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NICHOLLS - HIST 150 - History 150 week 5 - Study Guide

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NICHOLLS - HIST 150 - History 150 week 5 - Study Guide

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background image Lecture 14 The Silk Road ○ Roughly ran from Beijing to Athens  ○ About 10,000 miles (emphasis on the length) ○ Ran through very harsh terrain, such as the Persian Desert and the Himalayan  Mountains ○ Trading items on the Silk Road needed to be worthwhile, so there were no bulk  goods ○ All about maximum profit ○ Luxury items were sold on the trade route ■ Gold, silver, copper, iron, jewelry, gems, silk (and other exotic fabrics),  spices from Asia and Africa, perfumes/fragrance oils, exotic animals, and 
slaves.
■ Spices were one of the most important things traded ■ *Jesus and the 3 Wise Men ­ The Wise Men brought myrrh and  frankincense to Jesus’ birth, which must have come from the Silk Road ■ Slaves ­ There wasn’t such thing as racial slavery before about 500 years  ago (Christopher Columbus) ● Everybody was a potential slave ● Ex. Slavs (Slavic people) ­ Southern Russia was a gathering places  for white slaves ○ All about luxury goods that turn maximum profit that can justify the 3 year  journey on the Silk Road ○ Having just one transport (camel) wasn’t good enough though ■ Traders get a hundreds of camels together to form a caravan to transport  the goods ■ Caravans are actually like cities walking across the land because each one  contains people of nearly all professions ■ These large caravans were easy pickings for raiders in the area, so they  had to hire mercenaries to protect them ■ Every time they crossed a countries border, taxes on the goods being  transported went up Caravansarais ­ Waystations where caravans could rest/resupply for a 
few days. These cost money to build and maintain however
○ By the time the items reached their destination, their price had gone up so much  from all the fees and taxes throughout the journey ■ Not even the wealthy could afford the items. Only royalty and high  priesthoods had the means to pay for them ■ This led to only the royalty knowing that other countries existed during the time of the Europeans
background image ○ Caravans of different nations rested at these caravansaries at the same time,  sharing ideas like in Alexandrian cities ■ 3 continents coming together again to talk and exchange ideas Evolution of the Hellenistic World ○ Religion Mystery Cults ­ We don’t really know what was going on in these ● Each is dedicated to a particular deity (Monotheism) ● Found in all 3 continents ● They were important vehicles of the spreading monotheistic ideas ● Only let you join if you were invited by members of the cult ● Once you were a member they taught that that one god knows you, cares about you, and loves you ● Traditional Hellenic religions were all about forms, not feelings ○ Ex. Athena may have looked out for Athens, but not the  specific worshipper ● Religion becomes personal, then emotional, then charismatic ○ Philosophy ■ Hellenistic society were just posers of Hellenic philosophers ■ Hellenic philosophers were askings the big questions of life, like how the  world worked and why we do what we do ■ Hellenistic philosophers wanted to ask, “How do you live a good life?”
Diogenes of Sinope ● Founder of new philosophic school known as Cynics ○ Being cynical means questioning/challenging everything ○ The understanding that the Universe lies to you ○ 1) Live a life of virtue ○ 2) Live like the animals and the noise will go away ○ 3) Lose the concept of allegiance/loyalty Epicurus ● Founder of the school of Epicureanism ○ Believed life is about avoiding pain ○ Pleasure can ease pain, but is dangerous because if it is  taken to far it can cause pain ○ Didn’t believe in pleasure seeking, but avoiding the  extremes Live moderately/Live life in the middle (Very similar to 
Buddhism) We see Asia influencing Hellenistic society

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School: Nicholls State University
Department: Art History
Course: Word History
Professor: Scott Phipps
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: history
Name: History 150 week 5
Description: These notes cover whats going to be on the next exam.
Uploaded: 11/08/2018
4 Pages 78 Views 62 Unlocks
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