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GWU / Political Science / PSC 1001 / Define constructivism.

Define constructivism.

Define constructivism.

Description

School: George Washington University
Department: Political Science
Course: Introduction to Comparative Politics
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Cost: 25
Name: Intro to Comparative Politics, Week 9
Description: Covers the material taught on 10/23 & 10/25
Uploaded: 10/28/2018
2 Pages 95 Views 4 Unlocks
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SecularizationDon't forget about the age old question of Define coal plantsare.

Modernization

Stenner’s exploration on the roots of intolerance and psychological predisposition: police group boundaries; reject differences ( fear of the other), ethnic and rationalist conflict| alternative exploration for the rise of populist / authoritarian leadersIf you want to learn more check out How many valence electron does a nitrogen have?

Cause of politics or political identity: spectrum from primordialism and constructivism

Primordialism: physically embeddedWe also discuss several other topics like How a mineral interacts with light ?

Spontaneous

Inflexive (across us and generations)

Ex: yugoslavia: after the collapse of the communist block federation with multiple regions. Breakup in 1998 “ ancient hatreds” emerging at the time rooting from decades ago

Don't forget about the age old question of What are the dynamics of day labor?

Constructivism

  • Identities as malleable entities that people can choose; importance of the social context and elites
  • Role of elites: significant actors in social, political economic spheres
  • They influence and manipulate the public (media and propaganda) thus activate identities and mobilize actions

        Ex: yugoslavia hatred “reminded” by elites like the president of serbiaDon't forget about the age old question of Enumerate the types of collisions.

Primordialism view is static and neglect elite’s role

Constructivism  emphasize choice and gives too much power to elitesIf you want to learn more check out Define calorimeter.

Stenner and authoritarianism: primordial view:

  • Psychological predispositions, heritability of political views

Constructivism: need to be activated by elites who push the button by claiming moral, safety threats; ethnic groups; gender roles; secularization; LGBTQ rigths; immigration; crisis of leadership etc.

  • Identities are the lifeblood of politics

Debates analysis: fixed not equal malleable and the of elites

Religion and Politics

(Power and influence of religion? etc)

Religion is a political identity, a latent identity but that can be mobilized. It is opened to joiners (most of the time); tied with ideas

  • Relationship with other religion (conflict)
  • Relationship to political identity
  • Are they fixed or malleable

It has a tremendous organization power => civil society

Christianity as the largest religion in the world and islamclose second (and expanding) and remain a dynamic force.

Modernization theory: predicts secularization and a rationalist view - science; individualism and materialism

Evidence for europe = atheism

Religion and tith

  • Evidence of a negative correlation between economic development and religious practice. But religion is growing in many places (global increase and devoutness raise)
  • New or more intense forms of belief => pentecostalism sub-shalom shia’s revival

Religion’s effect on politics

  • Source of divisions; across faiths (Eg: nigeria and moon_; within faiths (fundamentalism not equal to reform); secular not equal to religions

Fosters conflict?

  • Total absolutism; destabilization regimes? ( who has political control?); compatibility with democracy? (yes or no) - see god winning? Reading

Religion and Democracy

  • Some are more compatible?
  • Yes = primordialist perspective (assumes static religious views)

Religions that are less compatible?

Catholicism

  • Latin america - authorization regimes raise
  • But democratic transit = decline that argument

Confucianism: Asia

Islam: middle east

  • No tradition of democracy
  • Effects of resource wise and other influential geopolitical factors

People’s attitudes towards homosexualities

  • Are products of social occurrences and context within countries.

More freedom = more religion?

  • Correlations between religion and 3rd world of democratization
  • Freedom => more room for religion (communism decline)

Religion as a potent force in politics

  • Complex relationship with modernization and regime
  • Debate spectrum

Gender gap reserved seats party candidates quotas

Ethnicity, gender and LGBTQ identities

        Eg. 2013 Russina anti-gay propaganda law

Connecting identity and politics:

  • How do these groups gain a voice in politics?
  • How ≠ kinds of identities get heard? (gender ethnicity LGBTQ)

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