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TEXAS STATE / Political Science / POSI 2310 / What are the early limits on voting rights?

What are the early limits on voting rights?

What are the early limits on voting rights?

Description

School: Texas State University
Department: Political Science
Course: Principles of American Government
Term: Fall 2018
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Cost: 50
Name: Topic 3 Study guide
Description: Covers material from topic 3
Uploaded: 10/28/2018
9 Pages 54 Views 3 Unlocks
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Political Participation: American  Political Culture  


What are the early limits on voting rights?



What do we mean by American political  culture?

“A shared body of values and beliefs that shapes perceptions and attitudes  toward politics and government and, in turn, influences political behavior” “a shared body of values and beliefs”

∙ Rights of citizenship (life, liberty, and property)

∙ Obligations of citizenship (must obey law)

∙ Rules for participation in the political process ( 15th right for black men to vote,19th for women to vote and 26th right to vote at age 18) “shapes perceptions and attitude toward politics and government” ∙ Legitimacy  


What are the post-reconstruction practices?



∙ Sustenance – the way we are structure and we are okay with it  ∙ Alternatives

- Ineffectiveness  

- Forceful compliance  

“influences political behavior”

∙ About 55% vote in presidential elections (we have the least impact on  presidential elections)

∙ Less than 33% vote in congressional elections (have a bit more impact  on this election)  

∙ 20% do nothing all (eligible to vote)

∙ only 10% take full advantage of political participation  

EARLY LIMITS ON VOTING RIGHTS  

∙ property requirements  

∙ religious requirements


What are the benefits of voting?



∙ franchise (right to vote) for white males only  

post-reconstruction practices  Don't forget about the age old question of What is the full name for dna? rna?

∙ reconstruction form civil war  

∙ designed to impact black Americans  

∙ 13th abolition of slavery

∙ 14th 

∙ 15th black men right to vote  

∙ literacy tests

∙ grandfather clause (couldn’t vote unless their own grandfather could  vote before a certain year, this meant black men weren’t allowed) ∙ poll taxes  

∙ white primary (private party organization)

progressive reforms  

∙ signaled the decline of the political parties’ power  

∙ primary elections  

∙ voter registry laws

∙ secret ballots  We also discuss several other topics like Why is water a powerful solvent?

∙ nonpartisan ballots  

∙ women’s suffrage  

24th amendment-1964  

voting rights act of 1985- eliminated literacy tests  

why don’t people vote?

∙ Satisfaction  

∙ Turned off  

∙ Social mobility  

∙ Barriers to registration  

∙ Failure of parties  

∙ Rational calculation  

Role of public Opinion

• Definition – Aggregate (sum) of attitudes (feel about things) and opinions  (think about things) of individuals on a significant issue  

what we expect government to act based on our believes, how our political  views are formed

opinion polling  

• Origins of Political Opinions (Socialization: how we obtain opinions)  

 • Family – do you know what your parents are? republican?  Democratic? Do you think like them? This is the longest socialization you do.  It is where you grew up.

 • School- Education policy in Texas, state controls education, your civic education begins at grade 4  If you want to learn more check out What is the content of the nineteenth amendment?

 • Church- religion, line your values with politics

 • Generational Effects-depending what generation you’re from, what  matters to you might not be important to others from a different generation  

 • Media Influence- most people get their information about politic  things from the media  

Media  

• Definition – all forms of media that is used to deliver content. anything you  can see or hear involving news (television, music, newspaper, social media)

what do you think the political view of the media is?  

• Drivers  

 • Economic Interest

 • Professional Environment  

 • Ideological Leaning  

Sources of Media Power  

• News making  

 •Agenda Setting: how does the government know what’s important to  us? Media selects what is shown and that makes government select what to  do  

• Interpreting: they don’t give you raw news, they analyze and turn it into a  news story, you don’t decision if it is important or not the media does it for  you.  

• Socializing: they stimulate you, you think about it in the way it is presented to you

• Persuading: we are being tricked, be a critical thinker, challenge it  

when connect to the drivers, connects to media wanting good ratings and  make money

The Politics of the Media  If you want to learn more check out What is the definition of separation anxiety disorder?

What drives them?

• Sensationalism

• Negativism: sensational can be negative, in order to capture one’s  attention, we gravitate to more sensational which is also negative. “drunk  driving”

• Muckraking: how they view themselves in their professional environment  • “Watchdogs of the Public Trust”  We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of invisible sites?
If you want to learn more check out When is contact hypothesis utilized?

• Liberalism  

bullet points are connected to the effects of interest  

Political Participation  

Political Parties & Interest Groups  Political Parties  

Definition – Political organizations that function as intermediaries between  individuals and government to attain the goal of getting their members  elected.  

Why a Two-Party System?  

Cultural Consensus

 • Historical Precedents  

 • Core Values

 • Central Policy  

Electoral Rules

 • Winner-Take-All vs. Proportional Representation  

Restrictions on Minor Parties  

 • Ballot Access  

 • Public Funding

 Views  

Republican  

∙ Traditional values  

∙ Status quo  

∙ Public order – stiffer penalties for criminals  ∙ Free market

Democrat  

∙ Optimistic view of human nature  

∙ Favor change  

∙ Supportive of civil  

rights  

∙ Favor regulation  

Third Parties in the U.S.  

 • Ideological Parties libertarians   • Protest Parties populists  • Single-Issue Parties green party   • Splinter Parties progressives The “Responsible” Party Model  

• Adopt a platform

• Recruit candidates

• Inform and educate the public  

• Organize and direct campaigns

• Organize the legislature

• Accountability  

Does it work?

Failure of Traditional Party Functions  

• Winning wins over principle

• No incentive to take strong policy positions

• Candidates selected in primary elections

• Campaigns managed by professional organizations

• No method to bind elected officials to party platform.  

Interest Groups  

Definition – Political organizations that function as intermediaries between  individuals and government seeking to influence governmental policy.  

Why Interest Groups Form  

1) Protect Economic Interests  

2) Advance Social Movements  

3) Seek Government Benefits  

4) Respond to Government Regulation  

Organized Interests in Washington  Business and Trade Organizations  

 ➢Most numerous – more than 50%  

 ➢Superlobby – The Business Roundtable  

Professional Associations  

 ➢15%  

➢ABA & AMA

Organized Labor  

 ➢AFL-CIO

Organized Interests Cont’d  

Farm Organizations

➢Large inclusive groups – National Grange  

 ➢Specialized groups – National Milk Producers  

Women’s Organizations  

 ➢National Organization for Women  

Religious Groups

➢Christian Coalition

➢American-Israel Public Affairs Committee  

Organized Interests Cont’d  

Public Interest Groups Single Issue Groups  

 - Common Cause - National Abortion  Rights Action League  

Washington’s Top 10  

1) Microsoft Corp  

2) Electroimpact Inc  

3) Zumiez Inc  

4) Puyallup Tribe of Indians  

5) Schweitzer Engineering Labs  

6) DaVita HealthCare Partners

7) University of Washington  

8) Amazon.Com  

9) Far Star Ventures  

10) Cooper House  

Interest Group Tactics  

•Direct Lobbying Techniques  

 • Public Relations

 • Access

 • Information  

Tactics Continued  

•Indirect Lobbying Techniques

 • Grass-Roots Mobilization

 • Molding Public and Elite Opinion  

 • Coalition Building  

Tactics Continued  

• Protests  

 •WTO  

•Civil Disobedience  

 • Peaceful, but illegal

 • Civil Rights Movement  

Political Parties & Interest Groups  

Both are intermediary organization that operation between the people and  government to accomplish their goals

Political parties  

Definition- political organizations that function as intermediaries between  individuals and government to attain the goal of getting their members  elected

-party as an organization

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