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Poli Sci Exam 1

by: angelica acepcion

Poli Sci Exam 1 Poli Sci 1

Marketplace > El Camino College > Poli Sci 1 > Poli Sci Exam 1
angelica acepcion


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Quick chart review for the first exam.
Political Science 1
Study Guide
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by angelica acepcion on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Poli Sci 1 at El Camino College taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views.


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Date Created: 02/28/16
Study Guide: Poli Sci – Exam #1 Colonial  ­ fled Great Britain for 1. Religious freedom 2. Freedom of speech 3.  Problems Economic freedom ­ fights with Native Americans ­ excessive Acts passed by British government (sugar act, tea act,  stamp act of 1765 put stamp on different goods taxed by king) Coercive Acts resulted after Boston Tea Party to punish colonists “Intolerable  Two major components: Acts” of 1774  closed Boston Harbor put Boston under complete British control = quartering of soldiers th Meaning of the  July 4 , 1776 Declaration of  ­ included John Locke’s Social Contract Theory: when giving the  Independence consent of the governed, natural rights must be protected ­ made to persuade France/Britain to support colonists ­ life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness (written by  Thomas  ­ signing regarded themselves as thirteen newly independent sovereign  Jefferson) states, and no longer a part of the British Empire Locke’s Social  all people are born with rights to life, liberty and property Contract  Purpose of government: to protect these rights through social contract/ or as Theory  long as they abided by it’s rules  & the Right to  Right to rule was recognized after the battle of Yorktown 1781 & formally by The Treaty of Paris Rule the  Republic Republic Colonists who called themselves Republicans­ against strong central  government (opposed monarchy, executive authority, everything basically  that had power of them) ­ most colonies had a unicameral legislation in charge Problems with  Def: first governing document of the United States  the Articles of  FOUR MAJOR FLAWS: Confederation 1. the national/central gov. could not raise taxes 2. states acted as independent soverigns (wanted to trade diff. & pay  debt differently) 3. No independent authority or single voice 4. Impossible to get a UNANIMOUS vote in congress AND a  unanimous vote in every state legislature which were required to  amend the Articles of Confed. SOLUTION = continental congresses Virginia Plan  New Jersey Plan the LARGE states plan the small states plan bicameral legislature unicameral legislature 1. Lower house chosen by voters (people) 1. equal representation & elected by people 2. Higher house chosen by lower house  vote apportionment: 1 state, 1 vote nominees selected by State Legislatures vote apportionment: by population Executive: No Veto power­ made president too powerful Executive: Elected by Congress  Veto power Judicial Branch: limited Jurisdiction Unspecified national executive (only hears certain cases) Judicial Branch: life long Tenure National supreme court The Great  ­ bicameral legislature Compromise  1. house of reps (2 year term) elected by people 2. Senate: state legislatures (longer 6 year term) – 17  amendment No term limits Electoral College Pres + Vice Pres. (4 yr terms) No term limits Veto power Life long tenure, national/supreme court with limited jurisdiction The Electoral  538 electors total 100 (50 x 2 for each state) College 435 house of reps 3 for DC 538/2 = 269 +1 (50%) =270 total in order to win election Separation of  Proposed by james madison Powers Executive: enforces laws Legislative: creates them Judicial: determines constitutionality Checks & A major principle of the American system of government Balances whereby each branch of government can check the actions of others Compromise Slavery is never DIRECTLY mentioned regarding 3/5ths compromise: how, slaves would be counted when determining a slavery in state's total population for legislative representation and taxing purposes the ­ abolish slave trade in 20 years. constitution ­ Keeps southern states satisfied Impeachme  Art. I- Section 2: nt Clauses House of Reps. “people’s house” has members directly elected by voters in the states (every 2 years)  Art. I Section 3:  1 10 Express Power to tax and  Define and punish  Powers of spend for the  piracies & felonies  Congress defense & general  of the high seas welfare of the U.S. 11 2 Power to  Declare war borrow money 12 regulate foreign  an armynd support  and interstate  13 commerce Provide and  4 Establish  maintain a navy naturalization  14 and bankruptcy  Make laws  laws governing the  5 Power to coin  armed forces  money (different from  6 civilian law) Punish  15 counterfeiters of  Provide and call  money and  for the  securities (stocks) militia/National  7 Guard to execute  Establish post  federal laws offices 16 8 Organize, arm, and Grant patents and  discipline the  copyrights militia 9 17 Create courts  Govern the District Court the Supreme 18 Columbia Provide for the  laws necessary and proper for carrying  out all other listed  powers The Elastic The Congress shall have Power ... To make all Laws which shall be  Clause necessary and proper for carrying into Execution  (the necessary and proper clause) Supremacy Federal laws are the supreme laws of the land Clause (Art IV) Full Faith & addresses the duties that states within the United States have to respect the  Credit public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state Clause How the Constitution Proposal of amendment requires: is Amended: 2/3 in BOTH House of Representatives + Senate or Special Convention To Ratify: ¾ vote from state legislatures must approve or special convention Federalist Important commentary on the Constitution Papers (purpose: AUTHORS: lessen 1. John Jay animosity 2. James Madison between 3. Alexander Hamilton federalists & anti- Federalist #10 federalists) Factions aka Political Parties/Special Interest groups are a problem SOLUTION: Representative Democracy -removing of factions = destruction of liberty + forces same opinions! ): Rather than control causes, we can control the effects Federalist #51 Checks & Balances Debate: What power does the Federal government have? Federalists Anti-Federalists Supported the constitution that Opposed strong central government favored a strong central government Wanted strong STATE governments Ex. Large farmers, merchants Ex. Small farmers in rural areas


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