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CMU - GEO 350 - Class Notes - Week 2

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CMU - GEO 350 - Class Notes - Week 2

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background image Olivia Pandola 
Week 2 Notes 
Topic: Reflections on North America Regions 
 
 
Environmental  Determinism  Environmental Determinism​: flawed notion that culture is a 
direct response to the dictates of climate and topography. 
“You Are Where You Live”  Popular during the 1800s-1920s.  Has some ugly potentialities and undermined the success 
of Geography as a discipline 
Ex: Hitler used this to persecute Jewish population  Most Commonly Spoken  Languages Other than  English    Environmental  Possibilism  Environmental Possibilism​: People determine the culture of 
an area 
**EVEN THOUGH​ the environment gives us options to 
follow or ignore, people are responsible for these choices 
Therefore ​people are responsible​ for the culture 
based on these human-made choices 
Ex: choosing to use the environment (wood) to build a 
house 
Ex: choosing to live somewhere despite lack of resources  Environmental  Perception  Environmental Perception​: How you perceive places (good 
or bad)  
Geomancy vs  Feng Shui?  Geomancy​: the dividing areas of figures, lines, or 
geographic features 
Feng Shui (Chinese)​: structure/site is chosen to 
harmonize orientation, placement, or arrangement 
background image of it  Natural hazards and hazard zones  Humans as modifiers of  the Earth  Opposite of Environmental Determinism  Environmental Determinism: flawed notion that 
culture impacts/changes climate and topography 
Belief that ​humans are in charge of Earth modification  Ongoing thing  Ex: humans plowed grass in fields-- led to Dust 
Bowl 
Earth Modification—Why  not everywhere?  Areas that lack modification  Western China: lacks modification  Amazon Basin  Sahera Desert  Middle of Australia  **Big Concept​: ​Earth has not been modified EVERYWHERE  Cultural Integration  Culture​:  complex wholes (made up of a lot of different 
things) 
Integrated systems: each culture depends on the 
others 
Ex: religion, politics, economics, and 
ethnicity 
Cultural determinism: “If your culture is different, we should 
keep you out!” 
Very dangerous  Humanistic Geography  Focuses on ​place and place meaning  Humanistic views (subjectivity)  Subjectivity​: having an opinion on a place  Similar to English, History, or Art appreciation because of 
subjectivity 
English: ​opinion​ on right English to use  History: ​opinion​ on right way to interpret history  Art: ​opinion​ on right way to analyze piece of art  Culture Landscape  Human landscapes built by people  People tend to ​humanize natural landscapes  Ex: cutting down trees for multiple purposes  Landscapes ​tell what kind of culture a place has  Can be “read” like a textbook -- open to 
interpretation 
3 Principal Aspects of Cultural Landscape  Settlement patterns:# of  big cities, farms, etc.  Land-division patterns: what land is used for 
background image (agriculture, mining, etc.)  Architecture: reading the landscape   Ex: why build houses with peaked roofs?  Landscape  Things to consider when analyzing a structure/place: :  What does it suggest about the culture​ that built it?  What ​symbolic value​ does it have?  What is not said​ about the lot?  Landscape Symbols  Varying landscapes and symbolizes associated with 
different regions, countries, states, societies, etc.  
Log Cabin: symbolizes early traditions North 
America & Canada 
Hacienda: symbolizes early traditions of Mexico  Re-regionalizing  Regions: formal, informal, vernacular  How geographers look at land  Generally look at borders in various parts of the country   inspect if they’re c​ultural, linguistic, political, 
economic, historic, regional.​ etc. 
Joel Garreau: “the Nine  Nations of North  America” (1981)  Economic, cultural borders displayed by Joel Garreau  Ex of linguistic border​: New England (includes 
Canadian areas due to them having English 
traditions) 
Diluted borders bc of TV bc stations overlayed culture 
(music, fashion, etc.) 
  How People Outside of  U.S. Viewed U.S.  Divided U.S. states “in” and “out”  Ex​: U.S. divided into 10 regions published from a Turkish 

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School: Central Michigan University
Department: Geography
Course: United States and Canada
Professor: David Meyer
Term: Spring 2019
Tags: geography
Name: GEO350 Week 2 Notes
Description: Here are the notes we covered in GEO350 for Week 2!
Uploaded: 01/18/2019
11 Pages 69 Views 55 Unlocks
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