GEO 103 STUDY GUIDE: EXAM 1
Themes of Geography
1. What are the 5 themes of geography?
2. Relative and absolute can be used to describe which theme? 3. Clothing, housing material, and using other aspects of the surroundings to live off of is a part of which theme?
4. Describe what region means in the context of being a geographical theme. 5. What three things are moved across land?
6. What is place?
1. The intensity and duration of radiation depends on what two factors? 2. What is the angle of the Earth’s axis?
3. What is the angle of intersection of all parallels and meridians? 4. How many time zones are there? (How many in America?)
5. How degrees are in each time zone?
6. If one travels west, does the day get earlier or later? East?
7. Where do sun rays hit during the Winter and Summer solstice? 8. Seasons depend on what?
9. Where is the prime meridian located? What city does it run through? 10. Direct sun rays stay in between what two lines of latitude? What are there degrees? We also discuss several other topics like When did relationship marketing emerge?
11. When neither hemispheres are tilted towards the sun, direct sun rays are where?
Longitude and Latitude
1. How many degrees of longitude are there?
2. If I were to travel ¼, ⅓, and ½ of the distance around Earth along the same parallel of latitude, the angular distance of longitude I travelled would be what?
3. List the 2 important lines of longitude. Don't forget about the age old question of What are the 3 different types of inequality?
4. Meridians are the farthest where? The closest where?
5. How many degrees of latitude are there?
6. List the 7 important lines of latitude. We also discuss several other topics like How do you find the horizontal displacement of a projectile?
1. Why does every projection have some distortion?
2. What do map projections do?
3. What is the most accurate map projection? How does it lessen distortion? 4. What is Mercator’s projection? Where does most of the distortion occur? 5. Describe Orthographic projection
1. Map scales are measured in what?
2. A map scale of 1: 30,000 means what?
3. _______ scales have the most amount of detail.
4. The greater the second number in RF scales the ________ the map. 5. Which is the smaller scale: 1: 1,000,000 or 1: 1,300? We also discuss several other topics like What makes a social problem?
6. Which is the larger scale: 1: 1,623 or 1: 200,000?
7. What do small scales show? Large scales?
8. Linear map scales are when…
1. What are contour lines?
2. Describe contour intervals.
1. Describe how elevation affects precipitation in areas with mountains. 2. What type of precipitation is associated with elevation?
3. What are the three types of elevation? How do they come about? 4. What type of cloud carries heavy rain?
5. Describe cumulus clouds.
6. What is the cause of precipitation?
7. What is lapse rate? 3 ½ deg for every.. If you want to learn more check out What did freud believe about phobias?
8. The usual summer type of rainfall in Louisiana is what?
1. What climate classification is Louisiana located in? Use letters. 2. Canada is mostly in which classification?
3. What climate classification is characterized by mild summers and winters and rainy winters?
4. The extreme southwest part of America what major classification? 5. What is the classification where one can find some of the tallest and oldest trees?
6. Why is the Mediterranean climate the most desired climate to live in?
1. What are the category 5 hurricanes? List their years and names. 2. Where do hurricanes originate from? Describe the process of how they get across the Atlantic Ocean?
3. Describe the different categories of hurricanes according to the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale?
4. Know about the EF scale.
Other (Book info)
1. What is situation in terms of geography? 2. What is absolute and relative distance? 3. What is spatial diffusion?
Answers: Themes of Geography
1. Region, Location, Place, Movement, and Environmental Relationship 2. Location
3. Environmental Relationship We also discuss several other topics like What are the things to be considered in collecting data?
4. Regions are areas of land that share a particular feature whether it be something physical (mountains, levees) or cultural (history, language, ethnicities, oil resources, certain crops)
5. Ideas, people, and goods
6. Place describes location in terms of physical and cultural features
Answers: Earth-Sun Relationships
1. Angle at which sun rays hit Earth
2. 23.5 degrees
3. 90 degrees
4. 24 total time zones; 5 in America
5. 15 degrees per time zone
6. Travelling west makes the day earlier
7. Winter: 23.5 degrees south (Tropic of Capricorn); Summer: 23.5 degrees north (Tropic of Cancer)
8. Earth’s revolution around the sun and axis inclination
9. 0 degrees longitude; straight through Greenwich, England 10. Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn (23.5 degrees north and south) 11. Equator
Answers: Longitude and Latitude
1. 360 degrees
2. 90; 135; 180 degrees
3. Prime meridian and international date line
4. Equator; poles
5. 180 degrees
6. Tropic of Cancer and Capricorn (23.5), Artic and Antartic circle (66.5), North and South Pole (90), equator (0)
Answers: Map Projections
1. A curved surface can’t be represented onto a flat surface without distortion
2. Transfer global, curved surfaces to flat surfaces
3. Goode’s Homolosine Equal Area Projection; it draws land masses based on water bodies
4. Flat drawing of Earth; at the poles
5. Circular drawing of only a section of Earth’s landmass
Answers: Map Scales
2. 1 inch on the map represents 30,000 inches on Earth
5. 1: 1,000,000
6. 1: 1,623
7. Small areas in large dimensions (streets, cities); large areas in small dimensions (world maps, continents, nations)
8. Lines represent units, such as miles or inches, on a map; Ex: there are 20 miles between each line
1. Contour lines connections of points of equal elevation above sea level 2. Contour intervals are vertical spacings between contour lines
Answers: Precipitation Types
1. Warm air is forced to rise when it comes across areas of high elevation; as the air rises, it cools and condenses into water droplets; the side of the mountain that cools the air and receives heavy precipitation is called the windward slope; the other side, the leeward slope, is dry and produces wind
3. Convectional: Sun heats ground, warm air rises, it cools, vapor condense into clouds;
Cyclonic/frontal: When warm air masses meets a cool/dry air mass, it rises on top of the cool air, it cools and condenses
Orographic: Warm air moving across ocean forced to rise by mountains; as it rises, it cools and condenses, turns into water droplets
4. Cumulonimbus clouds
5. White puffs; everyday clouds; not heavy
6. The rising and cooling of warm air masses
7. Temperature drops 3 ½ degrees for every 1,000 ft, up
1. Cfa; Humid subtropical
5. Marine West Coast
6. It has a natural cooling system and low humidity and chances of precipitation in the summer
1. 1992 Andrew; 1969 Camille; 1935 Florida Keys Storm
2. African thunderstorms are blown to the coast by wind; storm feeds off of the warm Atlantic water and builds; inversions (difference in air masses) stop most storms from advancing; however, during summer there are stronger updrafts that get through the inversions; the Bermuda high pressure system directs many hurricanes away from the coast P.S. Hurricanes are low pressure systems
3. Refer to your class notes
4. Refer to PDF in Moodle
1. Situation is the relations b/w a place and other places; an expression of relative location with particular reference to items of significance 2. Absolute: refers to the spatial separation b/w two points on Earth and is measured by a standard unit (miles/kilometers). Relative: measurements are something more meaningful to human experience or decision making 3. Spatial diffusion: process of dispersion of an idea or thing from a center of origin to distant points