×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to GWU - Class Notes - Week 5
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to GWU - Class Notes - Week 5

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

GWU / Political Science / PSC 1001 / Who exercises power in an authoritarian political system?

Who exercises power in an authoritarian political system?

Who exercises power in an authoritarian political system?

Description

School: George Washington University
Department: Political Science
Course: Introduction to Comparative Politics
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Politics, Comparative Politics, and political science
Cost: 25
Name: Comparative Politics Week 5 Notes
Description: These notes cover non-democratic regimes. Key terms: authoritarianism, totalitarianism, competitive authoritarianism, personal regime, military regime, single party regime, resource curse, Arab Spring.
Uploaded: 10/01/2018
3 Pages 32 Views 2 Unlocks
Reviews


ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7bahhj8gxxpf-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jdwqc1aanfie-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_mvqowwinmg05-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x7agn9n8f6lo-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_t89ljzsfokr7-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_aeuvri5qeoxa-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e8003zwkautu-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uithtng7mx38-3 > li:before{content:"- "}

CHAPTER 8: NONDEMOCRATIC REGIMESDon't forget about the age old question of What was plato's belief about civilizations?

If you want to learn more check out What is caused by malfunction in a lysosome enzyme that prevents the lysosome from digesting a molecule?

Defining Nondemoractic Rule

  • Small group of individuals exercise power over state
  • Govt not constitutionally responsible to public
  • Public has little or no role in selecting leaders
  • Restricted individual freedom
  • Nondemocratic regimes can be institutionalized and legitimate
  • authorization : political system in which small group exercised power over state without being constitutionally responsible to public
  • Nondemocratic regime: political regime that is controlled by small group of individuals who exercise power over state without being constitutionally responsible to public

Totalitarian and Nondemocratic Rule

  • Totalitarian: highly centralized nondemocratic regime that possesses a strong ideology that seeks to transform and absorb fundamental aspects of state, society, and economy using a wide array of instits.
  • Often uses violence and terror (unlike authoritarianism)
  • Usually occurs when those in power profess radical or revolutionary political attitude
  • Ex: SU, Germany, B China in the 20th century.
  • SU: stalin (1922-53)
  • Germany : Hitler
  • China: Mao

Totalitarian regime = rareIf you want to learn more check out Define spina bifida.

Origins and Sources of Nondemocratic Rule

Modernization and Nondemocratic Rule

  • Poor - less likely to be democracy
  • “No middle class, nondemocracy”
  • Modernization needed to develop middle class
  • No middle class - polarization ↑ between powerful and weak
  • Modernization can lead to nondemocratic rule
  • Modernization - disruptive and uneven process
  • Can cause instability
  • Can increase inflation or unemployment
  • Promises by leaders to restore order ➝ nondemocratic
  • Rich ≠ democracy, poor ≠ nondemocracy
  • Per capita (GDP) > 20,000 = democracy

We also discuss several other topics like The law of demand states what?

Elites and Nondemocratic Rule

  • People with monopoly an economic power will monopolize political power
  • Elites less willing to share power if also scared of losing economic power
  • Threat of revolution - less likely to provide participate, competition, or liberty
  • Resource trap: theory of development in which existence of natural resources in state - barrier to modernization and democracy
  • Give leaders money to run state without taxation
  • Don't need to tax people = can ignore political demands
  • Stunt development of modern economy and middle class
  • Leaders lose power = cant keep resource because not portable

We also discuss several other topics like What is the most common chronic respiratory disorder?

Society and Nondemocratic Rule

  • Civil society = democracy
  • No civil society = authorizations
  • Leaders prevent it
  • Societal divisions = organizations don't form
  • Focus more on controlling state that building institutions outside it
  • Populism: political view that doesn't have consistent ideological foundation, but emphasizes toward elites and established state and economic institutions and favore more power with public
  • “Take back” the state
  • Not necessarily undemocratic outcome
  • Civil society can have nondemocratic tendencies
  • Can marginalize others

If you want to learn more check out What is ferdinand de saussure known work?

International Relations and Nondemocratic Rule

  • Occupation
  • Imperialism
  • Poorly drawn borders
  • Contribute to uneven modernization, weak state autonomy and capacity

Culture and Nondemocratic Rule

  • Some societies have democratic values, some don't
  • Modernization ≠ westernization
  • What explains countries regime at one time nor necessarily true at another time or for another country

Nondemocratic Regimes and Political Control

  • Gercian and surveillance
  • Public obedience through violence and surveillance
  • Co-optation
  • Members of public brought into beneficial relationship with state and government, often through corporatism and clientelism = dependent on regime for rewards
  • Corporatism: method of co-optation whereby authorization systems create or sanction limited number of organizations to represent interests of public and restrict those not setup or approved by state
Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here