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UTSA / Political Science / POLS 1133 / What are party eras?

What are party eras?

What are party eras?


School: University of Texas at San Antonio
Department: Political Science
Course: Texas Politics and Society
Professor: Badih elarba
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: POL1133, texaspolitics, test3, and UTSA
Cost: 50
Name: Test 3 study guide
Description: This study guide covers everything from the review handed out in class, in addition to court cases and book content.
Uploaded: 11/03/2018
6 Pages 15 Views 11 Unlocks

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Test 3 Study Guide

What are party eras?

Chapter 7

RTV- Right to vote, very valued.

Basic forms of political participation- mentioning voting, groups, protests, running  for office, financing a campaign, and wearing/displaying things political.  

Retrospective voting: to vote for or against candidate based on past  performances in office

Statistically, TX votes less than most states in country. ¼ of TX doesn’t vote- 28.5  voter turnout 

∙ Traditionalistic & Individualistic mindset + Past office holders Verba & Nie on voter participation: Don't forget about the age old question of What does charge mean?

1. Inactive: don’t do anything at all

2. Voting Specialists: only vote

3. Pro Participants: only participant if it affects them

What is de jure discrimination?

If you want to learn more check out What does hominin mean?

4. Campaigners: Go to vote about controversies  

5. Communalists: Don’t like controversial activities

6. Complete Activists: do everything

7. Unclassified

Social networks increased voter participation in recent years.  

Highest voter turnout is White and African American and lowest turnout are Asian  American and Hispanic of any race.  

∙ Non-Hispanic whites>Minority groups in voting & registering  Don't forget about the age old question of What does it mean when a firm has comparative advantage?
We also discuss several other topics like What are demographic measures?

VEP (voting eligible population) & VAP different (voting age population, population  18+)

Measure voter participation by VEP, which is calculated by correcting VAP to  eliminate ineligible groups, such as noncitizens and convicted felons.

What are the 4 types of elections?

Why we vote

Give citizens a voice Don't forget about the age old question of What is linear electron flow?

Holds office holders  accountable We also discuss several other topics like Give an example of interest rate and bonds.

Advocate fof beliefs

Why we don't  vote

Too busy/lazy

"vote doesn't count"

Doesn't affect me/Don't care Vote too often

Dejure Discrimination  

 ∙     Poll taxes- 24th amendment abolished in 1964 

∙ Literacy tests- Voting Rights Act of 1965 abolished

∙ White primaries- Smith v. Allwright: can’t prevent minorities from  participating

∙ Grandfather clauses- vote if grandfather was eligible to vote – Guinn v. US:  clause violated 15th amendment

Universal Suffrage- 18+ can vote from 26th amendment in 1971.  ∙ 1918 suffrage in TX elections, 1920 women suffrage in US.

Qualifications to vote

∙ Native born or naturalized citizen  

∙ 18 on election day  

∙ Resident of state & county for 30 days before election, resident of district on  election day

∙ Registered voter 30 days before election  

∙ Not convicted felon (unless sentence, etc. is finished)  

∙ Mentally competent  

7 acceptable forms of gov’t issued photo ID, or provide other forms of identification  such as birth certificate, bills, etc. by signing “reasonable impediment”  

For bilingual ballots to be printed- More than 5% or 10,000 VAP within the precinct. Early voting opens 17-4 days before election, vote as usual

Absentee voting - request or apply for their mail-in ballot more than 17 days before  election. And marked ballots must be return to the voting clerk and received by  7pm on election date.

National voter registration a.k.a. Motor Voter Act

Chapter 8

“Jacksonian” democracy

How to campaign & win in TX

∙ Self run (announce)

∙ Have a message

∙ Image

∙ Raise money

∙ National/ state local party support

∙ Understand & reach the voters

Media plays a big role in the portrayal of candidates, so candidates try to shine  themselves in the most positive light

4 Types of elections  

Primary, Runoff, General, Referendum/Special- recall, bond, proposed laws

Primaries- choose candidates who will run in general election Held on the 2nd Tuesday in March of even numbered years

States have caucuses to meet and vote in the open

∙ Filing fee $3,750- to run for statewide office in primary or general election Required for political parties that receive 20% of the vote in gubernational elections

Semi-open primaries in TX - don’t have to register w/ a party to vote (open), but  primaries are private (closed) so then you must pick a side

Parties administer the elections, closed to those choosing to vote in their primary Little to no representation  

Democratic party previously supported white primaries in TX

Runoff- if no candidates receives a majority of the vote

Voter turnout lower than primary

General- every 2 years on nonpresidential years

Highest voter turnout 

Ballots include candidates nominated in primaries + submitted petitions signed by  registered voters  

∙ Registered/Minority parties must obtain 5%-19% of vote in previous  governors’ election

Independent candidate- person whose name appears on the ballot wo/ political  party  

to run for statewide office, candidate must file a petition w/ specified # of  signatures- must collect 1% of the total previous governors’ election and must do so by January 2nd of the year of the election

∙ Signers must be a registered voter and must not have participated in the  primary elections of other parties in that electoral cycle

∙ “Sore loser” law- a person who lost the primary vote from running as an  independent candidate

Write-in candidate- A person whose name does not appear on the ballot; voters  must write in that person’s name, and the person must have led a formal notice  that he or she was a write-in candidate before the election  

Referendum or Special Elections 

Non-candidate elections, proposed constitutional amendments, bond, & recall ∙ One contest- to fill in a vacancy

State & local elections  

city council, mayor, municipal, & school board

Very low turnout but are important

Bond elections

Bonds subject to approval by voters since voters will be taxed to pay for a public  agency/state gov’t that’s raising money.

Chapter 9

Since 1994, TX has been republican in its state-held offices.

5 Party Eras

1. 1873-1940 100% Democratic- one party gov’t, North was R 2. 1940-1952 Conservative vs. liberal D’s b/c support of new deal moves more  towards R’s

3. 1952-1977 Voters wanted change from recession unrest, Shivercrats Eisenhower Republican carried TX, John Tower: R senator won statewide  election

4. 1978-1994 Ronald Reagan brought R to the South, Bill Clements 1st R  governor 

∙ Ronald Reagan: GOP (pro-market, libertarian R’s) & shift in  conservative D’s becoming R’s

∙ Clements built R party in TX, causing party realignment  

5. Now 100% Republican- one party gov’t, D haven’t won statewide election  since 1994


• Urban areas

• environemtnal legislation

• civil & women's rights  

• pro-choice, no capital punishment

• increased taxation & spending

• minorities  

• gun control

3rd Parties in TX- Libertarians most successful TEA party most aligns w/ conservative R’s


• Rural or suburban areas • pro-business

• reduced taxes

• conservative

• pro-guns, 2nd amendment • religious

• military

• males

Yellow Dogs: defined as democrats regardless of the party’s ideological position

∙ Importance: voted for R candidate Eisenhower w/ help from Shivercrats,  breaking tradition

∙ 1956: voting R for presidency, D for state

TX court cases

Grovey v. Townsend

Form of dejure discrimination

Smith v. Allwright

15th amendment

abolished white primary

Sweatt v. Painter

14th amendment

denied entry to UT law-then admitted Hernandez v. Texas

Jury selection

Hispanics should be separate class Ruiz v. Estelle

8th amendment violation

only 95% capacity for prisons

Roe v. Wade

Women have levels of privacy, abortion San Antonio ISD v. Rodriguez

Education is a state issue, not a federal issue Jurek v. Texas

Lethal injection most humane

Plyer v. Doe

In favor of education illegal alien children Texas v. Brown

Plain view doctrine

Texas v. Johnson

1st Amendment

Symbolic speech

Edgewood v. Kirby

14th Amendment violation

Creates "Robin Hood" plan

US v. Lopez

Gun in school doesn't affect interstate commerce

US overstepped

Hopwood v. Texas

10% rule- 10% of grad class automatic admit

Carmell v. Texas

Ex post facto- can't add to an offense when it wasn't requirement at time of crime Penry v. Johnson

"Mitigating evidence" Regarding mental capacity.

Lawrence and Garner v. Texas

state violates 14th amendment

Van Orden v. Perry

monument had historical meaning, not religious

McCreary County v. ACLU

1st amendment establishment of religion

LU LAC v. Perry

violated voting rights act, diluted minorities

Medellin v. Texas

treaty is not binding upon state courts

Salinas v. Texas

5th amendment self-incrimination clause: claim right first

Fisher v. University of Texas

the strict scrutiny test may be used when groups w/ a history of discrimination are  considered

Whole Women's Health v. Hellerstedt

undue burden on women exercising their right under the U.S. Constitution to end a  pregnancy,

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