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UIUC - HDFS 105 - Study Guide - Final

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UIUC - HDFS 105 - Study Guide - Final

School: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Department: Human Development
Course: Intro to Human Development
Professor: J Brooks
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: HDFS and Adulthood
Name: HDFS 105 Exam 3/Final Study Guide UIUC Fall 2018
Description: This is the filled out study guide Jan provided us with
Uploaded: 12/06/2018
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background image HDFS 105 Study Guide                       Exam 3 Early Adulthood: o Physical development Performance peaks in 20s Best speed & agility in athletes occurs between age 18 & 30, then begins 
to decline
Most young adults are healthy Young adults report the least illnesses & chronic health complaints Unhealthy habits established in childhood typically persist o Unhealthy food, lack of exercise o  Female Development: Women and Work Women in past were seen in terms of their reproductive roles Today: Careers outside home play significant role in self­esteem, identity Decrease in important of marital status in women’s roles and activities o Levinson Research­ male Leaving the family Getting into the adult world Becoming independent Creating a structure for life that will be reviewed as the person ages o Age Consciousness Grown over last 150 years People in US view adulthood positively, though young adulthood is favored over 
older age groups
Society views women as aging faster than men though not physically true o Social norms  Define what is appropriate for people to do at various ages Age Grade Systems Age specific roles defined by society No specific roles, but there are expected age norms o Female Development   Not as much research done on women in early adulthood Women in past were seen in terms of their reproductive role Today: careers outside the home play significant role in self­esteem, identity Decrease in importance of marital status in women’s roles and activities o Erikson’s stage – Intimacy vs Isolation Young adults form meaningful relationships with other young adults May form long lasting partnership If not, young adults may become isolated, lonely Must balance intimacy, commitment, independence, freedom, avoid isolation o Carol Gilligan research: Moral Thinking Men and women live in different moral domains Men: Justice approach Define moral problems in terms of rights and rules Women: responsibility approach Perceive morality as an obligation to avoid hurting others o Marriage  48­50% of marriages in US will end in divorce
background image Average length of marriage in US is just over 9 years o Family Life Work Family Conflict Demands of work role are incompatible with family role o Parenting Older adults perceive EA, especially having children & raising families as best 
time of their life
o Diversity of adult lifestyles Social Class Working class men do more household tasks Race/ethnicity African­American men do more (esp. middle class) Family status gay/lesbian more equity Age of children Men with younger children do more housework o Features of emerging adulthood: Arnett Identity exploration: love and work Instability: love, work, education. Economic dependence on family extending for
many
Self­focused: increasing autonomy Feeling­in­between: feel not yet fully adult Age of possibilities: optimism, positive direction o Good mental health  Requires people adapt to life’s fortunes Ability to function well in social roles Subjective sense of well­being Attitude, self­esteem, sense of control, social support o Stress Depends on how a person defines life events o Love Relationships Romantic love Passionate love, eros Affectionate Love Companionate love, deep caring affection Consummate Love Passion, intimacy, and commitment o Starting family  Financial Cost to raise a child from 0­18 o $330,000 for middle income family
o $440,000 for high income family
Interpersonal Intimacy & passion decrease, increase in commitment Decrease in marital satisfaction o Post­partum depression Suffered by some women in weeks just after giving birth 
background image o Stressors Jobs, money, childcare o Division of household labor Women: 33 hours/ week excluding childcare Men: 14 hours/week Men in dual career families do about 45% of house work o Egalitarian fathers: 9 hours less at work/week
o Traditional fathers: 11 hours more at work 
o Trends in divorce 48­50% of marriages will end in divorce After divorce, 83% of males and 76% of females remarry o  Cohabitation: Stepfamilies Stepparent’s roles aren’t well defined Children already socialized by other parent Patterns, routines already established o Children’s perceptions of divorce by age 2­6: poor understanding of divorce; blames themselves (egocentric) 7­8: Feel rejected; blame one parent; fear of abandonment 9­10: feel anger toward parents; may feel lonely Adolescence: Better understanding of situation; may or may not show behavioral 
problems
Middle adulthood: o Empty nest Children on their own, no one at home o Sandwich generation Caring for elderly parents as well as children o Job burnout Caused by high stress, high human responsibility, possibly much paperwork and 
not great pay
o Displaced home­maker Divorced or widowed and re­entering work force (sometimes stressful without 
recent skills in the workplace or current educational updates)
o Erikson stage:  Psychosocial tasks of midlife Generativity vs Stagnation Generativity o Leave legacies & benefits for the next generation, work for  improvement of society Stagnation o Self­absorption
o Have done little for the next generation
o Levinson’s work – mid­life crisis David Levinson “Psychological”: Crisis in self concept no hormonal cause, rather adjusting to declining physical energy, family, and 
work pressures
only minority of adults experience midlife crisis o Physical changes
background image Middle aged people report that they do not feel older Organs do begin very gradual decrease in efficiency Some gain weight, slight loss of height o  Sensory Very slow decline of vision & hearing after 40 Hear less in high frequency range Lose ability to change focus quickly and zoom o Menopause “Climacteric” Average age of 51 Estrogen begins to drop  Biologically middle­aged women can have children right up to menopause Birth control still important to women in the child­bearing range, careers 
important to many women
o May not want babies in middle age There are greater risks giving birth in mid late 40’s & up o Health  Life styles Affect general health Strong Social Ties Conductive to good health in all stages of adulthood Stress Takes a toll on health Good Health May reflect personality, sense of control, perceiving problems as 
challengers
o Hormonal Changes o Men’s Midlife Change Daniel Levinson Crisis in self concept o Impact of religion on life satisfaction, lifestyles, social ties, stress, personality o Fluid Intelligence Abstract reasoning Declines o Crystalized intelligence Accumulated information and verbal skills Increases o Delaying having children  o Family at Midlife: Children Leave Home Accepting exits & entries into family system Interpersonal Increase in marital satisfaction Decrease in marital conflict o Family in Later Life Interpersonal/Emotional Factors Accepting the shifting of generational roles Adapting to retirement

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School: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Department: Human Development
Course: Intro to Human Development
Professor: J Brooks
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: HDFS and Adulthood
Name: HDFS 105 Exam 3/Final Study Guide UIUC Fall 2018
Description: This is the filled out study guide Jan provided us with
Uploaded: 12/06/2018
14 Pages 107 Views 85 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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