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UBC - PSYC 101 - Class Notes - Week 2

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UBC - PSYC 101 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: University of British Columbia
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to biology and cognitive psychology
Professor: Lesley Schimanzki
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Name: PYSC101
Description: Capter 2 is covered in these notes
Uploaded: 10/13/2018
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background image 9/13/18 1 PSYC 101 TOPIC 2 THINKING CRITICALLY WITH PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE OUTLINE 1. Research Strategies: How Psychologists  Ask and Answer Questions 2. Statistical Reasoning in Everyday Life
background image 9/13/18 2 GOALS OF PSYCHOLOGY Assessment of behavior: Describe: Describe or  report what is observed Explain: Organize and  understand observations  of behaviors Predict: Predict behaviors  or outcomes   Control: Use research  findings to shape, modify,   and control behavior This is done methodically and scientifically! ASSESSING BEHAVIOR REQUIRES  CRITICAL THINKING The Problem:  Much of our thinking, left to  itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed,  or prejudiced.  The Critical Thinker – key aspects: 1. Is open to new ideas Is willing to discuss other perspectives 2. Is skeptical: actively questions statements,  rather than blindly accepts them
Weighs pieces of evidence Synthesizes different ideas Adapted from http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/defining-critical-thinking/766 curiosity skepticism
background image 9/13/18 3 1. Pioneering
2. Enthusiastic
3. Courageous
4. Stable
5. Stubborn
6. Organized
7. Intellectual
8. Adaptable
9. Clever
10.Sensitive
11.Nurturing
12.Sympathetic
13.Extroverted
14.Generous
15.Authoritative
16.Critical
17.Exacting
18.Intelligent
19.Harmonizing
20.Just
21.Sociable
22.Secretive
23.Strong
24.Passionate
25.Honest
26.Impulsive
27.Optimistic
28.Ambitious
29.Hard working
30.Cautious
31.Original
32.Open minded
33.Independent
34.Kind
35.Creative
A PERSONALITY TEST USING SELF-ASSESSMENT 1-3: Aries 4-6: Taurus 7-9: Gemini 10-12: Cancer 13-15: Leo 16-18: Virgo 19-21: Libra 22-24: Scorpio 25-27: Sagittarius 28-30: Capricorn 31-33: Aquarius 34, 35, 10: Pisces DID YOU GET ALL THREE FOR YOUR SIGN? What does this suggest about 
the validity of astrology?
background image 9/13/18 4 People tend to selectively  remember those things that fit  their expectations and ignore the  rest People tend to believe positive  descriptions of themselves Barnum effect Overly general descriptions HOW IS IT SO EASY TO BELIEVE ASTROLOGY?? Uncritical Acceptance Confirmation Bias In the late 1980s a skeptic in Kansas City went to five professional astrologers giving as his 
own the birth data and computer-calculated birth chart of John Gacy, one of the worst 
convicted serial killers in American history. They described him as having a "well rounded 
personality", that he could "offer a good role model" and that he would "be excellent for 
working around young people" (which is precisely the group that Gacy specialised in 
murdering).  Students who had been told the readings were of their own chart rated them  as accurate. "Astrology on Death Row!” Indian Skeptic 1989, Vol 1 (11) Adapted from  PSEUDOPSYCHOLOGY Franz Joseph Gall: phrenology Theory: structure of skull reveals  personality Functions of the mind and 
character traits are located in 
various parts of the brain Although misguided – motivated 
actual scientific research on 
brain region functions Other pseudopsychologies?? Definition: A false system of beliefs,  or one that lacks scientific basis.

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School: University of British Columbia
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to biology and cognitive psychology
Professor: Lesley Schimanzki
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Name: PYSC101
Description: Capter 2 is covered in these notes
Uploaded: 10/13/2018
20 Pages 70 Views 56 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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