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CSU - PSY 210 - PSY 210 Study Guide 2 - Study Guide

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CSU - PSY 210 - PSY 210 Study Guide 2 - Study Guide

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background image PSY210 Study Guide #2 Contents Fear Not, Child (reading).............................................................................................................1Notes for “How Effective is Psychotherapy Reading”...................................................................2Notes for Supershrinks................................................................................................................2Therapists: what matters?............................................................................................................2RCT’s...........................................................................................................................................3Dr. Phil Approach.........................................................................................................................4Strategies.....................................................................................................................................4Psychoanalytic/Psychodynamic...................................................................................................5Jungian Notions...........................................................................................................................6Behaviorism.................................................................................................................................6Cognitive Therapy........................................................................................................................7Examples of Cognitive “Errors”....................................................................................................7Humanism/Client­Centered..........................................................................................................8Gestalt Therapy...........................................................................................................................8Existentialism...............................................................................................................................9Acceptance and Commitment Therapy........................................................................................9Positive Psychology...................................................................................................................10 You can use the table of contents to skip to certain topics, ctrl+click on the title of the section 
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NOTES ON READINGS Please keep in mind that these notes are very brief and reflect key ideas from the readings. Not 
all readings have been included in this study guide, so make sure to reference your own notes on 
them as well. Fear Not, Child (reading) CBT differs from traditional talk therapy, in that instead of investigating the roots of the  issues, it focuses on discussing the effects it has on the client’s life. 
background image CBT believes that anxiety is caused partly by genes, ad partly by learned patterns of thought  and behavior, thus focuses on unlearning those behaviors. In this orientation thought emotions are seen as being influencers of behavior, in that poor  thoughts can lead to poor self­image and increased stress and anxiety Notes for “How Effective is Psychotherapy Reading” Randomized Clinical Trials  (a.k.a. “efficacy studies”) are the “gold standard” of outcome  research **Terms to know from article  Multiple Regression:  Determines the best predictor(s) of an outcome Statistical Significance : Answers the question: could these results have  occurred by chance? Clinical Significance : Answers the question: are these results of  Clinical importance? Notes for Supershrinks Does therapist effectiveness depend on training, experience, or theoretical orientation? Do ineffective therapists know they’re ineffective? What do ‘supershrinks’ do that others don’t? Do the authors advocate talking about effectiveness with clients? Therapists: what matters? Need facilitative skills: Specifically: o Ability to build rapport and alliance 2
background image o Build communication and harmonious relationship o Warmth, genuineness o Ability to read and identify emotions o Verbal fluency and changes in tone RCT’s If a study has  internal validity , that means we can be confident it was the I.V. that caused the  change in the D.V. What gives us this confidence? o The fact that the sample is random and there is a control group provided to  compare to Why do RCTs? o High internal validity, help us to see what works Common “Placebos” in therapy RTC: o Wait­List controls o Non­directive therapy (Empathic Attention) – not a true therapy session, but the  ability to talk with an individual who will listen. Better comparison, but harder to pull off, some people may catch onto the  fact that nothing is being done specifically. o Dismantled interventions – good for testing specific components of an  intervention. In MDR  If a study has  external validity,  the results can be generalized to a wider population. 3

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School: Colorado State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Psychology of the Individual
Professor: Elise Bascomb
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: PSY210, Midterm Study Guide, Psychotherapy, Therapies, and Psychological
Name: PSY 210 Study Guide 2
Description: This study guide covers types of therapy, as well as including some notes on the readings from class, to help prepare for our upcoming exam.
Uploaded: 10/12/2018
11 Pages 336 Views 268 Unlocks
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