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UOP - HIST 040 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UOP - HIST 040 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: University of the Pacific
Department: Engineering
Course: Colonialism in Latin America
Professor: Laura Gutiérrez
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Latin American History
Name: HIST 040 Mid Term Study Guide
Description: HIST 040: Colonialism in Latin America includes key terms, their definitions and their correlation to the class
Uploaded: 10/11/2018
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background image Midterm Study Guide IDs: There will be 8 on the midterm. For each ID, identify what the term refers to, and 
then explain its significance in the context of the class. These should no longer 2­3 
sentences. (5 points each)       [1. What is it?; 2. How does it relate to the class?]   Mesoamerica A culturally unified geographic 
area (includes central and 
southern Mexico and most of 
Central America north of the 
isthmus of Panama)
Olmecs (1200­1400 BC), 
Teotihuacán (100 BC ­ 700 AD), 
Toltecs (10th century), and Maya 
(200 AD ­ arrival of Spaniards)
Machu Pichu Built for Inca emperor Pachacuti  Located 50 miles north of Cuzco  Built in mid­1400s but discovered
until 1911
Teotihuacán (Aztecs) A Mesoamerican city located 
north of Mexico City 
Worship of Quetzalcoatl; a 
feathered serpent god 
Tenochtitlán Capital city for the Aztecs 
(Mexico City today) built on top of
Lake Texcoco 
Iztá Linguistically different people 
linked to the city of Mayapan 
Remained independent until 1697 Chac Mool Reclining figure found at Toltec, 
Aztec, and Maya ruins 
A characteristic Toltec sculpture 
of a figure holding on his stomach
a bowl to receive sacrifices Triple Alliance Alliance between Mexica, 
Texcoco, & Tlacopan which led to
the conquering of Azcapotzalco
Flower Wars Ritual conflicts that ended in 
sacrifices 
Between Aztecs and neighbors Mita (Inca) Rotational labor tax that every 
ayllu had to provide 
Quipu Multicolored, colored strings that 
served as memory aids
Huacas Sacred items or places  Mestizaje Term for mixture of races Encomienda A grant authority over a group of 
Indians
Carried obligation to Christianize 
and protect them in exchange for 
labor services and/or tribute
Bartolomé de las Casas “Defender and Apostle to the 
Indians”
Involved in the conquest of the 
West Indies 
Became a vocal opponent of the 
enslavement and abuse of 
indigenous people
Atahualpa
background image Inca ruler of Cajamarca The Broken Spears Requerimiento (the Requirement) A statement read to Indians 
before battle urging them to 
accept Christianity and allegiance
to the Castilian Crown; their 
failure to do so justified war on 
them 
Florentine Codex  12 book that describe Aztec life 
before the Spanish conquest
Spiritual conquest Our Lady of Los Remedios The Great Debate Debate to discuss the treatments 
of a colonized people
Audencia A high court and advisory body to
a regional chief executive in the 
Spanish colonies
Columbian exchange travel of people, animals, 
diseases, goods, plants, 
technology, etc. between Europe,
Africa, and the Americas
Castas A person of mixed racial 
background 
A system of racial classification Black Legend Jesuit expulsion Tells us a lot about the 
exploitation of indigenous people
Protected the indigenous people 
to not become slaves
Syncretism La Otra Conquista New Laws of 1542 Mission system Cofradías A lay religious brotherhood Group of lay members in society 
that handled the care of religious 
images, ceremonies, pilgrimages,
etc. 
Convents An important aspect of colonial 
society
Diego de Landa Auto­de­fé An act of faith  A public or private event at which 
the Inquisition decreed 
punishment of transgressions
Maroons Runaway slaves  Toussaint Louverture Former slave who gained 
freedom and began to 
accumulate property 
Became the leader in revolutions Manumission The act of an owner freeing 
his/her slaves
Limpieza de Sangre Targeting Jewish and Muslims

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School: University of the Pacific
Department: Engineering
Course: Colonialism in Latin America
Professor: Laura Gutiérrez
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Latin American History
Name: HIST 040 Mid Term Study Guide
Description: HIST 040: Colonialism in Latin America includes key terms, their definitions and their correlation to the class
Uploaded: 10/11/2018
4 Pages 34 Views 27 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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