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ALBANY / OTHER / APSY 101 / What is the definition of sensation?

What is the definition of sensation?

What is the definition of sensation?

Description

School: SUNY Albany
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Ronald friedman
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: psych, Intro to Psychology, and Psychology
Cost: 50
Name: Psychology Chapter 4 Study Guide
Description: These are the Chapter 4 study guides notes for Psychology
Uploaded: 09/18/2018
2 Pages 78 Views 3 Unlocks
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li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2jdysfwlfhv-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3b7losp0pnxj-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2jdysfwlfhv-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_twl3smqn446k-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_1x81bqohp197-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ndfnrrqjc5tv-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ndfnrrqjc5tv-5,lower-roman) ". 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                                        Study Guide

  • sensation - process by which out senses (vision, hearing, + smell), receive and relay outside stimuli
  • perceptual organization - the processes that sensory info. together to give the perception of a coherent scene over the whole visual field
  • provide estimates of an objects likely, shape, movement, distance, and orientation

  •      Identification + recognition - two ways of attaching meaning to percepts

            Question for identification will be : what is this object? If you want to learn more check out What is the definition of the victimization paradox?

                “ recognition “              : what is the object’s function?

Perception - process of apprehending object in the environment

  • Ways our brain organize + interpret that info. + put it into context
  • percept = what is perceived

Distal stimulus - the physical object object in the world (distant from the observer) We also discuss several other topics like What are the principles of a healthy diet?

Proximal stimulus - the optical image on the retina (located near the optic nerve - back of eye - , convert light into visuals / images).

  • near to the observer

If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of evaporative cooling?

Mental process We also discuss several other topics like What is the importance of law?

- expedition belief

- knowledge, memory, language

Identification / recognition Don't forget about the age old question of How to calculate elementary row operations?

- organization

- depth

- constancy We also discuss several other topics like What is the important function of the crypt of lieberkuhn?

perceptual organization

sensation

- sanitary processes

Environmental stimulation

  • Transduction - transformation of energy into another
  • In sensator, this means conversion of physical energies (sights, sounds,smells) into neural impulses our brains can interpret

  • Gestalt psychology - perception can only be understood only when viewed as organized wholes, not when taken down into primitive elements
  • Key figure = koffka, kohler, wertheimer

  1. The law of proximity - ppl group together the nearest elements

  1. The law of similarity - ppl group similar objects together

        

  1. The law of good continuation - ppl experiences lines as continuous even when they are interrupted

                 - you interpet this display as on arrow piercing the rather than

                                as 3 separate deign

  1. The law of closure - ppl tend to fill in small gaps to experience objects as wholes

          - you fill in the missing piece to perceive a whole triangle

  1. The law of common fate - ppl tend to group together objects that appear to be moving in same  direction

  • u experience this figure as rows moving part

  • Psychophysics - the study of correspondence between physical stimulation and psychological experience

Ex. how much sugar do you need to put in a coffee before it begins to taste sweet

  • to answer this question, we must measure the intensity of sensory experiences

  •  Absolute Tresholder- the minimum amount of physical energy needed to produce a reliable sensory experiences.

             Ex: How soft can a tone be and still be heard?  

  • Use a psychometric functions - a graph that shows the % of detections (y-axis) at each stimulus intensity (x-axis)
  • Sensory adaption - is the diminishing responsiveness of sensory system to prolonged stimulus input

Ex: walking into a room that smell however you start to adapt to the smell

  • Response bias - tendency to respond in a certain way due to factors unrelated to stimulus
    Ex: tendency of a person to answer question on a survey untrurhfully may feel pressure to give answer’s that are socially accepted
  • Blind spot - the region of the retina where the optic nerve leaves the back of the eye
  • Lens - the flexible tissues that focuses light on the retina

Retina performed by rods and cones

  • Rods - cells that respond to the intensity of light
  • Cones - cells that respond to the color of objects

 

 

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