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UCLA - CHICANO 10A - Study Guide - Midterm

Created by: Jacqueline Diaz Ponce Elite Notetaker

UCLA - CHICANO 10A - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image Chicano 10A Study Guide   
Important Quote: “El pueblo que pierde su memoria pierde su destino.”  
Translation: “The people that loses its memory loses its destiny.”  
What does this quote mean to you in terms of you know about Chicano history?  
Important Dates:  1492: Christopher Columbus discovers New World 
1519: Spanish explorer Hernan Cortés arrives at the Americas, begins colonization of the land 
and indigenous  
1521: Aztecs are conquered by the Spanish with the help of rival villages  
1531: According to legend, La Virgen de Guadalupe appears  
1810-1821: Mexican War of Independence from Spain 
1823: The Monroe Doctrine is written 
● Declared that the U.S. would keep out of European affairs, Europe should keep out of  government affairs in the Western Hemisphere, and Europe is not allowed to create new 
colonies in the Americas 
● Laid the groundwork for Manifest Destiny   1829: Mexico abolished slavery  ● Anglo-Texans disliked the new law and decided to try to break away from Mexico,  despite the fact that they settled the land under the condition that they will obey Mexican 
1835: Texas revolution for independence from Mexico 
1836: Battle of the Alamo 
1846-1848: U.S. Mexico War 
1848: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed 
● Ends U.S. Mexico War  1851: California Land Law  ● required all Mexicans living in “new” territory to provide proof of land grants 
● documents had to be translated into English 
● allowed Anglos to seize land that wasn’t theirs 
1969: Denver National Youth Conference (Plan de Aztlan)  
1970: Chicanos protest the Vietnam War 
1993: UCLA Hunger Strike 
Remember: The ChicanX people have been colonized twice -- by the Spaniards in the 16th 
Century, and the Anglo-Americans in the 19th Century 
background image Important Articles in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo:  The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is the treaty that ended the U.S-Mexico War  ● Article VIII  ○ Gave Mexicans that lived on the land sized by the U.S. the choice to remain on  the land and be granted U.S. citizenship and rights, or they have the option of 
going back to their country. 
● Article IX  ○ Granted property rights to the Mexicans that were settled on the seized land and  citizenship rights, but the article was later heavily modified so that the 
Mexican-Americans had limited rights.  
● Article X  ○ Protected land grants, but was later removed from the treaty since the U.S.  government decided that it was “not necessary.”    
Many of the rights granted to the Mexican Americans by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 
were never fulfilled by the U.S. government.  
Terminology:  •  colonialism : the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another  country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically  •  concientización ​open mind- open consciousness- seeing through the view of the colonized not  the colonizer- crisis, change, choice  •  revolution : changing mind from colonized to decolonized  •  racism :   ​the power of one race over the others  •  manifest destiny : an ostensibly benevolent or necessary policy of imperialist expansion  •  ostensibly benevolent : something that is allegedly good for you, supposedly altruistic  •  necessary : required, obligatory, crucial  •  imperialism : it is the policy or practice of invading and  •  aztlán ​imaginary homeland of the Chicanos, ancient homeland for the Aztecs, Chicano  birthright to reclaim this land  •  cultural nationalism ​culture is a nation, identity  •  self-determination : defining of one’s self. First step is self-naming  •  chicano ​term that had negative connotations at first, reclaimed to have power  •  chicanismo : a methodology; restoring cultural memories   

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School: University of California - Los Angeles
Department: Chicana and Chicano Studies
Course: Introduction to Chicana/Chicano Studies: History and Culture
Professor: A. Gaspar de Alba
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Chicano Studies
Name: Chicano Studies 10A Midterm Study Guide
Description: Terminology, historic dates, the Chicano Movement, how racism affects us and what we can do about it.
Uploaded: 11/26/2018
6 Pages 101 Views 80 Unlocks
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