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University of Memphis - PHIL 1102-007 - Plato's Republic - Class Notes

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University of Memphis - PHIL 1102-007 - Plato's Republic - Class Notes

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background image I. Plato’s Republic A. Background 1. The city is like human a) Parts work for the whole → everyone has to do their part  (1) Workers → laborers(builders, traders, farmers, etc),  Soldiers →courageous people, Guardians → at the 
service of all the citizens, managers, rulers, 
philosophical kings, wise, make only enough to 
survive [→ 3 parts]
(2) Metal myth → a “necessary falsehood”(Plato),  everyone has some type of metal in their blood → 
the workers have bronze in their blood, soldiers 
have silver, guardians have gold 
                 B. Definitions of Justice  1. Tell truth, pay debts a. Soc. response: weapon ex → what happens if you borrow a neighbors weapon and they want it back but are clearly 
not in the right mind.
2. Give people what they deserve a. Good to friends, bad to enemies (Socrates → have you  been wrong about who’s your friend, and who’s your 
i. Error? b. Soc. response: just person should never to harm (doing bad to  someone makes it worse, don’t want just person to be doing bad 
to bad people bc it makes things worse)
i. Being “good” cannot make worse  3. The advantage of Stronger (those in power, the rulers, they make the  rules(what is just) a. Obey rules [just serves rules] i. Error? → do the rulers ever make mistakes? (Soc) b. Justice becomes dis-advantage of rules → contradictions  [if rulers make errors in rules, it is then the disadvantage] c. Soc. Response: Rulers improve subjects → what do rulers  do? They work to benefit subject i. Dr. → patient (example)  ii. Ruler → subject 4. Getting what you want a. Just man always loses → expect to get the short end of the stick i. Taxes(if you’re just and honest→you pay more 
taxes, contracts(Just person won’t take advantage 
of the other side, office(Just person neglects family,
spends all time in office, doesn’t make a lot of 

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School: University of Memphis
Department: Philosophy
Course: Intro to Ethics
Professor: Marda Kaiser-Rehnelt
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: ethics, Plato's Republic, Plato, metalmyth, and introtoethics
Name: Plato's Republic
Description: Covers Plato's Republic, definitions of justice, metal myth, etc.
Uploaded: 10/02/2018
2 Pages 30 Views 24 Unlocks
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