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UW / African American Studies / ASIAN AM 160 / What were the demographics of chinese like during the exclusion moveme

What were the demographics of chinese like during the exclusion moveme

What were the demographics of chinese like during the exclusion moveme


School: University of Wisconsin - Madison
Department: African American Studies
Course: Processes of Movement and Dislocation
Professor: Cindy cheng
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: AsianAmerican, Asian, american, history, and Immigration
Cost: 25
Name: AAS 160 Lecture notes week 5
Description: Week 5 lecture notes for Asian American Studies 160 Readings not included
Uploaded: 10/05/2018
4 Pages 53 Views 9 Unlocks

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AAS 160 (LEC)

What was the demographics of chinese like during the exclusion movement?

Professor Cindy L. Cheng

Class notes  

Week 5-October 2, 2018 

Anti-Chinese Violence: 

 Expressions of economic frustration and class tensions through  xenophobia and racism

Rising influence of Labor Unions: 

 Workingmen’s party of CA

o 35 clubs in CA

o Began w/ critique of big corporations & Gov. support of corporate interests

o Dennis Kearny: “The Chinese must go! They are stealing our  jobs!”  

o Chinese Exclusions as the platform for consolidation of labor  unions & growth of membership

Nativism and Formation of “Whiteness”:  

 Nativism: Know nothing party

Who were excluded under the ca act of 1870?

 1870: 40% of white population on W. Coast were foreign born o Irish, British, German, Spanish, French, Italian

 Transformation: Immigrants”native”

o Legal: Naturalization rights (1790 law)

o Racial: Whiteness, “Anglo Saxon”

 Idea of “White” Americans were the “real” or most legitimate  Americans that unified the nation. Both workers and industries  supported Chinese exclusion being the most viable solution to the  economic woes of the nation

 Racial Capitalism: Process of deriving social and economic value from  racial identity. We also discuss several other topics like What should be considered in publishing research?

Exclusion and National Rights: 

 Chinese immigration and National politics

o 1850’s CA democrat controlled

o 1860 – democrats lost control due to pro-slavery stance;  Republicans with pro-union and wage labor platform dominated o Democrats try to shed pro-slavery image  found another issue:  the Chinese and anti-servile labor (having or showing an excessive  willingness to serve or please others.) 

What does it mean to racialize?

If you want to learn more check out When was the english bill of rights written?

o 1875 – Republicans were soundly defeated

o Decades go and Republicans came out against the Chinese o Chinese exclusion became a bi-partisan supported measure We also discuss several other topics like What are some of the strategies of self-promotion?

Exclusion of the Chinese: 

 CA act of 1870

Page act of 1875: 

 Federal legislation

 Sought to exclude 2 groups

o Chinese contract workers

o Chinese women (prostitutes)

 Ineffective in enforcing exclusions of contract workers but effective in  stopping women

o Didn’t want more Chinese people in the states so women were  banned  regulation of sex

CA constitution of 1879: 

 Article XIX – Chinese

Chinese exclusion act 1882: 

 Federal act

 Only act in US Legislative history to name a specific race/class  for purposes of exclusion

 First federally enforced act If you want to learn more check out What is the difference between statutory law and equity law?

Demographics of Chinese during exclusion movement:  

 33 years of open immigrants: 300,000 came, 2/3 left

 1880 Chinese totaled 105,465 (21% of total population)   Women: 7.2% in 1870 and 3.6% in 1890 in total pop.

Week 5-October 4, 2018 

Implications for racial formation of Chinese in U.S.: Racializing the Chinese: 

 Scapegoat  a single group out for unmerited blame, suffer the  consequences, ideologically it gets placed in one group

o Significance?  

 Emergence of categories that we want to exclude to  

fix things

 Tease @ hierarchy  

 What made that easy?

∙ So few of them, no strength in #’s, really  

different/newest immigrants, language barrier,  If you want to learn more check out What happens to cognition after the age of 50?

“different” shore, no rights, issue of power, etc.

 Unassimilable

o Easy to see them as separate  

o Racialize= one view

o Their ways are so different, they don’t mix/won’t change,  so foreign that they wouldn’t be able to adapt to American  culture

o Religion, hair, food, class/wealth, clothes =roadblock Don't forget about the age old question of Can astronomers deduce fingerprints for an element?

o Definition: incapable of assimilating to norms of Anglo  

Saxon culture

o Can “Assimilation” overcome the color line?  

 Would imply there is segregation laws/favor a  

particular color/race?

 Color line models: group them in hierarchy or group  

them horizontally ( either have the superior and  

inferior groups OR we can have everyone all lined  

together with no issues)

 How assimilation and color line work together

Implications for regulation of sexual relations in U.S.:  Chinese women:  

 Threatened normative sexual practices in U.S.

o Sexual practices contained within marriage

o Between one man & one women

o Between one white man and one white women

o These are all the normative sexual practices

 Crossing of racial and class lines = moral and racial pollution

o Chinese prostitutions believed to carry more virulent strain  of venereal diseases that could poison the Anglo Saxon  

blood and bring downfall

 Government regulation of “intimate relations”

o Who gets regulated?  

Chinese Immigration during the exclusion: 

 The case of Angel island: 1910-1940

 First illegal immigrants

 Rise of illegal immigration through derivative citizenship  “paper sons” and “paper daughters”

Paper sons and Paper daughters:  

 April 18-19, 1906 San Francisco earthquake; fire destroyed most of  cities vital records

o Purely based on testimonials/ bring white friends who sympathize with them to affirm their native-born, and others passed  

themselves as merchants

 Significant # of Chinese men successfully represented themselves  before immigration officials as Native-born American citizens of  Chinese descent or Chinese merchants

 As citizens, could travel to China and return; any children fathered in  China were admissible to the U.S. as “derivative citizens”

 Chinese wives remained inadmissible. However, Chinese wives of  Chinese merchants can enter in the U.S.

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