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ECU - PHIL 2271 - Class Notes - Week 5

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ECU - PHIL 2271 - Class Notes - Week 5

School: East Carolina University
Department: Philosophy
Course: Intro to Philosophy of Art
Professor: Dr. George Bailey
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Tolstoy, Art, what is art, and Bell
Name: PHIL 2271: Intro to Philosophy of Art
Description: Continued discussion on Tolstoy and began discussing Bell's theory
Uploaded: 09/28/2018
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background image Philosophy of Art – W5 9/25-9/27 Tolstoy Believes art has to deal with something important not just for 
entertainment 
o use art for social justice or a higher goal
o art is not about pleasure but must have meaning
Distinguishes 2 ways to try to define art (or anything) A. Reflect on everything that is art, find something all these  things have in common with each other but not with non-art. 
That will be what defines art
B. Reflect on the nature of art- on its meaning, value,  purpose Once you understand art’s meaning, purpose, value, 
look around and see which things are art and which are 
not (no matter what other people call art because it 
gives them pleasure)
Tolstoy says “A” is the wrong way to define art & “B” is the  correct way Tolstoy uses propositions to prove objective beauty is the subjective propositions make an argument “begging the question” o offering proof (assuming what is trying to be proved) premises if true make an argument strong (can’t be proved wrong) o all true premises and a true conclusion doesn’t make the  argument valid ex: P1 – Bailey has a motorcycle                    P2 – Bailey is in the classroom
                    C – Miami exists
o All are true but don’t relate therefore the  argument is invalid How do we find out what distinguishes one thing from another? Function – a property every work of art has that isn’t essential for 
something to be art
o Created for a purpose Find what they have in common with each other but not with anything 
else
o Ex: what properties (characteristics) do all shoes possess that  non-shoes don’t have? o Describe the function Circular reasoning – uses own conclusion as one of its stated 
premises
o Ex:  Question – What is art?        Answer – Something made by an artist
       Question – what is an artist?
       Answer – someone who makes art
background image Philosophy of Art – W5 9/25-9/27        Question – what is art?  Bell’s Theory: Nothing is art unless it has the power of aesthetic 
value to provoke a feeling in people 
Aesthetic emotion - anything that can provoke an aesthetic  emotion is art provoked by pure form (shapes, lines, colors, design 
quality)
o If non-aesthetic objects are being called art, then what is art? To answer, it must apply to all things called art Accuracy of representation (include religious reality)        What is its primary function? o  Ex: engraved shotgun    Not considered art because its primary function is to be a 
shotgun
   Something can evolve into art when the primary function 
becomes aesthetic value 
Consider how photography changed the meaning of art Anyone with a camera can take an accurate representation of reality 
(photograph)
o If the point of painting is to capture an accurate representation,  then photography killed painting Bell says: the accuracy of a painting doesn’t make it art Form Vs. Content You can experience the form while ignoring the content What is depicted is irrelevant, all that matters is pure form What is the biggest objection to claim one work of art is objectively 
better to another?
“it’s all subjective” judging art requires subjective thinking significant form – provokes this emotion does the form move you aesthetically? Not everything we call art can be art  What does it imply? Is it valid? Is it sound? o P implies Q means:  It is impossible P is true and Q is false If P is true, Q has to be true Aesthetic power – evokes a pleasurable feeling Doesn’t mean all art has aesthetic power Not everyone is capable of experiencing aesthetic emotion  Elitist of Bell to claim everyone is capable of aesthetic power When does elitism become unethical? When reasoning is due to gender, race, etc. (discrimination) Bell: o without sensibility a man can have no aesthetic emotions

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School: East Carolina University
Department: Philosophy
Course: Intro to Philosophy of Art
Professor: Dr. George Bailey
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Tolstoy, Art, what is art, and Bell
Name: PHIL 2271: Intro to Philosophy of Art
Description: Continued discussion on Tolstoy and began discussing Bell's theory
Uploaded: 09/28/2018
3 Pages 53 Views 42 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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