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University of Wollongong - Psy 110 - Class Notes - Week 8

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background image   Copyright, Char Paul, 2018  Introduction to Cognitive Science (Fall 2018)    Notes for the Reading:  Tue 10/23: Now Hear This! (Linguistics Everaert, M., Huybregts, M., Chomsky, N., Berwick, R., & Bolhuis, J. (2015). Structures, not  strings: Linguistics as a part of the cognitive sciences. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19, 729- 743.  •  The structure of human language raises questions:  - What are its properties?  - Which neurons? (i.e., biological representation)  - Why does communication change across contexts?    (e.g., speaking with my friends or to my parents)  - Why are there different types of languages?  - How does language develop across the lifespan?   - Where does language come from?  •  Is Linguistics a discipline of cognitive science? Properties + Biology → Yes! 
•  Generative grammar = computational properties 
  •  Syntax is an example of the structure of language 
•  Syntax can be learnt = can be stored in memory and recalled 
•  Understanding syntax → understanding the human mind 
•  Cognitive science grew from knowledge about language in the 1940s-1960; investigating 
syntax with computational math (i.e., algorithms, numerics and symbols).  •  A shift in definition → A shift in researching 
•  Language is cultural/social → is computational (rules beyond the social/cultural world) 
•  Language could now be defined as being many structured expressions (syntax), that have 
a hierarchy (levels), and are interpreted systematically (in an order) through hearing and  thinking.   •  The number one purpose of language is not to communicate (social/cultural) it is a way  to think (computational).  •  Any language is generative grammar = strategic understanding of the speaker and hearer  that is more than their production and interpretation of speech.   •  A property of language is its dependence on structure (syntax) 
•  ‘language is meaning with sound’ p. 4 

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School: University of Wollongong
Department: Psychology
Course: Cognitive Science
Professor: Brian Scholl
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Linguistics, cognition, syntax, computational, generative, grammar, cognitive psyc, Language, and meaning
Name: Tue 10/23: Now Hear This! (Linguistics) Intro Cog Sci 110
Description: Notes for the Reading, Everaert, M., Huybregts, M., Chomsky, N., Berwick, R., & Bolhuis, J. (2015). Structures, not strings: Linguistics as a part of the cognitive sciences. Trends in Cognitive Science
Uploaded: 11/21/2018
2 Pages 36 Views 28 Unlocks
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School: University of Wollongong
Department: Psychology
Course: Cognitive Science
Professor: Brian Scholl
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Linguistics, cognition, syntax, computational, generative, grammar, cognitive psyc, Language, and meaning
Name: Tue 10/23: Now Hear This! (Linguistics) Intro Cog Sci 110
Description: Notes for the Reading, Everaert, M., Huybregts, M., Chomsky, N., Berwick, R., & Bolhuis, J. (2015). Structures, not strings: Linguistics as a part of the cognitive sciences. Trends in Cognitive Science
Uploaded: 11/21/2018