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WMU / Evolutionary Anthropology / ANTH 1100 / What is the study of human history through excavation and analysis of

What is the study of human history through excavation and analysis of

What is the study of human history through excavation and analysis of

Description

School: Western Michigan University
Department: Evolutionary Anthropology
Course: Lost World's/Anthropology
Professor: Britt hartenberger
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: ARCH 1100 Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Study guide for exam 1
Uploaded: 09/25/2018
2 Pages 56 Views 2 Unlocks
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ARCH 1100 Exam 1 Study Guide


Paleoanthropologists is the study of human fossils and what?



Terms:

o Archaeology: the study of human history through excavation and  analysis of artifacts and other remains present

o Artifact: any movable object that has been used, modified, or  manufactured by humans; portable

o Stratigraphy: order and interpretation the archaeologist imposes on the  stratified deposits; stratigraphic record

o Provenience: 3­D find spot (plan view­top, section view­side) o Ecofact: animal bones, plant remains, etc. “natural artifacts” used by  humans and tell diet, climate, status, and domestication

o Hominin: species clearly in the line of human evolution

o Subsistence: food people eat, how they get it, tools they use o Deep sea coring: drilling into the sea floor for isotopic composition­water  temperature, tiny fossils­oxygen levels


What is the uniformitarianism?



o Multiregional theory: homo sapiens developed separately across Europe,  Africa, and Asia

o Out­of­Africa theory: homo sapiens came from Africa and replaced homo  erectus everywhere except Europe (Neanderthals)

o Mitochondrial DNA: many copies and shorter; easy to decode, inherited  through mother’s line, forms mutations steadily; easy to calculate rate of  change, implies that all modern humans derive from an original  population in Africa

Early Hominins:

o Sahelanthropus tchadensis: skull and neck angle suggest bipedalism o Australopithecus afarensis: upper body of tree dweller, widespread  geographically, Lucy and Selam

o Homo habilis: opposable thumbs, could be arboreal, larger brain o Homo erectus: habitually bipedal, first to leave Africa, stone tools,  intentional burial of dead, built living structures, and hunted large game o Homo floresiensis: “hobbits” found on Flores island, decendent of  erectus, 3 ft tall adults; shrunk due to ‘island dwarfing,’ hunted pygmy  elephants, found with tools, had the region for planning in brain


In archaeology, what is hominin?



Other Information: Don't forget about the age old question of What are the five principles of politics?
If you want to learn more check out Ferdinand de saussure, the father of modern linguistics, is born in?
We also discuss several other topics like What are the 6 flags that flew over texas?

o Deep time

o Uniformitarianism: forming and wear time similar to today o Superposition: varying depths of layers

o Three Age System: stone, iron, bronze

o Context Don't forget about the age old question of What does the great migration refer to?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the central description of humanism?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the basic plot of oedipus rex?

o Matrix: dirt around finding

o Provenience

o Association: what it’s found with

o Paleoanthropologists study human fossils, environmental context, and  other related evidence

o Reconstructing ancient climate

o Plant cell fossils

o Ice cores

o Deep sea cores

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