Global Society test 3 GOOD LUCK!
Chapters: 10, 12, 15
1. What is the top region with most immigrants to the US?
2. What is the top country with the most immigrants to the US? ∙ Mexico, Central American nations like El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras 3.How do US employers demand for low wage labor fuel immigration?
∙ Immigrants usually do jobs, which are not wanted by the citizens for example because the pay is very low. Hence the immigrants know that there will always be a job for them.
4. How do “new” people who settle into “old” places transform them and unsettle
the identity of both new and old? p. 266
∙ “new” people bring their traditions and customs with them, hence they influence ‘old” places and transform them
5. What is a patriarchy?
∙ Social system, in which male embers of the society are superior (in the family, in leadership roles)
6. What role do women play in the workplace around the world?
∙ They are used in low paid jobs and they are being exploited in developing countries
7. How does global poverty affect women?
∙ The amount of women in poverty and hunger has increased ∙ Women form 2/3 of world’s illiterate, often because they are deliberately being limited by being given chores preventing them from going to school
Don't forget about the age old question of List the different types of microscopy.
8. What type of violence do women experience around the world? ∙ Sex trafficking, risk of rape during war, sex domination, honor killings 9. What is human and sex trafficking?
∙ Human trafficking: “the recruitment and movement of people through force or coercion, for purposes of sexual exploitation or forced labor” textbook p. 287
o Increased since the early 2000s
o It’s is difficult to estimate though (estimates can range up to 4 million people)
o Domestic trafficking even more widespread
o Vast majority of trafficked people are women and girls (75%) o Organized by complex global networks (also relies on corrupted people in power)
∙ Sex trafficking: trafficked people are used as sex slaves/are forced into prostitution, the income goes to the pimp We also discuss several other topics like Ethnicity refers to what?
Don't forget about the age old question of Unified country refers to what?
o is seen as more typical (approximately 79% of human trafficking) o victims are told that they have to work off a debt (this is often impossible, after they do it they may be sold again or they are given many fees for room, food, etc.)
10. Why does trafficking occur and continue to occur?
∙ It is organized through complex global networks with the help of corrupted people in power If you want to learn more check out Deductive reasoning refers to what?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the meaning of micro and macro economics?
∙ There is a high demand for it and it creates very high profit ∙ The risk of getting caught is relatively low for the traffickers
11. What is negative globalization?
∙ View on what is positive and what is negative globalization depends on one’s point of view
∙ Dangerous imports
o Food created from a variety of products from all over the world, hence it is difficult to locate the source of contamination
o For example weak regulations in food production in China
o Industrial pollution spilling into water sources irrigating crops, illegal use of antibiotics, illegal drugs used in livestock Don't forget about the age old question of Operating cycle refers to what?
o Chemicals exported from China neither certified nor inspected (they can end up in pharmaceuticals)
o Majority of fish eaten by people was raised on fish farms (water can be contaminated with pesticides, drugs, lead, heavy metals, also the fish are often treated with antibiotics)
o It is [the fish] a huge problem for the US imports 80% of its seafood
12. What are borderless diseases?
∙ Plague, malaria, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted infections, syphilis, “Mad Cow Disease”
∙ Became much more common in recent years
∙ They spread throughout the world/ outbursts seen in different parts of the world
∙ Spread of AIDS is related to globalization (tourism, sex tourism, migration, commercial and business travel, movements of refugees, military interventions)
∙ Flu (outbreak in Mexico, quickly spread to Europe, New Zealand, Israel, US, Canada)
o Spread by direct contact with the blood, body fluids, tissues of infected people
∙ Tropical diseases in Europe
o Related to global warming- increased ability of disease-bearing vectors like mosquitoes to survive in non-tropical areas
13. Why do disease, crime, war and terrorism occur?
∙ Amounts or cross-border crime increased as the globalization grew ∙ Biggest concern with drugs and terrorism
∙ New technologies, global partnerships, etc. help in criminal activities ∙ What is seen as deviant or illegal changes with time
∙ While the power of nation-states declined, it’s still the nation-states that define what is a crime (hence inability to fight crime, because nation-states have less power and they can’t effectively define and fight a crime) ∙ Free-trade zones enable the flow of illegal products
∙ Connection between terrorism and crime
o For example Taliban linked to Al-Qaeda is involved in poppy growing in Afganistan and the opium business
∙ Terrorism- “actions that cause deaths, serious bodily injuries, and serious damage to public or private property, places, facilities, or other systems and are aimed at intimidating citizens, governments, or international organizations” textbook p. 341
o Nowadays the terrorists have bigger possibility to perform their actions in places further away from where they are from and can more easily send their message to a large audience due to mass media
o Thanks to developed transportation terrorists can more easily move around the world
o People are vulnerable to different ideas due to visible negative globalization, division in politics, etc.
o Terrorist group have greater access to knowledge (thanks to internet for example)
o Are fought using the weapons, networks, and other resources of transnational criminal groups, which profit from wars (private contractors)
o Globalization conflicts in one part of the world can spread o Controversy around using drones by, among others, the US and other advanced technologies
14. What are the negative impact of the above (question 13) on individuals?
∙ Lack of precision of drones endangers civilians (they are not as accurate as the military claims)
∙ Stress levels increase (for example fear of rape or a terrorist attack) o “globalization is toxic to individuals and their emotional lives” (Lemert and Elliott)
∙ Innocent people are victimized or killed (for example 9/11) ∙ Financial volatility
∙ Economic and environmental insecurity
∙ Fear of AIDS, identity theft, effects of global warming
15. What Is Social Change?
∙ “the alteration of mechanisms within the social structure, characterized by changes in cultural symbols, rules of behaviour, social organizations, or value systems.”
∙ Heart of social movements is protest
o Risk of material damage
o Large numbers of people needed who put their health or even lives at risk
o Transnational movements (for example labor movements) p.436 o Cyberactivism
16. Is social change a straightforward process?
∙ No, it’s difficult, complex, it ultimately affects other aspects, it’s based on chance and discovery through trial and error
17. What are the major factors influencing social change?
source: http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/sociology/top-6-factors-of-social change-explained/35127
∙ Physical environment
o Natural disasters like floods or earthquakes
o Cause migration new social contacts
o Men adapt to new environment but also change and transform it ∙ Structure of human population
o age, sex, marital status, mortality rates, size of population o connects with poverty, forms of marriage, etc.
∙ Cultural factor
o Beliefs, social institutions, values
o Accepting ideas of other cultures or creating new ideas within this society
∙ Development of science and secularization abandoning old traditions ∙ Economic influences
o Influence of industrialization on community life, way of life, organizations
o Power to legislate new laws influencing social relationships (age of consent, divorce, inheritance, etc.)
18. What are Facilitative Strategies for change?
∙ They make it easier for a change to be introduced, when the target group agrees that this change is needed
19. What are Re-educative Strategies?
∙ Making people aware of the problem, teaching them what is needed to make the situation better
X time consuming
20. What are Persuasive Strategies?
∙ Used when the problem is underestimated and marginalized ∙ Usually base on low-key, unexplicit approach
Useful when there exists a pressure of time and when the change is controversial
21. What are Power Strategies?
∙ Involve coercion
∙ Used when there is no time for time-consuming solutions and when the commitment to the cause is very low
∙ Usually cause resistance, hence further coercion techniques are require source for 18-21: http://www.web.net/~robrien/papers/netact/strategy.html
22. What is Deglobalization?
∙ Process of decreasing interdependence between nations
∙ source: https://www.igi-global.com/dictionary/after-the-global-crisis-is-it globalization-or-globalonelization/47261
23. What is Global Social Democracy?
∙ “social movements hold special promise as means of progress” (http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/view/10.1093/acprof:oso/97801995819 86.001.0001/acprof-9780199581986-chapter-10)
∙ World Social Forum
o Significant in global social movements
o Comes from alter-globalization social movement WTO
o Created as a reaction against World Economic Forum
o Was against lack of democracy in global economic and political affairs
o Idea that there must an alternative to neoliberalism
X didn’t do much though
o “placeless organization”
∙ The French alternative
o Point of view that French society succeeded the most in opposing globalization
o Strong power of the state (globalization would decrease the power) o French people are strongly attached to their culture and identity o “France is committed to rationality” and globalization causes a lot of mess and ambiguity
o In France globalization was well adapted in terms of economy (privatization, global industries, etc.) however they oppose one-size fits-all globalization, hence they kept their culture
24. Make sure you have a clear understanding of the concepts and information found
in the globalization text book and the documentaries.