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UCLA - FRNCH 41 - Class Notes - Week 6

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UCLA - FRNCH 41 - Class Notes - Week 6

School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: French
Course: French Cinema and Culture
Professor: Chirila
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Name: French 41
Description: week 6 notes for lecture and section
Uploaded: 11/12/2018
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background image Thursday, November 7th 2018   2 terms to keep in mind 
BEUR 
Origin: backslang (“pig latin”) for arabe (french for “arab”); dates to early 1980s  
Refers to a person of north African descent living in France; also used as an adjective: “beur” 
literature, “beur” cinema  
BANLIEUE  The peri-urban zones found around major cities in france/ “subrubs” - but generally with a 
pejorative connotation close to the US “projects” or UK “estates”. tend to be associated with 
immigrants, working-class people, and - in recent years - with disenfranchised youth, social 
unrest, and violence.  
La Haine is a work of banlieue cinema and not beur cinema , the director is a beur, the principal 
character is a french jew  
The film is realistic and surrealist  
- it wants to reach us as a realist work   - abdel’s sotiry   - narrative reality effets (versimilitude)   - plausible that it could happen in reality because in those times, it is possible to find in the 
new this kind of story 
- abdel is a beur character   - we never meet him but we know his story is integral to every thing that happens in the 
film 
- he is lying in a coma   - formal reality effects (mise en scene that recalls archival/bewsreel footage)   - Real news footage  - it appears in news broadcast which makes it authentic  - use of actual footage from earlier episodes of urban unrest (first images of film : assassins)   - Film wants to make a connection between its subject and the earlier episode  - Neo-realist aesthetics (black and white)   - to give it this kind of this Italian Neo realist   - Documentary feel   - as if the camera was running through the banlieu  - the film tries hard to look real   General context of La Haine:  1945-1973: The Glorious 30 (WWII to Oil Crisis) 
background image -immigrants enter France at higher volume than previous 
-nature of immigrants shifts (European immigration replaced by “postcolonial 
immigration”) 
1974-1981: Effects of oil crisis + rise in jingoism   -closing of borders to new immigrants 
-immigration policy began to emphasize integration or repatriation 
Mid-1980s: “les Beurs” come of age  -individuals of North African parentage (born in France or arrived at young age; often 
French citizens) 
-culturally “deterritorialized” 
-often relegated to the banlieue or “cités” (projects) 
Context: emergence of the banlieue and the cite   - availability of low-cost, gig-volume housing outside of major french cities led to a ghetto 
effect 
- Synonymous, in the popular imaginary, with immigrants, poverty, crime, drugs, delinquency  - historically, however, these areas tend to be more mixed than is generally understood  - large chunks of buildings falling off, broken windows, dilapidated   - diverse community of people  Political context: look at slide  - 1981: Francois mitteran was elected  1981: socialist party (PS) takes power for the first time in history of 5 th  republic (election of  Mitterrand)  Socialist success leads to legislative backlash and rise of the Front National   governing PS compelled to adopt a “hard line” (more right-wing position) on immigration  Mjaor episodes of social unrest in France   1993, death of makomé m’bowlé  - 17years old originally from Zaire  - Arrested for stealing cigarettes and detained for questioning   - Accidentally killed by an officer while chained to a radiator  - Peaceful protest sets of waves of violence in paris  

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: French
Course: French Cinema and Culture
Professor: Chirila
Term: Fall 2018
Tags:
Name: French 41
Description: week 6 notes for lecture and section
Uploaded: 11/12/2018
3 Pages 84 Views 67 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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