Visual Arts Exam 2 Study Guide
Drawing: an image made with dry media
Pigment: coloring from animal or plants
Charcoal: part of dry media, burnt wood, dark and soft
Crayon: any stick form of media
Pastel: chalk mixed with pigment which is bonded by wax or some binder Ink: wet media, used with pens or quills
Wash: diluted ink
Collage: gluing with paper, French for pasting
Encaustic: portraits painted on wooden panels
Fresco: a painting applied on wet plaster
Grisaille: a painting that is monochromatic that appears like a sculpture Oil: pigment with linseed oil
Watercolor: pigment with gum Arabic
Gouache: painting with pigments that have opaqued in water and thickened Mosaic: Creating images with tesserae or little pieces We also discuss several other topics like What are the kinds of impulsivity?
Tesserae: small blocks of stone or some material to create a mosaic
Print: a work of art transfers to another paper
Woodcut: the negative space of the design the artist creates is carved off of wood, then which ink is applied and paper is placed on top, functions as a rubber stamp
Engraving: filled in holes on a sheet of copper then which ink is applied and paper is placed on top
Lithography: a drawing that is placed on a stone with a greasy material then chemically treated and wiped with water, then the paper is applied on top. The whole process is based on water and oil don’t mix.
We also discuss several other topics like In chemistry, what defines a trigonal pyramidal?
Screen printing (Silkscreening): printing technique using mesh to transfer ink on areas not blocked by a stencil
Monotype: only one print is created. Glass or a smooth surface is painted on than paper is applied, changes are applied on top of original
Camera Obscura: Latin for a dark room, invented as a drawing tool in the Renaissance, the image was projected upside down then was traced on a piece I paper.
Daguerreotype: First photograph technique using iodine and silver plating, the process took longer and no multiples could be created.
Collodion: also known as wet plate process, photography technique takes less time than daguerreotype, cheaper, flammable, can produce multiples
Calotype: photography technique uses paper and silver nitrate, can produce multiples Straight Photography: taking pictures with no manipulation of the image Photojournalism: pictures that are used for news to tell a story If you want to learn more check out Which drugs are used for lethal injection?
Don't forget about the age old question of How long does it take to conduct down axons?
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Lion Panel, Chauvet Cave, ca. 30,000 BCE, Charcoal
Edgar Degas, The Singer in Green, ca. 1884, pastel
Rembrandt, Cottage Among Trees, 164850, Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, on paper washed with brown
Young Woman with a Gold Pectoral, from Fayum 100150 CE, Encaustic on wood Diego Rivera, Mixtec Culture, 1945, Fresco
Wifredo Lam, The Jungle, 1943, Gouache
Empress Theodora and Retinue, ca. 547, Mosaic, San Vitale, Ravenna Katsushika Hokusai, The Great Wave at Kanagawa, ca.183133, Polychrome Woodblock print Käthe Kollwitz, Death and the Mother, 1934, Lithograph
Enrique Chagoya, Life is a Dream, Then You Wake Up, 1995, Monotype Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre, Le Boulevard du Temple, 1839, darfuerotype Dorothea Lange, Migrant Mother, 1936, Photograph
Alfred Stieglitz, The Steerage, 1907, photograph, straight photograph, Thomas Ruff, Substratum 12 III, cprint