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KSU - FDM 10033 - Study Guide - Final

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KSU - FDM 10033 - Study Guide - Final

School: Kent State University
Department: Fashion
Course: Fashion Fabrics
Professor: Harriet McLeod
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Fashion, fabrics, sustainability, dyeing, printing, and finishes
Name: Study Guide 3
Description: This is for Fashion Fabrics class. Includes: -Dyeing & Printing -Finishes
Uploaded: 12/04/2018
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background image EXAM 2 Study Guide Fall  2018 The exam covers lectures 12-13 and will have both multiple-choice questions
and visual and vocabulary matching sections.  
Methods of Applying Color 1. Dyeing a. Immersing fiber, yarn, or fabric in dye solution 2. Printing  a. Applying color and pattern to finished fabric face Colorfast Will the color stay on the fabric during o Laundering
o Crocking (rubbing)
o Perspiration
o Exposure to light or fumes
Or does the color bleed, transfer, or fade? Colorants Dyes Chemically bond with fiber More colorfast Do not alter the hand Can be used at any stage Pigments Require a binder to fix to fabric Color lays on face Stiffen the fabric Less colorfast Applied to fabric (typically as a print) Factors to consider when dyeing Type of fiber Color matching Colorfastness End use Cost Environmental impact Fiber Types Type of dye used is dependent on the type of fiber Cellulose & protein fibers are more absorbent o Dyed easily and produced brilliant colors
o Includes manufactured cellulose fibers
background image EXAM 2 Study Guide Fall  2018 Synthetic fibers are not naturally absorbent o Required innovation in dyes and chemicals to produce great color variety At What Stage is Dye Added? Anywhere from polymer solution to finished garment Factors affecting choice o Cost
o Colorfastness
o End use
o Color trends
Dye Timing Solution Added into polymer solution o Only manufactured fibers  Fiber Natural or blended fibers Ex: used to create tweed or heather yarns Yarn  Very good colorfastness Less expensive Used to create multi-colored patterns during fabric construction o Ex: woven or knit jacquards, stripes, plaids Fabric or Piece Less expensive, most common method Better able to respond to color trends Moderate colorfastness Fabric will typically be a solid color o Some other color effects can be done at this stage too Garment or Product  Closest to the end use, allows for best response to color trends Poorest colorfastness Could damage the product o Shrinking or distortion
o Effect on thread or trims
Printing ‘Stamping’ pattern or color on fabric face Typically les colorfast than dyeing fiber, yarn, or fabric Cheaper to produce than patterns created during weaving or knitting Dye vs. Pigment Printed
background image EXAM 2 Study Guide Fall  2018 Printing with dye Color can penetrate to the reverse Doesn’t mask the face Softer hand Printing with pigment Color only on the face Obscures face Stiffer hand Print Methods How do we apply the print to the fabric or garment o Screen printing
o Roller printing
o Dye submission
o Digital printing
Screen Printing Design is created in mesh screens A different screen is needed for each color o More set up time
o Harder to capture photographic imagery
o More efficient and cost-effective for garment printing
Roller Printing Etched metal rollers created a repeat pattern Different rollers for different colors o Rotary screen printing is becoming more common Dye Sublimation Printing Special sublimation ink creates design on paper, which is transferred to
fabric using heat and pressure
o Only with polyester 
o Creates very vivid, seamless images
o Doesn’t crack or fade like pigment
Digital Printing Less set up time, printed directly from computer Good for high resolution images Time and cost to print is higher

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School: Kent State University
Department: Fashion
Course: Fashion Fabrics
Professor: Harriet McLeod
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Fashion, fabrics, sustainability, dyeing, printing, and finishes
Name: Study Guide 3
Description: This is for Fashion Fabrics class. Includes: -Dyeing & Printing -Finishes
Uploaded: 12/04/2018
7 Pages 177 Views 141 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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