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UCD / Philosophy / Phi 001 / What is descartes goal in the first meditation?

What is descartes goal in the first meditation?

What is descartes goal in the first meditation?

Description

School: University of California - Davis
Department: Philosophy
Course: Intro to Philosophy
Professor: George mattey
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: methodofdoubt and senses
Cost: 25
Name: Philosophy
Description: Notes on Descartes assigned in class:) Meditations 1/2 concepts like method of doubt, sense deception, wax example, etc.
Uploaded: 10/19/2018
2 Pages 38 Views 6 Unlocks
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Meditations Rene Descartes (1600)We also discuss several other topics like What do organophosphates do to the body?

Brennah Girton

First Meditation

On what can be called into doubtIf you want to learn more check out What do animal cells have for protection of their cell?

Sceptic of his own knowledge, his beliefs were based on “doubtful structure”

If you want to learn more check out What is social psychology?

Purpose

  • Set aside free time to “demolish [his] opinions and create a new foundation”
  • He’s not looking are undoubtedly true, he just wants to find “some reason for doubt”

We also discuss several other topics like What is animal diversification?
If you want to learn more check out What are the causes of adhd?

Method of doubt base 

  • He goes to his principle beliefs first because “ once the foundation of a building have been undermined, the rest collapse of its own accord”

Method of doubt

  • He is trying to build a new / stronger foundation. Most of what he believes is true has come through his own sense but he is even sceptic of those because he has been deceived before.

Sense of  deception

  • He goes back and forth arguing to himself about trusting his senses with reasoning like he is sitting in front of the fire, but he could also dream that but actually be in bed.

Method of doubt

  • With this he discovers there is no reliable way of distinguishing being awake from asleep

[God, extension of body, etc.?]Don't forget about the age old question of How social status has a powerful effect on people?

Dream argument

  • He wants to counter balance the weight of his old opinion with new beliefs

Method of doubt

  • He is going to force himself to believe that his body (eyes, arms, feet, etc) are all fictitious and derived from some demon and not a god. “Like a prisoner dreaming he is free…”
  • Evil demon

Lecture notes on meditation 1

Beliefs manufactured from senses - empirical belief

Descartes is considered a foundationalist

JTB Theory of Knowledge

(Justified True Belief)

Belief - you have to at least be aware of it / have some relation to it, and actually believe ot

True - you can't know false things, must be true

Justification - you have to have a true belief with an account, a good account

(REALLY IMPORTANT FOR DESCARTES)

For Descartes, in order for his knowledge to be justified it must be indubitable

Method of doubt

  • Any doubt, throw it out no matter how far fetched the doubt is

I THINK THEREFORE I AM!

Meditation Descartes

2nd Meditation:

The nature of the Human mind and how it is better known than the body

He took anything he could find even the slightest bit of doubt and took it as completely false until he could find something certain - OR until he became certain there is no certainty

Real*

He comes to the conclusion that the proposition “I am, I exist, must be true whenever assert it or think it”

But he still doesn't properly understand this “I” then he starts to doubt everything about himself until he finds things that are certain

He is a man. What is a man? Rational Animal

What is an animal? What is rational?

“Ea. question would lead me on to other still harder ones…”

Prior beliefs he is deducting

1st belief: I had face, arms, hands … “the body”

2nd belief: I ate and drank, moved about, engaged in sense - perception and thinking - these things are done by “the soul”

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