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WMU / Geography / GEOG 1000 / What does adaptive trait mean?

What does adaptive trait mean?

What does adaptive trait mean?

Description

School: Western Michigan University
Department: Geography
Course: World Ecological Problems and Man
Professor: Gregory veeck
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Cost: 50
Name: Exam 1 Study Guide- Geo1000
Description: These notes will cover what is on our first exam, chapters 3-5.
Uploaded: 01/15/2019
48 Pages 92 Views 1 Unlocks
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li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sdzm5iqu09vd-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wvf1e8nf5c2k-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wvf1e8nf5c2k-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-2}ul.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ud02cziq7z2m-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-7}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ud02cziq7z2m-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e2x8tx3sda5t-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e2x8tx3sda5t-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-1,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-5}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_q8kof3g3yzcy-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-6 0}.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-2}.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-4 0}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-5}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-1 0}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-8 0}.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-1}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-2,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-8,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-3 0}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-1 0}ul.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-8}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_jlf3ueevfopi-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_qhqb2einv4g0-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_axzx4gtt9lpd-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_axzx4gtt9lpd-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_axzx4gtt9lpd-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-6}.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-7 0}ul.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_axzx4gtt9lpd-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_z5bqiqnh6sj9-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sdzm5iqu09vd-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sdzm5iqu09vd-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-6}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_z5bqiqnh6sj9-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-3}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-0 0}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-6 0}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_z5bqiqnh6sj9-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_z5bqiqnh6sj9-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_axzx4gtt9lpd-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_h8or5r60wddv-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_c17s5xmtcjig-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-2 0}.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ols8tryw6f7f-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_c17s5xmtcjig-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sdzm5iqu09vd-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_o216kfbprvta-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vwqhdywldfhj-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vwqhdywldfhj-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8lfn00n02806-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-7 0}ul.lst-kix_ek2ip4qi690w-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tcp67bnhyqjo-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-5 0}.lst-kix_wvf1e8nf5c2k-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_k5upqybgswju-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_wvf1e8nf5c2k-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-1}ol.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-8 0}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-4 0}ul.lst-kix_rrilohesg1ny-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e2x8tx3sda5t-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_s23hztymdu2f-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ud02cziq7z2m-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-4}.lst-kix_wpdoey3a6ncs-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_nkrpbzjhdu6o-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_e7xej3sdz01q-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_60986jb4av0l-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ayzdcpz7ykaw-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_e2x8tx3sda5t-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_iu60e8dsfuz5-7,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_7pbnmwvp4ysp-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_kpd5ik1v67uv-3 0}.lst-kix_qjqzn7ilz293-6 > li:before{content:"- "}

Test no.1 Study GuideWe also discuss several other topics like Why do we need to study sociology?

Chapter 3We also discuss several other topics like What is the definition of exponential model?

Natural selection

  • A way to explain how things evolve (survival and reproduction)
  • Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace proposed natural selection around 1858

Species

  • A population whose members share certain traits
  • *require moisture for reproduction

Adaptive trait

  • Traits that promote reproductive success

Speciation

  • Process by which species are generated

Allopatric speciation

  • Formation of species due to physical separation of populations geographically
  • Cause = no mating between gene flow = no gene flow
  • Climate warms
  • Currents change
  • Sea level change
  • Climate dries

Fossil records

  • Result of sedimentary rock layers, allow scientists to reconstruct what life was millions of years ago

Extinction

  • When a species disappears from earth
  • Cause: when environmental factors change quickly and the species doesn’t have enough time to adapt.

Biosphere

  • Total of living things on earth and the areas they inhabit

Ecosystem

  • Consists of a community, it’s non-living environment and how the community and the environment interact

Community

  • Populations of different species living together in a given area

Population

  • Distinct species (one kind) that live in a given area

Niche

  • Created by a species through its use of its use of its habitat, consumption of food, and how the species interacts with other organisms

Population distribution

  • How species and organisms are arranged in an area
  • 3 types: Random, Uniformed, Clumped

Environmental resistance

  • Physical, chemical, and biological characteristics of the environment

carrying capacity

  • The maximum population of a species the environment can sustain

Density dependent

  • The more the species population rises, the more environmental resistance factors come into play that control the population

Density independent

  • Limiting factors not associated with population density

Biotic potential

  • Ability to produce children

K - selected biotic potential

  • Large
  • High energy
  • Few offspring
  • Long-life expectancy

R - selected biotic potential

  • Small
  • Low energy
  • Many offspring
  • Short-life expectancy

We also discuss several other topics like What is cyclobutadiene?

Test no.1 Study Guide: Chapter 4

Predators vs. prey

  • Individuals of one species hunt and consume individuals of another species
  • Most predators are also prey

Parasites

  • Depends on its host for nourishment and does harm to the host
  • Ex: tapeworm, tics, sea lamprey

Host

  • Supply parasites with shelter, food, water while at the same time getting killed by it

Herbivores

  • Plant eating insects, they feed off of the tissues on plants. The plant is usually not killed but can significantly affect its growth and reproduction systems

Mutualism

  • When species interact, they may benefit each other ny one producing resources the other needs

Symbiosis

  • A symbiotic relationship between organisms that live in close contact

Neonicotinoids

  • Causes bee colonies to collapse in winter, EPA is reviewing its’ use in 2019

5 tropic level

  1. Producers (algae)
  2. Primary consumers (grasshopper)
  3. Secondary consumers (mouse)
  4. tertiary consumers (snake)
  5. Quaternary consumers (owl)

If you want to learn more check out Why do bonds form between atoms?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of the prefix arthro?
We also discuss several other topics like How do you indicate the boiling point?

keystone species

  • A species that has a far greater impact on a community and the food web, than its number or size suggest

Four types of disturbances that modify a community

  1. Removing a keystone species
  2. Spread of invasive species
  3. Gradual / sudden disturbances
  4. Human impact

Resistance

  • Community remains stable despite the disturbance

Resilience

  • Community changes in response to the disturbance, but eventually returns to its original condition.
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