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NICHOLLS - HIST 150 - Class Notes - Week 6

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NICHOLLS - HIST 150 - Class Notes - Week 6

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background image Lecture 24 The Medieval Period ○ The western Roman empire is officially dead ○ The period is also referred to as “the Dark Ages” which is a term historians tend  to avoid because it implies that after the fall of Rome Europe became stupid ○ For the first 300 years after the fall of Rome, Europe went through a period of  readjustment and mixing ○ Medieval society is a Roman/German hybrid Charlemagne (800 AD Christmas Day) ○ He stops being the king of the Franks and becomes the Holy Roman emperor with the blessing of the pope ○ He was about 6’7 which was massive for that time period ○ He developed a reputation as being an energetic monarch, but he wanted to be  remembered as a conqueror king Preconquista  ■ Longest war in history at 750 years ■ Charlemagne participated in it  ■ Crusade by Christian armies against Islamic armies ■ Since he was involved, Charlemagne is ultimately looked at as a soldier of Christ ■ He loses the war but is still commemorated in the Song of Roland, a  French epic about his campaign in Iberia ■ Charlemagne was responsible for adding Saxony in North Germany to the  Holy Roman Empire ● Saxony was invaded 56 times until it was finally conquered ■ He is a very dominant figure, which is a problem because that means that  no one that comes after him will be as good ■ It didn’t help that the ruler that followed him was a failure Louis I (the Pious) ○ He is the son of Charlemagne ○ He was completely sold on his faith and spent his whole life preparing for  salvation ○ Always in church which is rough as an emperor because he was not taking care of business in the palace ○ He accomplished virtually nothing ○ Almost as soon as Charlemagne dies the empire goes into decline ○ It got worse when Louis I had three sons ■ The three were more interested in fighting between themselves than  getting stuff done ■ The government wasn’t accomplishing anything and declined more Treaty of Verdun (843 AD)
background image ○ The three brothers see that the fighting was getting nowhere and agreed to divide  the Holy Roman Empire between each of them ■ This laid the foundations for modern day France, Italy, and Germany ○ It was at this moment that the lands of Christendom were hit by a series of  invasions Saracens  ○ Fancy name for Muslims ○ Islam had spread throughout North Africa (Berbers) and Iberia (Moors) ○ North Africans were jumping onto ships and attacking the southern coast of  Europe Magyars  ○ People invading eastern Europe through Russia ○ They are a nation on horseback and are basically the people that gave us the Huns Vikings ○ The most influential invaders ○ Invaders from Sweden hit Russia ○ Invaders from Denmark hit France ○ Invaders from Norway hit Iceland, England, and America ○ Invaders were hitting from everywhere ● The government wasn’t doing anything and invaders were attacking everywhere ● European society had to evolve for protection ● People turned to the local nobility and gave their loyalty to local landlords ● Landlords basically became nations to themselves
Feudalism ○ Different from one place to another so the term is not liked by historians Decentralization ○ No longer one center of power, but rather power filters to hundreds of local  nobles ○ Germany was 360 microstates at this time Knights ○ Hollywood has over romanticized knights
Primogeniture ■ Europe begins practicing this ■ It is the practice of the eldest son inheriting everything from his father ■ What happens to the other sons? ● They can’t go out and get a job because nobles don’t work ● Only high class people were white; alabaster skin meant you were  nobility ● So they had two choices ○ The could either join the church or put on armor as a knight ○ Since we live in Christendom, the soldiers are soldiers of  Jesus

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School: Nicholls State University
Department: Art History
Course: Word History
Professor: Scott Phipps
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: history
Name: History 150 week 6
Description: These notes cover whats going to be on the next exam. Since I know the teacher teaches verbally its hard for most students to write down the notes.
Uploaded: 11/08/2018
3 Pages 61 Views 48 Unlocks
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