×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to FAU - Study Guide - Midterm
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to FAU - Study Guide - Midterm

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

FAU / Art History / ARH 2000 / What is the meaning of prehistoric art?

What is the meaning of prehistoric art?

What is the meaning of prehistoric art?

Description

Art Appreciation Exam 1 Study Guide 


What is the meaning of prehistoric art?



Prehistoric Art 

∙ The Venus of Willendorf is an example of a Venus figure. o Venus figures represent fertility through making the woman look  pregnant

o Represents beauty and procreation

∙ People carved animals to empower themselves; gave them luck for  being by animal herds

o Some of the animals look pregnant

 Keeps the herds around  

o Made with relief art (protruding from the wall)

∙ Lascaux is a place where a cave painting was found

o Had animal paintings everywhere, and many of them looked  pregnant as well

∙ Polychrome = painted

∙ Tools were made by chewing on a reed stick, among other materials ∙ Early paintings were amazing based on their simplicity and the use of  the lines in making the painting  


What does neolithic mean in art?



We also discuss several other topics like What are the 8 millennium development goals?

∙ Chinese horses

o Showed unity and motion, along with the occasional  

representation of fertility

o Showed illusion through disconnected legs

o One painting showed a horse running with arrows in its body ∙ Throwing stick was a weapon (15,000 BC)

o If you put an arrow in it, it would propel the arrow; very accurate  tool

o Empowered the people who used it

o Both a utilitarian object and a work of art

Neolithic Art 

∙ The post & lintel system is two posts with a slab across the 2 posts; like two walls with a roof on top

o Stonehenge and Jericho are examples of this system

 In Jericho: bricks were made of sun-dried clay (erosion)  Allowed you to build on a larger scale


What kind of art did the mesopotamians do?



 Skulls were preserved to preserve the soul of the individual ∙ Plastered skulls

o Epoch = time

Mesopotamian Art 

∙ Mesopotamia = the land between two rivers = fertile crescent ∙ Everything and everyone in Mesopotamia looked up to something, like  a GodWe also discuss several other topics like What are the factors affecting democracy?

∙ Mudbrick: bricks made of mud that were stacked together; a lot of  erosion, which makes it not the best building material

o Ziggurat: a mudbrick Sumerian temple; Mesopotamian temple;  full of rooms and Mesopotamian gods Don't forget about the age old question of How do you calculate gdp using the income approach?

∙ Mesopotamians do NOT believe in more than one god ∙ Votive statues = praying statues

o Black paint around eyes, head coverings, colorful, life-like ∙ Animals of might were meant to empower people

∙ The need to communicate brought upon a written language o Cuneiform and scribes

 Mesopotamian language

∙ Stele: a land marker (ex. Grave stone); from Mesopotamia ∙ Wax-loss method: make a mold with wax, wrap it with plaster, open the plaster and you have a sculpture; a form of metal casting; lose wax  and replace with metal

∙ Gudea: a Sumerian king

∙ Code of Hammurabi: a set of laws; kept the Mesopotamian population  in check

∙ Lions often decorated sculptures

o Ancient architecture is often decorated with sculptures ∙ Lamassy: a guardian figure/genie/magical figure We also discuss several other topics like How did lincoln's ten percent plan differ?
If you want to learn more check out What are the torts against property?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the role of cartilage in a joint?

o Placed between doors or gates

∙ Assyrians were among some of the best Mesopotamian artists ∙ The Babylonians gave us glazed brick

Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here