Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to BGSU - Study Guide - Midterm
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to BGSU - Study Guide - Midterm

Already have an account? Login here
Reset your password

BGSU / Psychology / PSYC 1010 / How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?

How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?

How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?


School: Bowling Green State University
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Eric dubow
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Psychology
Cost: 50
Name: PSYC1010-Study Guide(Chapters 11,4 & 5)
Description: This study guide lists important concepts and important concepts to know for the upcoming exam on Chapters 11,4 & 5.
Uploaded: 10/02/2018
4 Pages 21 Views 5 Unlocks

tmoliti (Rating: )

Introduction to Psychology 

How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?

Chapters 11,4 & 5 Study Guide 

Chapter 11 

Important Terms: 

∙ Maturation 

∙ Germinal, embryonic, & fetal stage 

∙ Teratogen 

∙ Fetal alcohol syndrome(FAS)

∙ Cephalocaudal & Proximodistal rule 

∙ Piaget’s 4 stages of cognitive development; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete 

operational, & formal operational 

∙ Egocentrism 

∙ Theory of mind 

∙ Attachment 

∙ The Strange situation; the 4 different types of attachment styles 

What are the stages of life according to erikson?

∙ Temperament 

∙ Internal working model of relationships

∙ Kohlberg’s 3 stages of moral reasoning; preconventional, conventional, & 


∙ Adolescence; puberty 

∙ Gender identity vs sex typing 

Important concepts: 

o Newborn infants have a preference for sweet­tasting liquids, they can also detect similar 

sounds & human voice

o Memory has been found in infants 3 months old 

o Thomas & chess experiment with temperament; easy temperament, difficult 

temperament, slow to warm up temperament 

o Separation anxiety was shown in 14­18 month old’s  

What is the difference between perception and sensation?

o Harlow & Bowlby’s experiment with wire vs cloth monkeys showed attachment  o Early child care linked to increases in vocabulary, some problem behaviors in fifth & 

sixth grade

o Erikson’s stages We also discuss several other topics like What does the bible say about joshua and caleb?

o James Marcia’s stages of identity develop 

o 9% of Americans aged 70 & older had a moderate or severe cognitive impairment  Chapter 4 

Important terms: 

∙ Sensation vs perception 

∙ Absolute threshold 

∙ Psychophysical procedures & functions

∙ Photon

∙ Just noticeable difference(JND)

∙ Sensory coding & transduction 

∙ The visual system; the eyes & several parts of the brain & pathways connecting them ∙ Image forming system; cornea, pupil, & lens 

∙ Anatomy of the eye!

∙ Photopigments that absorb light 

∙ Sensitivity, dark adaptation, dark adaptation curve 

∙ Snellen acuity 

∙ Color appearance; hue, brightness, & saturation 

∙ Color mixture; dichromats & monochromats 

∙ Theories of color vision; trichromacy theory & opponent­color theory  ∙ Hearing; sounds waves, frequency, pitch, amplitude, timbre, loudness ∙ The auditory system; ears, parts of the brain & the connecting pathways  ∙ Hearing system; outer ear, middle ear, & eardrum  Don't forget about the age old question of How do we determine if something is nominal, ordinal or interval?

∙ Anatomy of the ear!

∙ Smell; pheromones, the olfactory system, the olfactory bulb 

∙ Taste; receptors located on tongue, throat & roof of mouth 

∙ Pressure & temperature 

∙ The pain system 

∙ Perception 

∙ Selective attention 

∙ Localization 

∙ Grouping by proximity, grouping by similarity 

∙ Perceiving distance 

∙ Monocular cues 

∙ Recognition  We also discuss several other topics like What is moral skepticism in ethics?

∙ Geons  If you want to learn more check out What is medical anthropology?

∙ Bottom­up & top­down processing 

∙ Perceptual illusion 

Important concepts:

o The opponent­color theory contains 2 types of color­sensitive units; red vs green & blue 

vs yellow 

o The inner ear includes the cochlea & the vestibular apparatus 

o We have sensitivity to salt, sweet, sour, & bitter

o The Gate control theory dealing with Melzack & Wall

o We have an internal representation of the world that helps us perceive, make decisions, 


o We use assumptions to integrate incoming sensory information into our existing internal 


o Eye movements include visual scanning, fixations, & saccades

o Weapon focus is research applied to armed crimes 

o Figure & ground for Localization  We also discuss several other topics like What are the economic factors that direct developing nations?

o The “binding” problem dealing with recognition states how activity in different parts of  the brain, corresponding to different primitives, are combined into a coherent perception 

of the object

o Simple cells vs Complex cells vs Hypercomplex cells 

o Distinction between bottom­up(driven solely by input) & top­down(driven by a person’s 

knowledge) processing 

o Agnosia vs Associative agnosia vs prosopagnosia vs pure alexia 

Chapter 5 

Important terms: 

∙ Altered states of consciousness  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the types of noise?

∙ Preconscious memories 

∙ The unconscious 

∙ Automaticity & dissociation 

∙ The 5 stages of sleep 


∙ Sleep theory 

∙ Sleep disorders 

∙ What is a dream 

∙ Freudian theory of dreaming 

∙ Meditation 

∙ Hypnosis 

∙ Psi Phenomena & parapsychology 

Important concepts: 

o Freudian slips are unintentional remarks assumed to reveal our hidden impulses o Difference between REM sleep and non­REM sleep 

o Circadian rhythms are daily rhythms of alertness 

Page Expired
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here