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UVU - PRLG 1000 - Study Guide - Final

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UVU - PRLG 1000 - Study Guide - Final

School: Utah Valley University
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to American Law
Professor: Scott Smith Smith
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: PRLG1000, Criminal, Law, BusinessOrganizations, estateplanning, and FamilyLaw
Name: Study Guide for Criminal, business, estate planning, and family law.
Description: These notes cover the last few topics of PRLG1000. It includes criminal law, business organizations, estate planning, and family law.
Uploaded: 01/16/2019
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background image Criminal Law Review  What is the purpose of criminal law?   To stop future offenses with: ​ Detterence, Rehabilitation, Incapacitation, Restitution, Retribution  Detterence: Stoping a crime   ● All punishments  Rehabilitation: Alter behavior with:  ● Mandatory counseling, treatment centers  Incapacitation: (Prevent offenders, future crimes)  ● Incarceration, death penalty, house arrest  Retribution: Remove the idea of personal justice  ● “Getting even”  What is mens-rea?   Mens- Rea is the “ Mental Element” ​of a crime.   ● “Guilty Mind”  How many types of mens rea are there?   There is 4 types of Mens Rea.   What are the 4 types of mens rea?   ● A purposeful act   ● A knowing act   ● A reckless act   ● A negligent act        
background image Define Actus Reus  The physical element of a crime.   ● Physical activity harming another  Crimes can be committed against   ● Property  ● Persons  ● Public  What are some defenses to crimes?  ● Involuntarily action  ● Mentally disabled   ● Duress: ​ t​hreats, violence, constraints, or other action brought to bear on someone to do  something against their will or better judgment.  ● Self Defense  What is the presumption of innocence?   Innocent until proven guilty.   What are the elements of battery?   1. An intentional act   2. Causing an immediate harmful or offensive touching  What does the 4th amendment prohibit?   Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures.  What is required for a warrant?   Probable cause.  What is an exception to the warrant requirement?   ● Exigent circumstances  
background image ● Hot pursuit   ● Plain view doctorine  ○ Evidence found in “plain view”  What is the exclusionary rule?   Exclusion of evidence obtained illegaly   Define interrogation: ​ Questioning/ interview done by law enforcement  What does the 6th amendment provide?   It provides a right to counsel  What is the terry search rule?   When there is suspicion that an individual is armed and dangerous.   ● “Stop and frisk”     Business Organizations:   What is the most common form of business organization?   ● Sole-propiership  ○ easy, personal liability  How do you create a partnership?  ● Can be formed verbally   ● Formally, written down.  ● “Articles of partnership”  What is the liability in partnerships?   ● Limited liability   
background image       What to consider when working with a corporation?   1. Ease of creation – Must go and file with the State  2. Owner’s Liability – Limited Liability  3. Tax Considerations – Double Taxation  4. Raising Capital – Investors  What is a share holder?   Owners of corporations are known as shareholders and can range from a few in closely  held corporations to millions in publicly held corporations.   What is an officer?  A management official appointed by the board of directors.  What is a director?   Elected by the shareholder, who in turn appoint officers.   What are the articles of incorporation?   Legal document stating the creation of a corporation  What is a limited partnership?   Limited partnerships must be formed in compliance with state statutes. Limited partners enjoy  limited liability but generally cannot participate in day-to-day management of the business.  What is a limited liability company?   A limited liability company, has some features of both partnerships and traditional  corporations. It’s seperate from its owners. LLCs are responsible for their own debts and 

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School: Utah Valley University
Department: OTHER
Course: Introduction to American Law
Professor: Scott Smith Smith
Term: Fall 2018
Tags: PRLG1000, Criminal, Law, BusinessOrganizations, estateplanning, and FamilyLaw
Name: Study Guide for Criminal, business, estate planning, and family law.
Description: These notes cover the last few topics of PRLG1000. It includes criminal law, business organizations, estate planning, and family law.
Uploaded: 01/16/2019
20 Pages 33 Views 26 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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