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ECU - PHIL 2271 - Class Notes - Week 4

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ECU - PHIL 2271 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Philosophy of Art – W4 9/18-9/20 [***Classes on September 11, 13, & 18 were canceled due to 
Hurricane Florence***]
Tolstoy’s Critique: art is about beauty Beauty – objective & subjective o Objective beauty doesn’t exist Aesthetic value o Art produces aesthetic emotion Conclusion Tolstoy wants to prove is:  o Therefore, the objective definition is nothing but the subjective  conception differently expressed Only explicitly states one reason *Discipline specific Ex: geography course *Rules of reasoning applies to all (biology, religion, etc.) Is something art if it provokes a feeling of emotion (pleasure)
Premise 1: 
We acknowledge something to be objectively beautiful (absolutely 
perfect) only because we receive from the manifestation of this 
absolute perfection a certain kind of pleasure
o argument in form of P therefore, Q is not a valid argument form  premise could be true while the conclusion could be false 
and vice versa
Tolstoy’s assuming if the premise is true the conclusion is 
true
Is the argument valid? Is it sound? (must have form and all premises must 
be true)
Tolstoy’s hidden argument: If we acknowledge something to be objectively beautiful only because 
we receive from the manifestation of this absolute perfection a certain 
kind of pleasure, then the objective definition is nothing but the 
subjective conception differently expressed 
o Therefore, objective definition (beauty) is the subjective  conception different expressed Making assumptions the premise is obvious is not a valid 
argument
Philosophy of art requires scientific theories to be correct If scientific claim is false, then the philosophical theory is incorrect o Only requires one case that claims otherwise to prove it false (ex: Tolstoy’s theory)

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School: East Carolina University
Department: Philosophy
Course: Intro to Philosophy of Art
Professor: Dr. George Bailey
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Tolstoy, Art, and what is art
Name: PHIL 2271: Intro to Philosophy of Art
Description: Talked about Tolstoy's theory on defining art
Uploaded: 09/28/2018
2 Pages 41 Views 32 Unlocks
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