}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_cr2jrbfjf4bo-6}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-6 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-8 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_478650mgcdq3-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-2 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-0 0}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-3 0}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-7}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zcv8b8g30qh7-4 > li:before{content:"◆ "}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-6}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-0 0}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-3 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-2}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k6pqqif1fj3j-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-5 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_310e32g2iwr5-7 > li:before{content:"◆ "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-8}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-2 0}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_5hskpfzg2iyt-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-8,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_61d8au99hqaf-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_61d8au99hqaf-1 0}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-6,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ktwso4uymuwk-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-2,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-0,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-4,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ocdkvfbvparl-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zhj542vhw4vs-0 0}.lst-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_dsrs1qrx5kwt-7,lower-latin) ". "}

Chapter 3: of proteins structure If you want to learn more check out What are the historical conceptions of psychopathology?

Primary: unique sequence of amino acids

peptide bonds between amino acids

If you want to learn more check out What kind of bond occurs when a pair of valence electrons is shared by two atoms?

Secondary: formation of a helices and pleated sheets - hydrogen bonds between groups along backbones We also discuss several other topics like What is the division of labor in modern society (1893) about?

Tertiary: overall 3D shape of polypeptide bond between R-groups and backbone

Don't forget about the age old question of What is transcendentalism?

Quaternary: combinations of peptides

Amino acids and proteins are different due to shape, shape determines function

Amino acids differ - side chains

Don't forget about the age old question of What is the process of leukopoiesis?

Functions of proteins

  1. Catalyst - speed up reaction
  2. Defense - antibodies
  3. Movement (actin and myosin) motor proteins
  4. Signaling (insulin receptors)
  5. Cell structures (keratin in hair)
  6. Transport (Na+ K+ across membranes)

If you want to learn more check out How can you establish the rights of the citizens?

Chapter 4 Nucleic Acids

Nucleic Acid structure

Bonds:

Phosphodiester linkage - bonds two nucleotides together between the 5’ group of one and 3’ of the other

Van der Waals interactions - between complementary bases (covalent)

The sickle cell gene mutation gives that individual somewhat immunity towards malaria because the parasite can’t reproduce well with the sickle cells.

Chapter 2 Water and Carbon

Types of chemical bonds and how they differ

  1. Covalent bond - two atoms share electrons
  2. Nonpolar covalent - bond that has EQUALLY shared electrons
  3. Polar - unequal electron sharing
  4. Ionic bonds - electrons are transferred between atoms

Atomic number and mass

Atomic number - characteristic number of protons in an element

Mass number - sum of protons and neutrons

When either of these change it’s either

  1. A new element
  2. An isotope

Radioactive isotope - unstable, nucleus will decay, releases energy (catalytic function)

Properties of Water

  1. The high number of hydrogen bonds makes water have a high specific heat
  2. Only molecule found in all 3 forms (liquid, solid, gas)
  3. Cohesive
  4. Adhesive
  5. Universal solvent
  6. Ice floats because it’s denser as a liquid

Video: Where did we come from?

What type of event may have sparked the formation of our solar system - a supernova (violent explosion of a star)

What main piece of evidence led scientists to this? Meteorites

Biology Exam 1 Review

Chapter 1

Hypothesis - can/will be tested with an experiment

Theory - explanation for a very general phenomena

Experiments

Variable - what you change         control - stays the same

5 characteristics of life

  1. Energy
  2. Evolution
  3. Information
  4. Cells
  5. Replication

Cell Theory - all organisms are made of pre existing cells

Evidence of Common Ancestry - descent with modification, evolution, natural selection

How are organisms classified?

3 domains - Bacteria, Acrhea, Eukarya

Group taxon                        Lineages  phylum

Genus: closely related group of species

Species: 2nd term, identifies species

Genus + species = scientific name

Natural selection

  1. Individuals within a population vary inheritable traits
  2. In a certain environment, certain versions of these hereditary traits help individuals reproduce more or survive better than others

Video: natural selection in humans

Main doctor/scientist interviewed - Anthony Allison

Big pattern he noticed about malaria and sickle cell where there was a lot of malaria there was high sickle cell.

How is sickle cell anemia and malaria related?

DNA

  • Deoxyribose has an H instead in the same place
  • Primary
  • sequence of bases in nucleic acid chains
  • Secondary
  • Watson-Crick pairing of bases double helix
  • Antiparallel 5’ - 3’

RNA

  • Ribose has an OH group bonded to the 2’ carbon
  • Primary
  • Sequence of bases in nucleic acid chains
  • Secondary
  • Hairpin structure

  • Tertiary

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