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UNIVERSITY OF MEMPHIS / Chemistry / CHEM 1110 / Why is directly observing electrons impossible?

Why is directly observing electrons impossible?

Why is directly observing electrons impossible?

Description

School: University of Memphis
Department: Chemistry
Course: General Chemistry I Lecture
Professor: Henry kurtz
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Chemistry, chapter2, KenshaClark, Clark, UniversityofMemphis, and Chem1110
Cost: 25
Name: Chemistry Chapter 2 Notes
Description: These notes cover the concepts and equations in Chapter 2
Uploaded: 09/23/2018
3 Pages 107 Views 5 Unlocks
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"}.lst-kix_ii9v1b309331-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ol77ua67tqgr-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_z9gjlg6664g8-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ol77ua67tqgr-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_z9gjlg6664g8-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_a1iqzeoh572r-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ol77ua67tqgr-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_a1iqzeoh572r-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_jfzg67ps7lfv-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_ol77ua67tqgr-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_9rlj7r7yj0ep-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_9rlj7r7yj0ep-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_5ksj3tgguk2g-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_9rlj7r7yj0ep-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jfzg67ps7lfv-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ul.lst-kix_9rlj7r7yj0ep-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jfzg67ps7lfv-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_76iuy7rhedj8-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_jfzg67ps7lfv-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_7f785hdznlj-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_5ksj3tgguk2g-5 > 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CHAPTER 3: THE QUANTUM MECHANICAL MODEL OF AN ATOMWe also discuss several other topics like What are the three categories of managerial roles according to mintzberg?

  • Quantum mechanics was developed to explain the behavior of this tiny particles
  • Subatomic particles behave much differently than microscopic particles (element or molecules)
  • Under some conditions they behave like particles. Sometimes behave like waves
  • Directly observing electrons is impossible because it changes it’s behavior
  • Much of an atom’s behavior comes from the electrons
  • The wave properties of an electron give matter its behavior
  • Wave fundamentals

Don't forget about the age old question of How do ocean basins form?

We also discuss several other topics like Where atmospheric pressure came from?

Wavelength is  in nm  :

  • Amplitude is vertical distance from midline to arrest as trough

  • Frequency (v) number of waves that pass through a particular point in 1 second

                        (H = 1 cycle/s)We also discuss several other topics like What is the study human fossils, environmental context, and other related evidence?

  • Electromagnetic Radiation - emission and transmission of energy
  • Blackbody Radiation - when heated, e-osaliate, electromagnetic radiation released
  • Value of the speed of light (a type electromagnetic radiation) - 3.0 x 108 m/s 

(in a vacuum) Don't forget about the age old question of Franz boas is a father of what?

  •  Ware Nature of Light
  • Different wavelengths = different colors
  • Different amplitudes = different brightness
  • The color you see is the opposite of the color being absorbed
  • White light is a mixture of all colors of visible light
  • Red has longest . violet has the shortest /highest energy

Don't forget about the age old question of What is the difference between an empirical question and a normative question?

Frequency and wavelength are inversely proportional

            Radio Waves

         Microwaves

   Infrared light

                                LONGER                         LOWER ENERGY

                                SHORTER                         HIGHER ENERGY

                                                                         

The Electromagnetic Spectrum

  • Definition - the range of wavelengths of all possible

        Electromagnetic radiation

  • Short  = high  / high energy
  • Long  = low
  • Gamma Rays - highest energy, dangerous to humans ex. Sun, stars

  • X - Rays - have medical usesCan be harmful in large amounts
  • UV Radiation - cause of sunburns

  • Visible Light - violet (shortest ) to red (longest )
  • Not enough energy to damage humans

  • Infrared - emitted by warm objects

  • Microwaves - radars and microwave ovens
  • Easily absorbed by H2o

  • Radio Waves - transmit signals

2.3 Atomic Spectroscopy and The Bohr Model

  • Atomic Spectroscopy - the study of electromagnetic radiation emitted/absorbed by atoms

Atomic Spectra

  • Atoms abserbenergy and emit it as light
  • Different elements are different color lights

Emission spectrum - series of bright lines formed by passing light

                        Emitted by an element through a prism

  • Can be used to identify an element
  • The white light spectrum is continuous

                (looks like a long rainbow rectangle)

  • Spectra of elements are bright lives with dark between

  • Rudyberg equation - predicts  of hydrogen emission spectrum

THE BOHR MODEL

Niels Bohr - Danish Physicist

  • Tried to create a model for the atom that explained

Stomach spectra

  • Stationary states - electron’s orbits at fixed distances from nudeus

Proposed electron’s only produce radiation when moving between stationary states

  • Electrons are never observed between states

  • Stationary states are only at fixed positions
  • This is why emission spectrums are made of lines

  • The energy produced by an electron’s transition is the difference

Between the states it transformed between

  • Smaller transition = less energy

ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY AMO THE IDENTIFICATION OF ELEMENTS

  • EMISSION SPECTRUMS ARE LIKE AN ELEMENT’S BARCODE

  • Flame test can identify elements in compound by color of flame
  • Absorption spectrum dark lines bright background

  • Emission - transition from high  low energy level
  • Absorption - low  high energy level

2.4 THE WAVE NATURE OF MATTER:

THE DE BROGLIE WAVELENGTH,

THE UNCERTAINTY PRINCIPLE,

AND INDETERMINANCY

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