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FAU / Art History / ARH 2000 / What is the meaning of prehistoric art?

What is the meaning of prehistoric art?

What is the meaning of prehistoric art?


Art Appreciation Exam 1 Study Guide 

What is the meaning of prehistoric art?

Prehistoric Art 

∙ The Venus of Willendorf is an example of a Venus figure. o Venus figures represent fertility through making the woman look  pregnant

o Represents beauty and procreation

∙ People carved animals to empower themselves; gave them luck for  being by animal herds

o Some of the animals look pregnant

 Keeps the herds around  

o Made with relief art (protruding from the wall)

∙ Lascaux is a place where a cave painting was found

o Had animal paintings everywhere, and many of them looked  pregnant as well

∙ Polychrome = painted

∙ Tools were made by chewing on a reed stick, among other materials ∙ Early paintings were amazing based on their simplicity and the use of  the lines in making the painting  

What does neolithic mean in art?

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∙ Chinese horses

o Showed unity and motion, along with the occasional  

representation of fertility

o Showed illusion through disconnected legs

o One painting showed a horse running with arrows in its body ∙ Throwing stick was a weapon (15,000 BC)

o If you put an arrow in it, it would propel the arrow; very accurate  tool

o Empowered the people who used it

o Both a utilitarian object and a work of art

Neolithic Art 

∙ The post & lintel system is two posts with a slab across the 2 posts; like two walls with a roof on top

o Stonehenge and Jericho are examples of this system

 In Jericho: bricks were made of sun-dried clay (erosion)  Allowed you to build on a larger scale

What kind of art did the mesopotamians do?

 Skulls were preserved to preserve the soul of the individual ∙ Plastered skulls

o Epoch = time

Mesopotamian Art 

∙ Mesopotamia = the land between two rivers = fertile crescent ∙ Everything and everyone in Mesopotamia looked up to something, like  a GodWe also discuss several other topics like What are the factors affecting democracy?

∙ Mudbrick: bricks made of mud that were stacked together; a lot of  erosion, which makes it not the best building material

o Ziggurat: a mudbrick Sumerian temple; Mesopotamian temple;  full of rooms and Mesopotamian gods Don't forget about the age old question of How do you calculate gdp using the income approach?

∙ Mesopotamians do NOT believe in more than one god ∙ Votive statues = praying statues

o Black paint around eyes, head coverings, colorful, life-like ∙ Animals of might were meant to empower people

∙ The need to communicate brought upon a written language o Cuneiform and scribes

 Mesopotamian language

∙ Stele: a land marker (ex. Grave stone); from Mesopotamia ∙ Wax-loss method: make a mold with wax, wrap it with plaster, open the plaster and you have a sculpture; a form of metal casting; lose wax  and replace with metal

∙ Gudea: a Sumerian king

∙ Code of Hammurabi: a set of laws; kept the Mesopotamian population  in check

∙ Lions often decorated sculptures

o Ancient architecture is often decorated with sculptures ∙ Lamassy: a guardian figure/genie/magical figure We also discuss several other topics like How did lincoln's ten percent plan differ?
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o Placed between doors or gates

∙ Assyrians were among some of the best Mesopotamian artists ∙ The Babylonians gave us glazed brick

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