Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

Kean University - HIST 3854 - Class Notes - Week 4

Created by: Christopher Iorio Elite Notetaker

> > > > Kean University - HIST 3854 - Class Notes - Week 4
background image Original Lecture Date 9/27/2018       HIST 3854 
History of Pseudoscience; week 4 
notes
    *The following lecture notes are a first view of the ideologies of a 
pseudoscience, as well as the beginning of the discussion of astrology. 
Main topic 1; what is pseudoscience??    1.  The Basics of Pseudoscience?  a.  What is the difference between real science and pseudoscience?   i.  Real science  1.  “grounded in reality” 
2.  Science is grounded by a set of rules, based on acquisition of facts 
through experimentation and observation  3.  Biology, chemistry, environmental sciences all draw theories from  hypothesis and research  ii.  pseudoscience  1.  an “false science”  a.  superficially looks like science, but is not 
b.  can be a system or belief system 
2.  Think of science like Astroturf, or a cardboard cutout  a.  From a distance, pseudoscience looks like a real science,  but on closer inspection, pseudoscience is ultimately false  b.  What are the Beliefs that surround pseudoscience?  i.  All of pseudoscience has one thing in common; the rejection of 
metaphysics 
1.  Metaphysics; The thought of something higher we cannot  explain, easily  a.  One powerful example is god; “Whether or not there is a  god does not mean we a disprove the existence of god”  b.  Think of it this way; what truly makes the earth function  the way it does? Religious entities, abstract principles, or 
something else entirely?? 
background image           Methodological Naturalism; explains universe  without recourse for metaphysics.    Philosophical Naturalism; rejects metaphysics for  purely naturalistic explanations.  2.  Other intrinsic beliefs of pseudoscience  i.  There are other beliefs that defines pseudoscience that defines its false 
nature 
1.  Philosophical effects; the “belief system” of pseudoscience   a.  Confirmation bias; acceptance of materials and facts that 
support one’s own beliefs, rather that the truth of the event 
or data
  b.  Selective evidence compiling; Belief that one piece of 
evidence has more strength than thousands of articles that 
goes against it
  c.  Backfire Effect; evidence of being wrong just “makes you 
more right”
  d.  Knowledge Source Reversal; belief that a trained 
professional (i.e. professor) is not as valid as an amateur.
  e.  Dunning – Krueger Effect; Having low intellectual skills yet 
believing otherwise. 
  3.  Pseudoscience example; astrology  i.  Astrology is one form of pseudoscience that observes the skies, the stars, 
and the place of one’s birth 
1.  What makes astrology a pseudoscience?   a.  Astrology is the belief that at the time of birth, the position of 
the heavens would determine one’s future.
  b.  Another belief is the signs of the zodiac, which implies the 
causes of disease relates to the stars and the cosmos
  c.  Astrology also “explains” that one’s zodiac shall predict 
one’s personality and contribute to their overall personality 
traits.
  d.  The 12 signs of the zodiac and the affiliated body parts are;   i.  Aries; head and eyes   ii.  Taurus; neck, ears, throat, larynx, tonsils   iii.  Gemini; arms shoulders, lungs, and hands   iv.  Cancer; Stomach, Breasts, Solar Plexus, Diaphragm, 
upper body
  v.  Leo; Head and spine   vi.  Virgo; intestines, alimentary canal, lower liver   vii.  Libra; kidneys, loin, appendix, lumbar vertebrae and 
skin
 

Join more than 18,000+ college students at Kean University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: Kean University
Department: Art History
Course: History of Psuedoscience
Professor: Brian Regal
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: history, Pseudoscience, and Astrology
Name: History of Pseudoscience (HIST 3854) week 4 notes
Description: Notes that were taken for week 4 of History of Pseudoscience The following topics of these notes includes *The basics of Pseudoscience and real science *how to determine between the 2 *An summary of astrology, and a explanation of what makes it an pseudoscience.
Uploaded: 10/05/2018
3 Pages 89 Views 71 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
School: Kean University
Department: Art History
Course: History of Psuedoscience
Professor: Brian Regal
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: history, Pseudoscience, and Astrology
Name: History of Pseudoscience (HIST 3854) week 4 notes
Description: Notes that were taken for week 4 of History of Pseudoscience The following topics of these notes includes *The basics of Pseudoscience and real science *how to determine between the 2 *An summary of astrology, and a explanation of what makes it an pseudoscience.
Uploaded: 10/05/2018