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FSU - CLP - Study Guide - Midterm

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FSU - CLP - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image Study Guide - Exam 1 1 Abnormal Psychology: Unusual patterns of behavior,  emotion and thought, which may or may not be 
understood as precipitating a mental disorder (clinical 
context).
Psychopathology: Study of mental disorders. Etiology: The cause, set of causes, or manner of causation of a 
disease or condition. (origins)
Assessment:   Gathering information about the symptoms and  causes % Continuum model: % Normal 
behaviors
Dividing line Abnormal % typical for social context% somewhat unusual for  social context        % highly unusual % not distressing to the  individual % distressing to the  individual % source of significant  distress % not interfering with  social life/work    % interfering with social  life % significantly interfering % not dangerous % somewhat dangerous % highly dangerous % %
background image ·   the “four Ds” of abnormality.  1. Deviance from the norm 2. Dysfunctionality 3.Distress to self OR others 4. Dangerousness to self OR Others % Biopsychosocial model  Psychological Biological Social Behaviors Genetics Social support Cognitions Structure Family Emotions biochemistry SES Culture % Psychodynamic theories= unconscious  conflicts between 
primitive desires and constraints of society
background image % Behavioral theories= reinforcements and punishments for specific
behaviors
% Cognitive Theories= peoples thoughts, interpretations of 
situations, assumptions about the world and self.
% humanistic/ existential= conform to demands of others instead of 
pursuing own values and potential
% Major Neurotransmitters: Glutamate: Excitatory neurotransmitter, “turns on” neurons, 
leads to action.
GABA: Inhibitory neurotransmitter, reduces post-synaptic activity. Serotonin: Dysfunction related to emotion, depression, and 
anxiety.
Dopamine: Associated with reinforcements or rewards, affected 
by substances. 
Norepinephrine: Mobilizes brain and body for action. (low 
levels= reduced stress) (too low/not enough= depressed mood)
%  Process involving synaptic gap, release, reuptake: Slight gap between the synaptic terminals and the adjacent 
neurons, called the synaptic gap. The neurotransmitters is 
released into the synapse. Then binds to the receptors. The 
process of reuptake occurs when the initial neuron releasing 
the neurotransmitter into the synapse reabsorbs the 
neurotransmitter decreasing the amount left in the synapse.
                

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School: Florida State University
Department: OTHER
Course: Abnormal Psychology
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Name: Abnormal Psychology Exam 1
Description: The basics of Abnormal Psychology and research methods
Uploaded: 09/17/2018
7 Pages 346 Views 276 Unlocks
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