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KSU / Psychology / PSYC 1101 / What are the three roadblocks to critical thinking?

What are the three roadblocks to critical thinking?

What are the three roadblocks to critical thinking?

Description

School: Kennesaw State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Introduction to Psychology
Professor: Adrienne williamson
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: Intro to Psychology
Cost: 25
Name: Psych 1101
Description: These notes go over how psychologists ask and answer questions, the scientific method, and research methods
Uploaded: 01/17/2019
48 Pages 27 Views 1 Unlocks
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How Psychologists ask and Answer Questions

  • Mere repennon of statements - whether true or false - makes them easier to process and remember, thus more truth seeming.

3 Roadblocks to critical thinking: We also discuss several other topics like What is the anatomy of the heart?

• Hindsight Bias

 • Overconfidence

 • Perceiving Patterns in random events We also discuss several other topics like What are the steps of the central dogma?

Hindsight Bias

We also discuss several other topics like How do we make dna?

• Hindsight Bias (also known as the "I knew it all along" is phenomenon) is easy to demonstrate by giving half the members of a group some purported psychological finding and giving the other half the opposite. We also discuss several other topics like How to predict the relative stability of resonance structures?

* common sense isn't wrong. Rather common sense describes after the fact, what has happened better than it predicts what will happenWe also discuss several other topics like What does enso stand for?

Overconfidence - Humans tend to think we know more than we do. If you want to learn more check out What is a synthetic or naturally derived material suitable for making artificial organs and prostheses?

* we tend to be more confident than correct*

Perceiving Patterns in Random Events

Born with eagerness to make sense of our wond

(Random sequences don't often look random)

 - Flip a coin so times & you may be surprised @ the streaks of head and fails.

* In actual random sequences, patterns and streaks occur more often than people expect.

 - Random, unpredictable wind is unsettling.

How Psychologists as Land Answer Questions

- To relieve stress, people often make connections between random events. Making sense of the word helps us stay calm.

The point to Remember: Hindsight Bias and overconfidence and tendency to perceive patterns in random trents tempt us to overestimate our intuition. But scientific ingenuity can help us sift reality from illusion.

Psychological science in a Post-Truth world

Post-Truth - Describing a modern culture where people's emotions and personal beliefs often overde their acceptance of objective facts.

Repetition - in experiments, statements become more believable when they are repeated. What we hear and overhear gets remembered and comes to

seem true.

Availability of Powerful examples - In the media, "If it bleeds it leads. Gruesome violence (mass killings, plane uash, murder) gets reported w vind images that implant in our memory and color our judgements. No wonder Amencans grossly overestimate their risk of being victimized by Crime.

Group identity and the echo chamber of the like-minded our Social identities matter. Feeling good about our groups helps us feel good about ourselves. On social media, we tend to friend people who think like we do.

CLASS LECTURE NOTES (Jan. 15th )

Behavior or mental Process

Biological influences:

Natural selection of adaptive traits

Genetic predispositions

Brain Mechanisms

Hormonal influences

Psychological influences:

Learned Fears

Emotional responses

Cognitive processing and perceptual interpretations

Social Cultural influences:

Presence of others

Cultural, socretal, and family expectations

Peer / other group Influences

Compelling Models (such as Media)

Basic Research - Aim to increase scientific knowledge.

Applied research - Aim to solve practical Problems

Interpersonal Relationships

  • People tend to be attracted to those who are similar to them on a variety of dimensions
  • Relationships last longer when two people are similar

Scientific Method

Acquiring knowledge through formation of specific questions

STEPS

1. Form ? Develop Hypotheses 

2. Design study collects Data

3. Analyze and interpret Data

4. Report Findings and reuse if necessary

CLASS LECTURE NOTES (Jan. 15th)

Theory

  • A set of integrated principles that explain observations, and offer testable research questions.

Hypotes

  • A testable prediction often implied by a theory

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