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UCR / Psychology / PSY 002 / What role does psychology play in criminal justice?

What role does psychology play in criminal justice?

What role does psychology play in criminal justice?


 Exam 1 Study Guides 

What role does psychology play in criminal justice?

Psychology­ the scientific study of mind and behavior

Developmental psychology­ changes in behavior from birth to death

Personality Psychology ­ looks at peoples behavior over certain about of time and what different  traits we have from another

Cognitive psychology­Emphasis on higher mental processes: Cognitions, thoughts and  relationship to experiences and behaviors

Forensic psychology­ more toward question of the justice system

Biological psychology­Specializes in the biological bases of behavior If you want to learn more check out What are the three major changes that take place during the onset of adolescence?

Health psychology­ focus on how health is changed or affected by interaction of biological,  psychological, and sociological elements

Sociological  psychology­studies how people are affected by others

Which factors influence health according to the biopsychosocial model?

Cross­cultural psychology­ focus on same and differences in psychological furcating across  cultures and ethnic groups

Clinical psychology­investigates diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders Industrial Organizational psychology­applies psychological theories, principles, and research  findings in the workplace If you want to learn more check out What stops the stimulation for muscle contraction?

Sport and Exercise Psychology­Focuses on psychological aspects of sport performance,  including motivation and performance anxiety, and the effects of sport on mental and emotional  wellbeing

Clinical neuropsychology­Focuses on relationships between biological factors and psychological disorders

Behavioral genetics­Focuses on how we might inherit genes and how the environment influences whether we will display traits.

What are the mental aspects used in sports psychology?

Evolutionary psychology­Examines influence of our genetic heritage and our behavior Archival research­Use of existing data in order to test a hypothesis If you want to learn more check out How was james ii an absolute monarch?

Naturalistic observation­Observation of naturally occurring behavior without intervention Survey research­A sample of people are asked a series of questions about their behavior,  thoughts, and attitudes in order to represent a larger populationWe also discuss several other topics like How does structure determine function?

Case study­An in­depth, intensive investigation of an individual or small group of  peopleInstincts­ Inborn patterns of behavior that are biology determined rather than learned Drive­ motivation tension and ready to stratify and fill a task/need We also discuss several other topics like What were the cultural exchanges between the native american civilizations and the european settlers?

Primary drive ­ basic drives to the biological beed of the body. Example eat food and drink water Secondary drives­ things that are learned and by experience

Drive reduction­we have homeostasis point example… I’m full I’m stopping now is homeostasis point.

Arousal approach­ seek to explain behavior in which the goal is to maintain or increase  excitement. Ex­ amusement park                          

Incentive approaches

suggest that motivation stems from the desire to obtain valued external goals or incentives     Cognitive approach

suggest motivation is a product/outcome of peoples thoughts, ,and goals

Instructions motivation­motivated for self fulling enjoyment/pleasure

Extrinsic motivation­ outside motivation  ex money, impress someone

Over justification­ already have instructed motivation and give extrinsic motion can decrease  interest

Mallows hierarchy ­ suggest why people do what they do . 5 categories  needs must be  satisfying. Lower level needs first before higher levels. Psychology need ex food, water, and sex. safety needs ex need for safe and secure environment. love and belongings need to obtain love  and affection, esteem the need to develop sense of self worth, and self acclamation a state of self  fulfillment. If you want to learn more check out What are objects in a system called?

Emotion provide purpose gets us ready for action

Happing our future behavior helping us interact more effectively with others other  70 percent of our communication is body language                                                                          Determine the rage of emotions

basic emotions ­ happiness, anger, fear, sadness disgust

Micro expression­ Facial expressions that are visible like shaking of the head but in India that  actually means yes

Micro expression­ small facial expressions. For example smirking at someone because of what  they said is a small reaction. Or rolling your eyes. Just an action that can be easily missed. A  little smile/grin would count or moving of hands and body. Experiment was one so participants  had pencils in the mouth and it make them have to force smile and research showed they were  actually happier by using those smiling muscles.

Capacity to understand the world, think rationally, and use resources effectively when faced with challenges

G­factor­General factor for mental ability

Was thought to underlie performance in every aspect of intelligence

Recent theories view intelligence as a multidimensional concept

Fluid Intelligence­Reflects information­processing capabilities, reasoning, and memory Crystallized Intelligence­Accumulation of information, skills, and strategies that people learn  through experience

Information Processing as Intelligence

Information­processing approach

Way people store material in memory and use that material to solve intellectual tasks  Speed of processing 

Practical Intelligence­Related to overall success in living 

Emotional Intelligence­Set of skills that underlie the accurate assessment, evaluation, expression, and regulation of emotions

Assessing Attachment­Mary Ainsworth­ strange situation

Securely attached 

Avoidant Ambivalent 


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