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USC / OTHER / BIOL 101 / Which of the following will not be found in a Prokaryotic Cell?

Which of the following will not be found in a Prokaryotic Cell?

Which of the following will not be found in a Prokaryotic Cell?

Description

School: University of South Carolina
Department: OTHER
Course: Biological Principles I
Professor: Alan white
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: cells, plasma membrane, Cellular Respiration, and Photosynthesis
Cost: 50
Name: Study Guide for Exam 2
Description: Here is a copy of the pre-exam assessment questions I typed up as I attempted it. Below that, I included the professor's slide numbers where the answer is almost explicitly given, for anyone who wants
Uploaded: 10/09/2018
7 Pages 9 Views 14 Unlocks
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1. Contents


Which of the following will not be found in a Prokaryotic Cell?



a. Pre-Exam Assessment Questions

b. Corresponding Lecture Slides

c. Answers, Some Explanations, and Corresponding Lecture Slides

2. Study guide

a. Pre-Exam Assessment Questions

i. Which of the following will not be found in a Prokaryotic Cell?

1. Plasma membrane

2. DNA

3. Ribosomes

4. Cytosol

5. Golgi bodies

ii. Which of the following play a role in Protein synthesis? (can be more than one)  1. Cytoplasm

2. Ribosomes

3. Smooth ER

4. Rough ER

5. Lysosomes

iii. T or F: A scanning electron microscope uses a very high intensity light beam to  visualize the sample under the scope

iv. What does ATP stand for?

v. Where is bound Ribosome found? (Can be more than one)  

1. Nuclear membrane

2. Golgi bodies


Where is bound Ribosome found?



3. Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

4. Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

5. Cytosol

vi. The fluid found inside the Chloroplast and outside of the Thylakoids is?  1. Stoma If you want to learn more check out What are the benefits of helping?

2. Stroma

3. Stomata

4. None of the above

vii. Where are pigments that function as attractants stored in a Plant cell? 1. Plasma membrane

2. Golgi bodies

3. Lysosomes

4. Vacuoles

5. Cytosol

viii. The junctions between cells found in the stomach lining are?  

1. Desmosomes

2. Tight junctions

3. Plasmodesmata

4. Gap Junctions

ix. T or F: Unlike animal cells, all plants & bacteria have cell walls.

x. Mark the odd term out.  

1. Hydrophilic

2. Polar

3. Ionic

4. Hydrophobic

xi. Water diffuses through integral proteins called ____________, that are found in  the plasma membrane.


The fluid found inside the Chloroplast and outside of the Thylakoids is?



xii. A Phospholipid's hydrophobic part is its fatty acid tail, and the hydrophilic part is  the ________________ head. Don't forget about the age old question of Why is crystallized intelligence important?

xiii. A Plant cell placed in an Isotonic solution will be  

1. Plasmolyzed

2. Lysed

3. Normal

4. Flaccid

5. Shriveled

xiv. Proton pump in plants is an example of both ______________ transport and  ______________ transport.

xv. A cell that pumps out 5 sodium ions and receives 5 chloride ions in return will  establish the following gradient/ gradients across membrane.  

1. Electrical

2. Chemical

3. Neither

xvi. After a Na+ K+ pump has run 11 cycles, there will be a charge difference of  ______ charges across membrane.  

1. 1

2. 55

3. 11

4. 0

5. None of the above

xvii. T or F: Some passive transports only occasionally use ATP to move substances  across membrane.

xviii. T or F: A Plant cell placed in an Isotonic Solution turns flaccid, because it loses  more water than it gains.

xix. A hypotonic solution is one where there is? (mark all those which hold true)  1. A high Solute concentration inside the cell

2. A low solute concentration inside the cell

3. A high water concentration inside the cell

4. A low water concentration outside the cell

5. None of the above

xx. Spontaneous reactions have a ______________ ΔG

xxi. Thermodynamics is the discipline of science that studies ____________ transfer  and transformations.

xxii. Competitive inhibitor is the one that competes with the ______________ for  the ___________ site. We also discuss several other topics like how harmful substitution mutation is?

xxiii. T or F: Activation energy is needed by both Spontaneous and Non-spontaneous  reactions.

xxiv. _____________ is an example of a coenzyme.

xxv. T of F: The hydrolysis of ATP is an Exergonic reaction.

xxvi. Toxins and poisons serve as inhibitors for ________________. xxvii. A reaction that proceeds with a net release of energy is called? (Mark only one  answer, the most appropriate)  

1. Spontaneous

2. Non-spontaneous

3. Exergonic

4. Endergonic

5. Catabolic

6. None of the above

xxviii. T or F: All spontaneous reactions happen both, without input of energy and  quickly.

xxix. Organic cofactors are called _________________ We also discuss several other topics like What idea was central to the Skeptic worldview?

xxx. FAD is the ____________ state of the coenzyme.

xxxi. A molecule of Pyruvate has ____ carbon atoms in its structure  xxxii. When a substance gains electrons, it gets _______________. xxxiii. T or F: ATP synthase is an enzyme that carries out hydrolysis of ATP. xxxiv. Fermentation happens in _______________ of oxygen.

xxxv. Which of the following steps take place in Fermentation? (Mark all those which  do)  

1. Glycolysis

2. Citric Acid Cycle

3. Oxidative Phosphorylation

4. None of the above

xxxvi. Those that can only survive in aerobic conditions are ______________ aerobes. xxxvii. During which of the following steps does FADH2 turns into FAD+?  1. Glycolysis

2. Citric Acid Cycle

3. Oxidative Phosphorylation

xxxviii. During Respiration ____________ acts as the final electron acceptor. xxxix. ATP synthase plays a role during. (Mark one)  

1. Citric acid cycle

2. Chemiosmosis

3. Electron transport chain

4. Glycolysis

5. None of the above

xl. Breaking down 1 molecule of Glucose during Glycolysis, yields (mark all that  apply)?  

1. 2 molecules of ATP

2. 2 molecules of NADH

3. 2 molecules of FADH2

4. 2 molecules of Pyruvate

xli. CAM plants open their stomata during ______________, while C3 plants open  them during _______________.

xlii. T or F: A C3 plant is well adapted to carry out Photosynthesis during a hot arid  climate.

xliii. Which of the following play a role in Photosynthesis (Mark all that do, both  major and minor players)  Don't forget about the age old question of Why do some scientists argue that viruses are not alive?

1. Chlorophyll a

2. Chlorophyll b

3. Carotenoids

4. None of the above

xliv. T or F: Carbon fixation is carried out by Rubisco in C4 plants.

xlv. T or F: ATP and NADPH made during Calvin cycle are later used in light reactions. xlvi. The P680 chlorophyll molecules are known to absorb ______________ best at  ____________ nanometers.  

xlvii. The light harvesting complex is where the electrons of the chlorophyll molecules  absorb the energy of photon and end up going to a ____________ state from a  nucleus.

xlviii. Ribulose Bisphosphate acts as ___________ acceptor and then later plays its  part in the 1st step of the Calvin cycle.

xlix. T or F: Photorespiration is a better adaptation of a plant when compared to  either Photosynthesis or Respiration

l. NADPH is the ____________ state of the coenzyme

b. Corresponding Lecture Slides

i. Slide 154

ii. Slide 162

iii. Slide 151

iv. Slide 242

v. Slide 160

vi. Slide 169

vii. Slide 164

viii. Slide 176

ix. Slide 174

x. Slide 188

xi. Slide 206

xii. Slide 186

xiii. Slide 203

xiv. Vague. See answer section

xv. Slide 214

xvi. Slide 213 If you want to learn more check out what is Nucleophile?

xvii. Slide 208

xviii. Slide 202

xix. Slide 202

xx. Slide 236

xxi. Slide 228

xxii. Slide 257

xxiii. Slide 251

xxiv. Slide 256

xxv. Slide 244

xxvi. Slide 257

xxvii. Slide 239

xxviii. Slide 236

xxix. Slide 256

xxx. Slide 278

xxxi. Slide 280

xxxii. Slide 272

xxxiii. Slide 293

xxxiv. Slide 298

xxxv. Slide 298

xxxvi. Vague. See answer section

xxxvii. Slide 289

xxxviii. Slide 290

xxxix. Slide 292-294

xl. Slide 281

xli. Slide 335

xlii. Slide 333

xliii. Slide 307

xliv. Slide 336

xlv. Slide 329

xlvi. Slide 319

xlvii. Vague. See answer section

xlviii. Slide 331

xlix. Slide 332-333

l. Slide 315

c. Answers, Some Explanations, and Corresponding Lecture Slides

i. Golgi bodies. Slide 154

ii. Ribosomes and Rough ER. Slide 162

iii. F. A light microscope uses a high intensity light beam, not an electron  microscope. Slide 151

iv. Adenosine Triphosphate. Slide 242

v. Nuclear membrane and Rought ER. Nuclear membrane isn’t well known for this  but it has some bound ribosomes. Slide 160

vi. Stroma. Slide 169

vii. Vacuoles. Slide 164

viii. Tight junctions. Slide 176

ix. False. Some bacteria don’t have a cell wall. Slide 174

x. Hydrophobic. Hydrophobic substances are not hydrophilic, polar, or ionic. They  can also pass through the plasma membrane more easily than the other 3  options. Slide 188

xi. Aquaporins. Slide 206

xii. Phosphate. Slide 186

xiii. Flaccid. An isotonic solution is ideal for animals, but not for plants. Plants  function normally and ideally in hypotonic solutions. Slide 203

xiv. Co, active. Just type in the prefix “co” without dashes or spaces in one of the  blanks. Then type “active” in the other blank. You might not initially think to do  that because it’s not a full word. I personally didn’t like this question. Also it’s  not explicitly mentioned but look at slides 211-216. You have to make an  assumption

xv. Chemical only. Slide 214

xvi. 11. 3 positive ions out-2 positive ions in=1 charge difference for every cycle.  1X11=11. Slide 213

xvii. F. Passive transport requires no energy and no ATP at all. Slide 208 xviii. F. A plant cell turns flaccid in an isotonic solution, but there isn’t be any net loss  or gain of water. Slide 202

xix. Only option 1: Only a high solute concentration inside the cell means a low  solute concentration outside the cell, which is the meaning of “hypo” in  hypotonic solution. Options 2-4 are characteristics of hypertonic solutions. Slide  202

xx. Negative. Slide 236

xxi. Energy. Slide 228

xxii. Substrate, active. Slide 257

xxiii. T. Slide 251

xxiv. FAD. Slide 256

xxv. T. Any reaction that releases energy is exergonic. Slide 244

xxvi. Enzymes. Slide 257

xxvii. Exergonic. Slide 239

xxviii. F. Not always quickly but always without much energy input. Slide 236 xxix. Coenzymes. Slide 256

xxx. Oxidized. Slide 278

xxxi. 3. Slide 280

xxxii. Reduced. Slide 272

xxxiii. F. Hydrolysis is breakdown. Dehydration synthesis is creation. Slide 293 xxxiv. Absence. Slide 298

xxxv. Only glycolysis. Slide 298

xxxvi. Obligate. Slide 303 talks about anaerobes and I had to assume a similar term for  aerobes

xxxvii. Oxidative phosphorylation. Slide 289

xxxviii. Oxygen. Slide 290

xxxix. Chemiosmosis. Slide 292-294

xl. Pyruvate, ATP, and NADH. 2 molecules of each. Slide 281

xli. Night, day. Slide 335

xlii. F. Slide 333

xliii. All 3 pigments play a role. Slide 307

xliv. F. Slide 336

xlv. F. ATP and NADPH made during light reactions are later used in the Calvin Cycle.  Light reactions happen before Calvin cycle. Slide 329

xlvi. Light, 680. Slide 319

xlvii. Someone told me the answer to this question is typing “Excited” and making  sure you capitalize it. I had already tried “excited” and got it wrong. Look at  Slide 317 and some slides before and after

xlviii. CO2. Slide 331

xlix. F. Slide 332-333

l. Reduced. Slide 315

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