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KSU - JMC 20001 - Arrheana Simmons - JMC - Class Notes

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KSU - JMC 20001 - Arrheana Simmons - JMC - Class Notes

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background image Beginning of power point Eadweard Muybridge Was a landscape photographer in the mid­1800s who figured out how to stop the action in  still pictures by using a fast film and fast shutter speed. Produced The Horse in Motion in  1878, a two­second film. George Eastman Started Eastman Kodak. Invented a flexible, thin film that could be fed through a camera  quickly. Thomas Edison Developed a camera with intermittent movement, which combined the shutter with a  mechanism that pulled the next frame of film into the lens and allowed each of the frames 
to be exposed.
Great Train Robbery (1903) and Birth of a Nation (1915) Both were silent films. Great Train Robbery was 12 minutes long and produced, directed and edited by Edwin S.  Porter.
Birth of a Nation was a large budget film, but it was produced by DW Griffith, not part of  the studio system. The Jazz Singer (1927) First feature­length motion picture with sound. Allowed the audience to see and hear the content. Movie Palaces Era (mid­ to late 1920s) Akron Civic Theatre and Canton Palace Theatre. Based on architect John Eberson’s “atmospheric” style. Still standing today. Movies: Dealing with the Technology Ohio’s Role in Censorship For several years, movies were not considered protected by the Ohio Constitution as free  speech based on a 1915 U.S. Supreme Court decision involving Ohio’s film censors. Production Code (Hays Code) (written in 1930; enforced in 1934) Developed by the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors Association because “the  advent of sound on the motion picture screen brought new problems of self­discipline and 
background image regulation to the motion picture industry.”
These were industry codes, not government so government did not fine or control this  document. In fact, the code kept federal regulators away, maintained good relations with  powerful religious groups and simplified the story process during the studio system. Movies: Golden Age to Today 1930s ­ 1940s The studio system began. This system created departments to standardize the process. The Big Five studios were MGM, Paramount, RKO, Warner Brothers and 20 th  Century  Fox.
At the time, the Big Five studios also owned the movie theaters and produced about 50  movies per year for each studio.
Casablanca (1942) is a good example of the studio system because it had six writers  (Warner Brothers). Threats to the studio system The U.S. Government made the big studios divest from the movie theaters because of anti­ trust issues (lack of competition).
Popularity of television. Over the past 30 years, VHS, DVD and now, streaming services. Movies: You should know International Distribution More than 70% of all Hollywood film studio revenues come from outside the U.S.  Famous Directors Alfred Hitchcock – Best known for creating fright. PsychoThe BirdsVertigo George Lucas – Created Star Wars. Complained that corporate movie studios “don’t have  any imagination.” Alejandro G. Iñárritu – Won two of the past three Professor notes: Motion pictures were influential in the  development of mass culture, created larger­ than­life stories on a larger­than­life screen and gave us  our first national celebrities.  Movies could take us to places we’ve never been and create worlds that we could never  experience in real life.   Buying a movie ticket is one of the direct forms you can get: You buy your ticket, you  get into the flick. There might be a paid advertisement before the film starts, but neither 
that nor the overpriced popcorn and snacks are what go you into the film.

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School: Kent State University
Department: Journalism and Mass Communications
Course: Media, Power, Culture
Professor: Matthew Pallotta
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: Media, power, and Culture
Name: JMC
Description: Class notes session 6
Uploaded: 12/05/2018
4 Pages 45 Views 36 Unlocks
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