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UB / Art History / AHI 105 / Where is mesopotamia located?

Where is mesopotamia located?

Where is mesopotamia located?

Description

School: University at Buffalo
Department: Art History
Course: Mythology in the Ancient World
Professor: L watrous
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: mythology
Cost: 50
Name: Mythology study guide exam 1
Description: Mesopotamian, Jewish, and Greek creation myths along with historical context and practice questions
Uploaded: 09/15/2018
3 Pages 134 Views 11 Unlocks
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Mesopotamia - (Modern day Iraq)

  • Tigris and Euphrates River
  • Babylon and Uruk
  • Competing each other, by cities
  • Open valley with harsh weather

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The Constellations:

  • Origin
  • Star patterns named by accident after
  • zodiac

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Hamarabe Law Codes:

  • King makes and distributes law code
  • Names crimes and penalty
  • Depiction of Hamarabe and Shamash
  • Shamash giving Ham. the tools to make law code
  • Encouraged people to follow law code since the gods helped to create it
  • Another depiction of victory after battle that shows king as powerful and near the stars on a mountain
  • 2 symbols of the gods

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Palaces:

  • Often showed battle victories//King = warrior

New Year Festival:

  • Celebrated by King and people
  • Out of gate and outside of city to match reenactment of Enuma Eilish
  • large, literate cities
  • King chosen by assembly => dynastic
  • Wrote on tablets with cuneiform
  • Citadel: King’s palace and Ziggurat
  • Z = artifact mountain as temple = believed gods live in mountains
  • King = high priest (communicate with Gods), military commander, and keeper of laws
  • Provides by listening to gods via dreams, omens, horoscope
  • Accurate with astronomy and math

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Gods:

  • Marduk - storm God
  • Shamush - sun god and god of wisdom
  • Ishtar - goddess of sexual desire, fertility, and war (and salt water)
  • Apsu - god of fresh water
  • Tiamat
  • Hostile and chaotic (dragon and ocean waves)

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Enuma Eilish:

  • First Gen. of gods: Apsu and Tiamat
  • Second gen. didn't get along with the first
  • Fought and 1st threatened to kill the 2nd
  • 2nd needed someone to fight for them => Marduk
  • Provided “unrivaled”weapons
  • Showed he is capable of magic because he made a cloth disappear
  • Assigned to kill Tiamot with bow, mace, and flame
  • Makes a net
  • Allies = 4 cardinal winds
  • Challenges Tiamat, accuses her of rising against the king of gods (he was elected king of 2nd gen.)
  • He spread his net and captured her. Sent winds to go inside her to blow her up → Shoots her in the mouth →  killed
  • Imprisons her allies and sends them to hell
  • Takes tablets from Tiamat’s husband, that have the future prophecy, to restore world order
  • Split Tiamat in half, 1 half in sky and 1 half in ground

We also discuss several other topics like What is social class?

Creations

  • Makes 12 constellations = year = gods in the sky
  • Set 2 gods of East and Wast and makes a gate for them
  • 2 ends of the world, Shamash moving = rising and setting sun
  • Moon set as watcher of the night
  • Create sequence of moon and months
  • Creates “the savages” aka mankind
  • With the blood of Tiamat’s husband
  • Assigns role to humans = service of gods and make them at ease

Patriarchal Era:?-1250 BC

  • Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph
  • Traveled up to Heron and back down to Egypt
  • Went to israel, crossed mountains, went to Mediteranean sea // got along with pharoahs in Egypt  but new pharoah made the Jewish people slaves

Exodus

  • Moses, found in boat as baby and adopted
  • Found by pharoah’s daugther
  • Plague
  • Nile → blood        - cattle die        - hail        Moses warns pharoah but he
  • gnats/flies        - sores                - locusts doesn’t listen, God told Moses a

                                        Plague will hit Egypt

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