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UGA - JOUR 3030 - Class Notes - Week 7

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UGA - JOUR 3030 - Class Notes - Week 7

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background image WEEK 7 Notes for JOUR 3030   
 
★ Journalism and newspapers:      ● Both of these have been and are critical in the United States   ○ Note that they’re not one in the same but  ​intertwined  ○ Also note that the notion of objectivity has  ​changed over time    ● Major Technological Changes for newspapers:   ■ Cylinder press (1830) → Rotary press (1840s) → Linotype  machine (1880s, allowed for quicker production and automated 
typesetting so ENTIRE lines of type could be set) → Computers 
(1970s, now the REPORTERS set type… before the reporters 
would just write the information and then a typesetter would set all 
the type for production)  
  ● History of Journalism   ○ Yellow Journalism → not the best type of journalism, profit-driven  ■ “Scary” headlines 
■ Pictures and imagery (full of color to draw attention to the story, 
like comic strips)   ■ Fake interviews 
■ Dramatic sympathy with “underdog” in the spotlight  
  ○ Hearst v. Pulitzer   ■ 1883 → Pulitzer buys New York World publication  
■ 1896 → Hearst buys New York Morning journal  
● They were fighting a circulation war 
● Note that Hearst had a strong political agenda and aspired 
to be a U.S. president while Pulitzer was the more 
“behind-the-scenes” guy  
○ Muckrakers → exposed corporate America and corruption of U.S. public  life   ■ A product of not sensational writers but investigative reporters 
■ This was when trusts were legal, social security and life insurance 
didn’t exist, and there was no emphasis on living conditions   ○ New Journalism (1960) → Also known as Gonzo journalism   ■ Activist-fueled and participatory  
background image ■ Does more than report facts… the author ACTIVELY participates  in the story (so the journalist can actually enter the story, 
something that had never been done before)  
● Objectivity is still important!     - Note: make sure to be at least familiar with specific names of journalists, what type of 
journalist they were and what kind of work they did  
 
○ WW1 → impacted dynamics of journalism… be familiar with the following  terms:   ■ Voluntary Censorship Codes 
■ Espionage Act of 1917 
■ Sedition Act of 1918 
○ WW2 → know the name Margaret Bourke-White  ■ She was the first woman allowed into combat and was a war  correspondent   ● Known for her powerful photography  
● She photographed Buchenwald, a concentration camp  
  MCCARTHYISM  = VERY IMPORTANT    ● McCarthy was a republican senator who fueled his political campaign with  lies and hysteria regarding communism   ○ “Red Channel” → McCarthy claimed to have a list of all the people  working in federal government that were “communist”   ■ People believed him, and anti-communist suspicion was at  an alltime high   ■ People lost their jobs, were threatened, and became  depressed because of McCarthy’s claims  
 
○ Edward Murrow ​​ → protects people from McCarthy’s claims   ■ On Murrow’s show  “See It Now”  he would call out all the  lies and rumors McCarthy was spreading   ■ Eventually Murrow shut down McCarthy’s campaign and  people stopped believing his crazy claims  
 
○ Why is this important in regards to journalism?   ■ Reporters covered basically anything that had to do with  politics  ■ McCarthy new reporters were writing on a strict deadline  and wanted news that would sell and keep the audience’s 
attentions  

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School: University of Georgia
Department: Journalism Core
Course: Media, News and Consumers
Professor: John Soloski
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: movabletype, journalism, JOUR3030, Media, News, news literacy, mccarthyism, Communism, red, Scare, RedScare, yellowJournalism, and muckrakers
Name: Week 7 Notes JOUR 3030
Description: Notes covering a brief history of journalism, from the invention of movable type to McCarthyism.
Uploaded: 10/29/2018
3 Pages 89 Views 71 Unlocks
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