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BGSU - HDFS 1930 - Class Notes - Week 10

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BGSU - HDFS 1930 - Class Notes - Week 10

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background image HDFS 1930-1003 Lifespan of Human Development Paul Standinger Chapter 10: Later Adolescence (18-24 years) What is Autonomy? o A multidimensional task that is accomplished gradually over the  course of later adolescence and early adulthood o The ability to regulate one’s own behavior without undue control  from or depends on one’s parents o Independence of thoughts, emotions, and actions Differentiation o The extent to which the family-system encourages intimacy  while supporting the expression of differences o (Children with this tend to function better overtime if they have  experienced differentiation) Leaving home o Living away from one’s parents is not as readily achievable in the age range of 18-24 as it was in the past Parents and adolescent children have different views about
the age at which children are expected to leave home
Economic factors and social norms play a significant role in
the timing of leaving home
College Experience o Going and doing this is an intermediate step between living at  home and establishing a permanent residence in early adulthood Freshmen express variety of attitudes about their desire to 
be independent from family
Entering students focuses new attention on attachment 
relationships with their parents
Those living at college... o Rely on mental representations of their parents
o Begin to have more positive thoughts and 
feelings about their parents o Enjoy new levels of confidence and respect  from their parents.  Those living at home... Continues to receive direct parental input May have more conflict—but the level of 
emotional closeness is culturally shaped
background image Delayed marriage often means primary 
attachment remains the family of origin for 
longer
Self-sufficiency o Involves... Making independent decisions Taking self-responsibility  Self-financial dependence to some degree o Achieving this promotes... Ego structure changes Gender identity  Morality Career Aspirations o Gender Identity Masculinity  Femininity  Androgyny  Transgendered Third Gender Human Development Diversity—introduces idea of 
alternative pathways toward gender identity present 
in other cultures
Concept where individuals categorized either by 
themselves or society as neither man or woman
 Reevaluating Gender Constancy Later adolescents: Understand differences in gender groups in 
most traits and abilities
Realization gender isn’t quite fixed and 
constant
Learns to integrate and synthesize gender role 
expectations
Adding Sexual Dimension to Gender Identity Physical attractiveness becomes more salat  Maturation of hormonal system contributes to one’s 
gender identity
Androgens – General male female hormones Testosterone – Main hormone Estrogens – Specific women’s hormones Research shows later adolescence is a common time for 
crystallization of sexual orientation
Internalized Morality: New Cognitive Capacities
background image Beginning to view selves as moral beings Brings new cognitive capacitates to the arena of moral decision making Ability to consider multiple perspectives  Stages of moral reasoning: o Preconventional Level, Stage I, (age 4-10) Children judge actions as morally justifiable based on 
immediate consequences of behavior and approval of 
authority
o Conventional Level, Stage II, (Age 10-18) Reflects concern about maintenance of existing rules/laws 
are respect for legitimate authority 
o Postconventional Level, Stage III, (Age 18-adulthood) Brings awareness of social, cultural, and political processes
resulting in formation of rules/laws
Experiences Promoting Moral Reasoning o Exposure to diverse information, relationships, and worldviews  stimulates moral reasoning A Maturing Moral Identity o Kohlberg’s ideas of moral reasoning
o Justice and caring orientations
Young people increasingly involved in community social 
and volunteer work
Career Choice Factors influencing career choice... o Family background
o Education
o Gender role socialization
Phases of Career Decision-making: o Exploration – Realization a career decision must be made before  learning about self or occupation o Crystallization – Awareness of alternatives for action and  consequences o Choice
o Clarification – More fully understanding consequence of 
commitment o Induction – Encounters new career environment
o Influence – Very much involved in a new group
o Integration – Group or profession makes more lasting investment 
in person The Psychosocial Crisis: Individual Identity vs. Identity Confusion Private self

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School: Bowling Green State University
Department: Human Development
Course: Lifespan Human Development
Professor: Paul Standinger
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Name: HDFS 1930, Week 10
Description: We went over Chapter 11!
Uploaded: 11/07/2018
9 Pages 89 Views 71 Unlocks
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