Unit 4: Chapter 10 – History of Control & Punishment
Prisons Over Time
History of Control –
- England had harsh punishments, we adopted a more lenient approach - Initially used corporal punishment and jail time Quakers suggested reform - Reform led to two systems
Pennsylvania & Auburn
Pennsylvania System – (‘more humane’)
- Walnut Street Jail was the FIRST incarceration
- Eastern State Penitentiary
Solitary confinement 23hrs/daily If you want to learn more check out Who is maxime bernier?
Don't forget about the age old question of How many of the species are classified as ionic bonds?
Selfreflection and craft work
- Solitary confinement destroys peoples’ mental health (makes them go insane)
Auburn System –
- Congregateandsilent system
solitary @ night
- less expensive
Age of Reform (18601900) –
- Irish system
Reentry to society
Employed marksofcommendation and ticketofleave programs
New Emphasis on Prison Labor (19001930) –
- The idea that work is healthy for both the inmate and society is as old as the prison. Work kept inmates occupied. If you want to learn more check out What processes will you use to produce products?
Work was rehabilitative.
Inmates could offset incarceration costs.
- Convictlease system
Age of Rehabilitation (19301970) –
- Rehabilitation became important because offenders were considered "sick.“ - Wickersham Commission prescribed reforms in 1931
- Federal Bureau of Prisons est. 1930 Don't forget about the age old question of What is a dehydrohalogenation reaction example?
Retributive Era (1970spresent) –
- The events of the 1960s caused a number of changes in social institutions. One change was the traditional handsoff policy of the courts.
- Other changes...
Abolition of parole
- More Modern Retribution
Diversion programs among youth
The part of a job app that asks if you’ve been convicted of a crime
More equal treatment of past convicted criminals
Capital Punishment – The sentence of death for a criminal offense
- Historical Perspective
A common form of punishment
Public spectacle and painful
- The organized call for humane execution in the United States began in the 19th century.
Search for Humane Execution –
- *Lethal Injection (preferred method)
Glossip v. Gross (2015)
- Alternative methods
Arguments for Capital Punishment –
- Deterrence Theory
Assumptions & three factors of an effective punishment Don't forget about the age old question of What is the significance of the microorganisms living in the body?
- Aware of punishments
- No outside factors
3 Factors (in order of most to least important)
- Certain, Swift, Severe
- Just Deserts model –an eyeforeye rule
Arguments Against Capital Punishment –
Blacks and Hispanics executed in greater proportions than whites
White victims vs. Minority victims
- Executing the Innocent We also discuss several other topics like Why do we create brands?
The Innocence Project
Modern Use –
- 19 states plus DC do not have the death penalty
- CA, FL, TX, and AL hold more than half of all inmates on death row - It has been suspended in the past
Furman v. Georgia (1972)
Gregg v. Georgia (1976)
- The SC has placed limits on who can be executed