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UNT - HMGT 1470 - Class Notes - Week 1

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UNT - HMGT 1470 - Class Notes - Week 1

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background image 1470 HMGT In the Beginnings:  - Nobility had wealth, land, and material possessions, and many had large kitchens  with chefs and cooks who ran them  - the vast majority didn’t have money and very little food  - kitchens were different from today  - large, open fireplaces that burned coal and wood, they were very dangerous  - Commis: apprentices under the Chefs who did most of the chopping and  preparing  - The Code of Hospitality- travelers could stop at a nobleman’s abode to rest and be  fed  - Kings would sometime use this to punish a noble family  Trade:  - The Bourgeoisie: starting in the 15th century, a trade class made up of members of  guilds and merchants  - created a need for places to rest in and between towns  - Guilds: organizations that created goods and supported craftsmen and merchants  - families would arrange for their children to become apprentices under the masters  of a guild to give them a better life  - had complete control over their product  - Catherine de Medici: King Henry II of France’s Florentine wife  - she introduced Italian customs to the French table  - her court brought forks to France  - her entourage of servants included Italian Chefs  - Boulanger was a soup vendor who wanted to open his own establishment to serve  his specialty  - in 1765, he served a dish of sheep feet in a white wine sauce that has a restorative  properties, which he named his place after, it was called Restaurants   - the guild for braised sheep and mutton shut him down, but he sued in the French  courts and won and was able to reopen  - The French Revolution in 1789 changed the restaurant business forever   - the bourgeoise had disposable income and were willing to spend it  - chefs, cooks, butlers started their own restaurants and hotels to accommodate the  new middle class  - James Hemings, one of Thomas Jeffersons slaves  - City Hotel, the first specifically designed hotel in the U.S. opened in New York  City in 1794  - Delmonico was a bakery that became the first restaurant chain to open in the U.S.  with patrons like Abraham Lincoln and Mark Twain 
background image 1470 HMGT Historic Figures:  - cuisine and food are intrinsically connected to culture  - food has been influenced by countless people and cultures, and is constantly  changing  - the basic way we cook stays the same, and understanding fundamental techniques  of cooking gives us the freedom to create and explore  Chef Marie-Antoine Careme:  - Careme taught himself to read, wrote the first cook book with actual instructions  - his dishes were beautiful creations that resembled the Neoclassical and Georgian  styles of the time, his cuisine was called Grand Cuisine  - Careme wanted Chefs to be recognized as professionals   - he created a chefs uniform to raise chefs from servants to skilled craftsmen and to  ensure safety   - the Chef Toque keeps the head cool and prevents sweat from getting in the food  - the double breasted jacket protects the torso from burns and spills  George-August Escoffier:  - Escoffier is considered the father of twentieth century cuisine  - he simplified sauces and preparations, and created Classic Cuisine  - he wrote Le Guide Culinaire, which categorized all known dishes at the time and  gave their basic components   - Escoffier changed dining to course that followed each other in a distinct way  - The Kitchen Brigade was a system of 12 stations, with each responsible for certain  dishes   - executive chef  - chef de cuisine  - sous chef  - saucier  - poissonnier  - rotisserie  - grillardin  - fritterer  - entremetier  - tournant  - garde manger  - aboyer  - patissier  - confiseur  - boulanger  - glacier 

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School: University of North Texas
Department: Hospitality
Course: Prof Food Prep
Professor: Jodi Duryea
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Hospitality and Business Management and food
Name: 1470 HMGT, Week One: Chapter One History
Description: These notes cover the history of food connoisseurs and how food became how it is now.
Uploaded: 01/16/2019
6 Pages 61 Views 48 Unlocks
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