Chapter 23-26 study guide "normalcy."- Harding returning to things as normal
"Okies"- Families fleeing OK searching for work, treated poorly since they were unwanted
1932 American unemployment- 25%
Albert Fall- Teapot dome scandal, sold out oil reserves for bribes
Anschluss- Union of Austria & Hungary, Hitler instigated b/c they share German culture
Anti-Semitism- hostility to Jews, active or passive
Appeasement- give Germany land in effort to diffuse war that was still upcoming, used by British PM Chamberlin
Arsenal of Democracy- FDR speech struggle between fascist regimes vs. liberal democracies for human rights. US needs to be arsenal of democracy w/ isolation
Atlantic Charter- US & Britain meet on battleship for their war aims against Nazis w/ no hidden clauses + colonialism is dead
We also discuss several other topics like What are the discrete random variables?
Battle of Britain- Germans need to get air over the channel. Britain could see Germans from the sea and ambush them.
Braceros- Mexican nationals allowed to cross the border to work in the US Civil Conservation Corps- hire young men for jobs to build infrastructure/parks
Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)- rivaled AFL including women and minorities
Consumer culture and radio in the 1920s- American voice through community bonding of being connected through the radio
D-Day, June 6, 1944- Allied forced under Eisenhower command combated Germans out of Normandy
Dust bowl- Drought in US along w/ farmers income decline from loss of topsoil
Economic problems of the late 1920s- lack of diversification in economy, maldistribution of purchasing power, credit structure of banks investing in risky loans, and declining exports
Every Man a King’- Huey Long’s slogan for his share your wealth plan Fascism- individual lives are dedicated to the state and the state purposes If you want to learn more check out In visual arts, drawing is an image made by what?
FDR packing the Supreme Court- SC disagrees w/ FDR's policies then FDR added justices for them to agree w/ him
FDR’s "first hundred days"- economic recovery focus: FDIC, Security & Exchange Commission, Works Program
FDR’s bank holiday- closes banks for 4 days to discuss reform and print out more $$
Fireside chats- explained gov’t programs/plans helping public confidence in gov’t Fordism- assembly line known for extreme efficiency
Franklin D. Roosevelt- won presidency w/ “New Deal” campaign, paralyzed by polio but reporters would not report this out of respect We also discuss several other topics like What are the things required for diagnosis?
Presidential Election of 1932- FDR vs. Hoover, FDR wins w/ New Deal campaign and D’s in both houses
German invasion of Poland in 1939- causes Britain & France to declare war on Germany for violating Munich conference to not expand further
Glass-Steagall Act- bank deposits up to $2,500
Guernica- Nazi terror bombing during Spanish civil war to take picture before & after to see how effective bombing is We also discuss several other topics like Lewis dot structures diagrams show what?
Hollywood and the Depression- Escapist retreat from harsh realities of life Hoovervilles- unemployment towns blaming Hoover for the crisis Huey P. Long- share-our-wealth plan to redistribute surplus from wealthy w/ taxes
Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor- US preoccupied w/ Japanese movements in pacific & believed Hawaii was too far for Japan. Japanese bombed US naval base -> US forces greatly diminished in Pacific If you want to learn more check out What purpose does ventral stream serve?
Keynesian economic theory- gov’t as the employer of last resort
Kondor Legion- Nazi air force & army who fought w/ the nationalists during Spanish civil war We also discuss several other topics like What are the advantages and disadvantages of death penalty?
League of Nations Agreement- assembly of nations to meet to debate means of solving disputes & keeping peace (later proved ineffective)
Lend-Lease Act- sell, lend, or lease arms to nations vital to US defense; ends US neutrality
London blitz- German offensive bombing of Britain city. Winston Churchill -moral outrage
∙ Bomb Berlin in retaliation -> Terror campaigns in British cities for Nazi’s relief
Maginot line- high tech fort in France along German border, Germans come through forest making the line useless
Miracle at Dunkirk- British troops stranded here, Germans tanks stop outside of town because of worn down. British people flocked to try to save troops from out of Dunkirk through sailing on the channel.
National Recovery Act- Poorly written pro labor codes and codes keeping things the same for major businesses. Unions couldn’t get recognition. Causes decline in production w/ slight increase in prices
NBC radio program Amos ‘n' Andy- 2 white males played stereotypical roles of blacks, giving comedic relief. First radio performers to build structure for others to follow, gave radio more entertainment.
Neville Chamberlain- PM of Britain after Churchill known for Munich agreement
Nuremberg trials- Jewish blood is disease and harvest eugenics to find out who is/isn’t German
Operation Overlord- Allies successfully invade German taken-over Normandy to prove they can defeat Hitler
President Truman and the Atomic Bomb- Truman saw a weapon that could end the war so didn’t think to not use it
Prohibition- reduced drinking in some regions, also produced growing violations making law fail
Roosevelt's Executive Order 9066- Authorized the removal of people from military areas as deemed necessary. Military considered west coast military area, forcing Japanese Americans into harsh living conditions.
Stab in the Back myth- Germany never had another country invade them -> forced to give up = Jews were to blame
Stock Market Crash- no artificial meaning behind the stocks
Sudetenland- Land annexed to Germany after Munich conference, which was Czechoslovakia border regions
Tennessee Valley Authority- obligated utilizes to build damns to generate electric power & sell @ reasonable rate
The "Big Three" or "Grand Alliance"- FDR (US), Churchill (Britain), & Stalin (USSR)
The Agricultural Adjustment Act- end agriculture surplus of crop products. They raised farm product prices favoring big farms, causes landowners reduced acres b/c sharecropping
The America First Committee- Mostly Republicans wanting America to be the first priority (Isolationalism)
The Bonus Army- march to DC to get check from WWI service -> Hoover had army & police remove vets = Failure for Hoover
The National Origins Act of 1924- banned immigration from East Asia, 2% quota of nationality allowed in US if already existing
The San Francisco general strike of 1934- Major US port city completely shut down from strike, brought political & economic power to labor unions (Wagner Act)
The Scopes Monkey Trial- Scopes taught evolution (breaking Tennessee law to teach against bible) then arrested, then fundamentalist discontinued political activism and hid away from mainstream
The second Ku Klux Klan- opposed blacks, catholic, Jews, and foreigners (nativism), supported traditionalist fundamentalist morals
United Nations Charter- created at the end of WW2 to keep peace and uphold human rights of citizens & set out to achieve higher standard of living
Warren G. Harding- corrupt w/ gambling, women, and alcohol. Passive R president
Works Progress Administration- work relief for the unemployed by constructing public buildings + transportation = $ into the economy and a job