Poli Sci Exam 1
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by angelica acepcion on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Poli Sci 1 at El Camino College taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Study Guide: Poli Sci – Exam #1 Colonial fled Great Britain for 1. Religious freedom 2. Freedom of speech 3. Problems Economic freedom fights with Native Americans excessive Acts passed by British government (sugar act, tea act, stamp act of 1765 put stamp on different goods taxed by king) Coercive Acts resulted after Boston Tea Party to punish colonists “Intolerable Two major components: Acts” of 1774 closed Boston Harbor put Boston under complete British control = quartering of soldiers th Meaning of the July 4 , 1776 Declaration of included John Locke’s Social Contract Theory: when giving the Independence consent of the governed, natural rights must be protected made to persuade France/Britain to support colonists life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness (written by Thomas signing regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign Jefferson) states, and no longer a part of the British Empire Locke’s Social all people are born with rights to life, liberty and property Contract Purpose of government: to protect these rights through social contract/ or as Theory long as they abided by it’s rules & the Right to Right to rule was recognized after the battle of Yorktown 1781 & formally by The Treaty of Paris Rule the Republic Republic Colonists who called themselves Republicans against strong central government (opposed monarchy, executive authority, everything basically that had power of them) most colonies had a unicameral legislation in charge Problems with Def: first governing document of the United States the Articles of FOUR MAJOR FLAWS: Confederation 1. the national/central gov. could not raise taxes 2. states acted as independent soverigns (wanted to trade diff. & pay debt differently) 3. No independent authority or single voice 4. Impossible to get a UNANIMOUS vote in congress AND a unanimous vote in every state legislature which were required to amend the Articles of Confed. SOLUTION = continental congresses Virginia Plan New Jersey Plan the LARGE states plan the small states plan bicameral legislature unicameral legislature 1. Lower house chosen by voters (people) 1. equal representation & elected by people 2. Higher house chosen by lower house vote apportionment: 1 state, 1 vote nominees selected by State Legislatures vote apportionment: by population Executive: No Veto power made president too powerful Executive: Elected by Congress Veto power Judicial Branch: limited Jurisdiction Unspecified national executive (only hears certain cases) Judicial Branch: life long Tenure National supreme court The Great bicameral legislature Compromise 1. house of reps (2 year term) elected by people 2. Senate: state legislatures (longer 6 year term) – 17 amendment No term limits Electoral College Pres + Vice Pres. (4 yr terms) No term limits Veto power Life long tenure, national/supreme court with limited jurisdiction The Electoral 538 electors total 100 (50 x 2 for each state) College 435 house of reps 3 for DC 538/2 = 269 +1 (50%) =270 total in order to win election Separation of Proposed by james madison Powers Executive: enforces laws Legislative: creates them Judicial: determines constitutionality Checks & A major principle of the American system of government Balances whereby each branch of government can check the actions of others Compromise Slavery is never DIRECTLY mentioned regarding 3/5ths compromise: how, slaves would be counted when determining a slavery in state's total population for legislative representation and taxing purposes the abolish slave trade in 20 years. constitution Keeps southern states satisfied Impeachme Art. I- Section 2: nt Clauses House of Reps. “people’s house” has members directly elected by voters in the states (every 2 years) Art. I Section 3: 1 10 Express Power to tax and Define and punish Powers of spend for the piracies & felonies Congress defense & general of the high seas welfare of the U.S. 11 2 Power to Declare war borrow money 12 regulate foreign an armynd support and interstate 13 commerce Provide and 4 Establish maintain a navy naturalization 14 and bankruptcy Make laws laws governing the 5 Power to coin armed forces money (different from 6 civilian law) Punish 15 counterfeiters of Provide and call money and for the securities (stocks) militia/National 7 Guard to execute Establish post federal laws offices 16 8 Organize, arm, and Grant patents and discipline the copyrights militia 9 17 Create courts Govern the District Court the Supreme 18 Columbia Provide for the laws necessary and proper for carrying out all other listed powers The Elastic The Congress shall have Power ... To make all Laws which shall be Clause necessary and proper for carrying into Execution (the necessary and proper clause) Supremacy Federal laws are the supreme laws of the land Clause (Art IV) Full Faith & addresses the duties that states within the United States have to respect the Credit public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state Clause How the Constitution Proposal of amendment requires: is Amended: 2/3 in BOTH House of Representatives + Senate or Special Convention To Ratify: ¾ vote from state legislatures must approve or special convention Federalist Important commentary on the Constitution Papers (purpose: AUTHORS: lessen 1. John Jay animosity 2. James Madison between 3. Alexander Hamilton federalists & anti- Federalist #10 federalists) Factions aka Political Parties/Special Interest groups are a problem SOLUTION: Representative Democracy -removing of factions = destruction of liberty + forces same opinions! ): Rather than control causes, we can control the effects Federalist #51 Checks & Balances Debate: What power does the Federal government have? Federalists Anti-Federalists Supported the constitution that Opposed strong central government favored a strong central government Wanted strong STATE governments Ex. Large farmers, merchants Ex. Small farmers in rural areas
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