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University of Memphis - PSYC 3512 - Class Notes - Week 1

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background image CH. 1 INTRODUCING HEALTH 
PSYCHOLOGY :
THE CHANGING FIELD OF 
HEALTH
1. PAST HEALTH  A. Biomedical Model (Western) 1900s i. Health defined as absences of diseases ii. Leading cause of death were infectious diseases
1. Pneumonia, Influenza, Tuberculosis 
iii. Disease resulted from exposure to pathogens iv. Average age 47.3 yrs 2. TODAY’S HEALTH A. Biopsychosocial Model ( Holistic: positive condition) Late 1900s i. Defined Health as absence of disease and positive well being ii. Includes Social psychological, physiological, and spiritual aspects
1. Stress, genetics, social support, personal control, ethic 
background, and personality iii. Unhealthy behavior influences chronic health iv. Decrease in infectious diseases : Increase in Chronic 
Diseases( leading cause of death)
1. Chronic Diseases: Cardiovascular Disease( Heart disease, 
heart attack, and stroke) and Cancer( 60%) a. Parkinson’s(due to age) v. Average age of death 77yrs 
background image 3. LIFE EXPECTANCY A. United States v. Other Countries i. 14 th   v. Industrial Countries ii. 45 th  v. Other Countries B. European America v. African American i. European Americans live longer than African Americans
1. Poverty and Education
a. Less education associated with high health problems
b. Poverty population have health problems present before 
birth i. Limited health care and unhealthy behaviors C. Past v. Today i. 1900s: 47.3yrs a. Treatment (treatment of diseases/vaccinations) ii. Late 1900s: 77yrs
1. Longer Lives
a. Lower infant death, vaccines, waste management and  ,milk filtration b. Health Care  i. The older you are the more medical treatment 
required for Chronic illnesses
c. Improved Technology causes health care to be high in  cost d. Prevention (treatment to prevention of diseases) 2. Ages 1-44  a. Unintentional injuries 28%
b. Suicide 10%
c. Homicide 8%
d. More people die of cigarette smoke than anything else
4. FOUR TRENDS DURING THE LAST CENTURY A. Pattern of disease/death B. Escalating cost of healthcare 2

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School: University of Memphis
Department: Psychology
Course: HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
Professor: LESLIE ROBINSON
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: PSYC 3512 week 1 notes
Description: These notes cover chapter one
Uploaded: 01/20/2019
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School: University of Memphis
Department: Psychology
Course: HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
Professor: LESLIE ROBINSON
Term: Spring 2019
Tags:
Name: PSYC 3512 week 1 notes
Description: These notes cover chapter one
Uploaded: 01/20/2019