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BGSU / Psychology / PSYC 1010 / How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?

How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?

How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?

Description

School: Bowling Green State University
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology
Professor: Eric dubow
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Psychology
Cost: 50
Name: PSYC1010-Study Guide(Chapters 11,4 & 5)
Description: This study guide lists important concepts and important concepts to know for the upcoming exam on Chapters 11,4 & 5.
Uploaded: 10/02/2018
4 Pages 21 Views 5 Unlocks
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Introduction to Psychology 


How common is fetal alcohol syndrome?



Chapters 11,4 & 5 Study Guide 

Chapter 11 

Important Terms: 

∙ Maturation 

∙ Germinal, embryonic, & fetal stage 

∙ Teratogen 

∙ Fetal alcohol syndrome(FAS)

∙ Cephalocaudal & Proximodistal rule 

∙ Piaget’s 4 stages of cognitive development; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete 

operational, & formal operational 

∙ Egocentrism 

∙ Theory of mind 

∙ Attachment 

∙ The Strange situation; the 4 different types of attachment styles 


What are the stages of life according to erikson?



∙ Temperament 

∙ Internal working model of relationships

∙ Kohlberg’s 3 stages of moral reasoning; preconventional, conventional, & 

postconventional 

∙ Adolescence; puberty 

∙ Gender identity vs sex typing 

Important concepts: 

o Newborn infants have a preference for sweet­tasting liquids, they can also detect similar 

sounds & human voice

o Memory has been found in infants 3 months old 

o Thomas & chess experiment with temperament; easy temperament, difficult 

temperament, slow to warm up temperament 

o Separation anxiety was shown in 14­18 month old’s  


What is the difference between perception and sensation?



o Harlow & Bowlby’s experiment with wire vs cloth monkeys showed attachment  o Early child care linked to increases in vocabulary, some problem behaviors in fifth & 

sixth grade

o Erikson’s stages We also discuss several other topics like What does the bible say about joshua and caleb?

o James Marcia’s stages of identity develop 

o 9% of Americans aged 70 & older had a moderate or severe cognitive impairment  Chapter 4 

Important terms: 

∙ Sensation vs perception 

∙ Absolute threshold 

∙ Psychophysical procedures & functions

∙ Photon

∙ Just noticeable difference(JND)

∙ Sensory coding & transduction 

∙ The visual system; the eyes & several parts of the brain & pathways connecting them ∙ Image forming system; cornea, pupil, & lens 

∙ Anatomy of the eye!

∙ Photopigments that absorb light 

∙ Sensitivity, dark adaptation, dark adaptation curve 

∙ Snellen acuity 

∙ Color appearance; hue, brightness, & saturation 

∙ Color mixture; dichromats & monochromats 

∙ Theories of color vision; trichromacy theory & opponent­color theory  ∙ Hearing; sounds waves, frequency, pitch, amplitude, timbre, loudness ∙ The auditory system; ears, parts of the brain & the connecting pathways  ∙ Hearing system; outer ear, middle ear, & eardrum  Don't forget about the age old question of How do we determine if something is nominal, ordinal or interval?

∙ Anatomy of the ear!

∙ Smell; pheromones, the olfactory system, the olfactory bulb 

∙ Taste; receptors located on tongue, throat & roof of mouth 

∙ Pressure & temperature 

∙ The pain system 

∙ Perception 

∙ Selective attention 

∙ Localization 

∙ Grouping by proximity, grouping by similarity 

∙ Perceiving distance 

∙ Monocular cues 

∙ Recognition  We also discuss several other topics like What is moral skepticism in ethics?

∙ Geons  If you want to learn more check out What is medical anthropology?

∙ Bottom­up & top­down processing 

∙ Perceptual illusion 

Important concepts:

o The opponent­color theory contains 2 types of color­sensitive units; red vs green & blue 

vs yellow 

o The inner ear includes the cochlea & the vestibular apparatus 

o We have sensitivity to salt, sweet, sour, & bitter

o The Gate control theory dealing with Melzack & Wall

o We have an internal representation of the world that helps us perceive, make decisions, 

behave 

o We use assumptions to integrate incoming sensory information into our existing internal 

representation 

o Eye movements include visual scanning, fixations, & saccades

o Weapon focus is research applied to armed crimes 

o Figure & ground for Localization  We also discuss several other topics like What are the economic factors that direct developing nations?

o The “binding” problem dealing with recognition states how activity in different parts of  the brain, corresponding to different primitives, are combined into a coherent perception 

of the object

o Simple cells vs Complex cells vs Hypercomplex cells 

o Distinction between bottom­up(driven solely by input) & top­down(driven by a person’s 

knowledge) processing 

o Agnosia vs Associative agnosia vs prosopagnosia vs pure alexia 

Chapter 5 

Important terms: 

∙ Altered states of consciousness  Don't forget about the age old question of What are the types of noise?

∙ Preconscious memories 

∙ The unconscious 

∙ Automaticity & dissociation 

∙ The 5 stages of sleep 

∙ EEG

∙ Sleep theory 

∙ Sleep disorders 

∙ What is a dream 

∙ Freudian theory of dreaming 

∙ Meditation 

∙ Hypnosis 

∙ Psi Phenomena & parapsychology 

Important concepts: 

o Freudian slips are unintentional remarks assumed to reveal our hidden impulses o Difference between REM sleep and non­REM sleep 

o Circadian rhythms are daily rhythms of alertness 

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